How to format your references using the Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris, N., 2015. Immunology: Chronic effects of acute infections. Nature 526, 509–510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohrbach, A., Schmidt, M.W., 2011. Redox freezing and melting in the Earth’s deep mantle resulting from carbon-iron redox coupling. Nature 472, 209–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cartwright, H.N., Humphries, J.A., Smith, L.G., 2009. PAN1: a receptor-like protein that promotes polarization of an asymmetric cell division in maize. Science 323, 649–651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, X., Schauder, S., Potier, N., Van Dorsselaer, A., Pelczer, I., Bassler, B.L., Hughson, F.M., 2002. Structural identification of a bacterial quorum-sensing signal containing boron. Nature 415, 545–549.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snell, R.S., Lemp, M.A., 1997. Clinical Anatomy of the Eye. Blackwell Science Ltd,., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Wang, F., Yan, P., Suzuki, K., Shen, D. (Eds.), 2010. Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: First International Workshop, MLMI 2010, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2010, Beijing, China, September 20, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Luenberger, D.G., Ye, Y., 2008. Duality, in: Ye, Y. (Ed.), Linear and Nonlinear Programming, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 79–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Britain’s Oldest Sauropod Dinosaur Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Space Transportation: Critical Areas NASA Needs to Address in Managing Its Reusable Launch Vehicle Program (No. GAO-01-826T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, K.S., 2008. Towards an improved baton technique: The application and modification of conducting gestures drawn from the methods of Rudolf, Green and Saitö for enhanced performance of orchestral interpretations (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Puerto Rico Development Bank Goes to Court for $400 Million in Taxes. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harris, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Harris, 2015; Rohrbach and Schmidt, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohrbach and Schmidt, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering
ISSN (print)2095-7564
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles