How to format your references using the Purinergic Signalling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Purinergic Signalling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kopetz H (2013) Renewable resources: Build a biomass energy market. Nature 494:29–31
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu M, Yu X (2002) A primitive fish close to the common ancestor of tetrapods and lungfish. Nature 418:767–770
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubash NK, Fleurbaey M, Kartha S (2014) Climate policy. Political implications of data presentation. Science 345:36–37
A journal article with 5 or more authors
La Scola B, Audic S, Robert C, et al (2003) A giant virus in amoebae. Science 299:2033

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denny HR, Butterworth SJ (2008) A Guide to Canine and Feline Orthopaedic Surgery. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Barakos E, W. Unger J (2016) Discursive Approaches to Language Policy. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Spitzer P, Wunderli S, Maksymiuk K, et al (2013) Reference Electrodes for Aqueous Solutions. In: Inzelt G, Lewenstam A, Scholz F (eds) Handbook of Reference Electrodes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 77–143

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Purinergic Signalling.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Live Dolphins FedEx’d From Hawaii To Arizona For New Tourist Attraction. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Needs to Fully Define Policies and Procedures for Institutionally Managing Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindeboom TN (2014) A new home for transitioning youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Table Tennis Beside a Bank, and Other Contests Intended to ‘Reclaim’ Midtown. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePurinergic Signalling
AbbreviationPurinergic Signal.
ISSN (print)1573-9538
ISSN (online)1573-9546
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles