How to format your references using the Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howie, A., 2012. Akira Tonomura (1942-2012). Nature 486, 324.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aldy, J.E., Stavins, R.N., 2012. Climate change. Climate negotiators create an opportunity for scholars. Science 337, 1043–1044.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beldade, P., Koops, K., Brakefield, P.M., 2002. Developmental constraints versus flexibility in morphological evolution. Nature 416, 844–847.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schoch, S., Deák, F., Königstorfer, A., Mozhayeva, M., Sara, Y., Südhof, T.C., Kavalali, E.T., 2001. SNARE function analyzed in synaptobrevin/VAMP knockout mice. Science 294, 1117–1122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov, V.O., 2016. Trustworthy Cloud Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kessler, G., 2014. The Risks of Nuclear Energy Technology: Safety Concepts of Light Water Reactors, Science Policy Reports. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fattorini, D., Regoli, F., 2012. Hyper-Accumulation of Vanadium in Polychaetes, in: Michibata, H. (Ed.), Vanadium: Biochemical and Molecular Biological Approaches. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Where Did HIV Come From? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems (No. GAO-16-696T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibson, J.J., 2017. An Assessment of Factors Relating to High School Students’ Science Self-Efficacy (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Household In Thrall To Tales Told. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howie, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Aldy and Stavins, 2012; Howie, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aldy and Stavins, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Schoch et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering
ISSN (print)2095-7564
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles