How to format your references using the Purinergic Signalling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Purinergic Signalling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Primack J (2010) Astronomy. Hidden growth of supermassive black holes in galaxy mergers. Science 328:576–578
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wheeler T, von Braun J (2013) Climate change impacts on global food security. Science 341:508–513
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bo T-L, Zhang H, Zheng X-J (2014) Charge-to-mass ratio of saltating particles in wind-blown sand. Sci Rep 4:5590
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Bouzat C, Gumilar F, Spitzmaul G, et al (2004) Coupling of agonist binding to channel gating in an ACh-binding protein linked to an ion channel. Nature 430:896–900

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Boussabaine A (2013) Risk Pricing Strategies for Public-Private Partnerships Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
1.
Alam N, Rizvi SAR (2016) Islamic Capital Markets: Volatility, Performance and Stability. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zwikael O, Smyrk J (2011) Starting a New Project. In: Smyrk J (ed) Project Management for the Creation of Organisational Value. Springer, London, pp 135–180

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Purinergic Signalling.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Largest Planet To Orbit Two Stars Discovered. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/largest-planet-to-orbit-two-stars-discovered/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1988) Computer Systems: Overview of Federal Systems for Processing Aliens Seeking U.S. Entry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gnoinska MK (2010) Poland and the Cold War in East and Southeast Asia, 1949-1965. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2011) Remembering Waitz, a Champion and Companion. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePurinergic Signalling
AbbreviationPurinergic Signal.
ISSN (print)1573-9538
ISSN (online)1573-9546
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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