How to format your references using the Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCusker, J.K., 2001. Photocatalysis. Fuel from photons. Science 293, 1599–1601.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schadt, C.W., Rosling, A., 2015. FUNGAL BIOGEOGRAPHY. Comment on “Global diversity and geography of soil fungi.” Science 348, 1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ehrlich, P.R., Kareiva, P.M., Daily, G.C., 2012. Securing natural capital and expanding equity to rescale civilization. Nature 486, 68–73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ahart, M., Somayazulu, M., Cohen, R.E., Ganesh, P., Dera, P., Mao, H.-K., Hemley, R.J., Ren, Y., Liermann, P., Wu, Z., 2008. Origin of morphotropic phase boundaries in ferroelectrics. Nature 451, 545–548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziska, L.H., Dukes, J.S., 2010. Weed Biology and Climate Change. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sprake, J. (Ed.), 2012. Learning-Through-Touring: Mobilising Learners and Touring Technologies to Creatively Explore the Built Environment, Technology Enhanced Learning. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Gosavi, A., Murray, S., 2010. Simulation-based Methods for Studying Reliability and Preventive Maintenance of Public Infrastructure, in: Faulin, J., Juan, A.A., Martorell, S., Ramírez-Márquez, J.-E. (Eds.), Simulation Methods for Reliability and Availability of Complex Systems, Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. Springer, London, pp. 107–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. “FriendsOfScience” Organization Do Not Fucking Love Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Office of Telecommunications Policy’s Contract for a Publication on Intercepting Electronic Communications (No. LCD-78-110). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sparks, G.A., 2008. Charismatic leadership: An exploratory investigation of the techniques of influence (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. On the Home Lawn, Where Alligators Roam. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCusker, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (McCusker, 2001; Schadt and Rosling, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schadt and Rosling, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahart et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering
ISSN (print)2095-7564
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles