How to format your references using the Purinergic Signalling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Purinergic Signalling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hertz N (2009) Recession Watch: Cooperation must rule. Nature 457:962–963
A journal article with 2 authors
Svetlizky I, Fineberg J (2014) Classical shear cracks drive the onset of dry frictional motion. Nature 509:205–208
A journal article with 3 authors
Conway SL, Shinbrot T, Glasser BJ (2004) A Taylor vortex analogy in granular flows. Nature 431:433–437
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Matthews JM, Kuschnig R, Guenther DB, et al (2004) No stellar p-mode oscillations in space-based photometry of Procyon. Nature 430:51–53

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan RM (2013) Problem Solving and Data Analysis using Minitab. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Menon S, Sinha A, Sreekantan BV (2014) Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Consciousness and the Self. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Shiffman MA (2008) Facial Aging: a Clinical Classification. In: Shiffman MA, Mirrafati SJ, Lam SM, Cueteaux CG (eds) Simplified Facial Rejuvenation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Purinergic Signalling.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Hyperfast Spacecraft Could Be Partly Destroyed By Interstellar Dust En Route To Alpha Centauri. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Federal Student Loans: Audits and Reviews of the Federal Family Education Loan and Federal Direct Loan Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casale N (2015) Generational preferences in marketing medium selections of animal adoptions in nonprofit organizations: A correlational study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler M, Appelbaum B (2017) Trump Tells Foreign Leaders That Nafta Can Stay for Now. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePurinergic Signalling
AbbreviationPurinergic Signal.
ISSN (print)1573-9538
ISSN (online)1573-9546
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles