How to format your references using the Purinergic Signalling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Purinergic Signalling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Levinson SC (2012) Psychology. Kinship and human thought. Science 336:988–989
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Moura AC de A, Lee PC (2004) Capuchin stone tool use in Caatinga dry forest. Science 306:1909
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chu R, Reczek D, Brondyk W (2014) Capture-stabilize approach for membrane protein SPR assays. Sci Rep 4:7360
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Cui Y, Wei Q, Park H, Lieber CM (2001) Nanowire nanosensors for highly sensitive and selective detection of biological and chemical species. Science 293:1289–1292

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cook M (2008) Personnel Selection. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Li Z-T, Wu L-Z (2015) Hydrogen Bonded Supramolecular Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Berns H, Gavriljuk V, Riedner S (2013) Properties. In: Gavriljuk V, Riedner S (eds) High Interstitial Stainless Austenitic Steels. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–109

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Purinergic Signalling.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2017) A Long-Lost Dark Age Kingdom Has Been Rediscovered In Scotland. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/longlost-dark-age-kingdom-rediscovered-scotland/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1969) Review Of Status Of Development Toward Establishment Of A Unified National Communications System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kim JW (2009) Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M (2012) For Men, Sport’s Stigma Dampens Appeal. New York Times SP7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePurinergic Signalling
AbbreviationPurinergic Signal.
ISSN (print)1573-9538
ISSN (online)1573-9546
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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