How to format your references using the Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Froese, R., 2011. Fishery reform slips through the net. Nature 475, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Colburn, K.A., Johnson, P.R.S., 2003. Public health. Air pollution concerns not changed by S-PLUS flaw. Science 299, 665–666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okuwaki, R., Yagi, Y., Hirano, S., 2014. Relationship between high-frequency radiation and asperity ruptures, revealed by hybrid back-projection with a non-planar fault model. Sci. Rep. 4, 7120.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hildebrand, M.E., Pitcher, G.M., Harding, E.K., Li, H., Beggs, S., Salter, M.W., 2014. GluN2B and GluN2D NMDARs dominate synaptic responses in the adult spinal cord. Sci. Rep. 4, 4094.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mullaney, M.D., 2009. The Complete Guide to Option Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Acampora, G., Loia, V., Lee, C.-S., Wang, M.-H. (Eds.), 2013. On the Power of Fuzzy Markup Language, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ciuprina, G., Villena, J.F., Ioan, D., Ilievski, Z., Kula, S., ter Maten, E.J.W., Mohaghegh, K., Pulch, R., Schilders, W.H.A., Silveira, L.M., Ştefănescu, A., Striebel, M., 2015. Parameterized Model Order Reduction, in: Günther, M. (Ed.), Coupled Multiscale Simulation and Optimization in Nanoelectronics, Mathematics in Industry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 267–359.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Humans Are “Super Predators” That Are Driving Widespread Extinction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources (No. GAO-11-604). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ademiluyi, C.A., 2010. Felony disenfranchisement and how it contributes to the Black electorate (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2014. Hills to Discovery Grow Steeper. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Froese, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Colburn and Johnson, 2003; Froese, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Colburn and Johnson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hildebrand et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering
ISSN (print)2095-7564
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles