How to format your references using the Purinergic Signalling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Purinergic Signalling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Güntürkün O (2003) Human behaviour: Adult persistence of head-turning asymmetry. Nature 421:711
A journal article with 2 authors
Riddihough G, Zahn LM (2010) Epigenetics. What is epigenetics? Introduction. Science 330:611
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakatsuji S, Kiyohara N, Higo T (2015) Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature. Nature 527:212–215
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hu C, Ahmed M, Melia TJ, et al (2003) Fusion of cells by flipped SNAREs. Science 300:1745–1749

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wills B (2016) Purposely Profitable. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Joshi K, Siegle M, Stoelinga M, D’Argenio PR (2013) Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 10th International Conference, QEST 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 27-30, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sakti S, Nakamura S, Markov K, Minker W (2009) Conclusions and Future Directions. In: Nakamura S, Markov K, Sakti S (eds) Incorporating Knowledge Sources into Statistical Speech Recognition. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 1–5

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Purinergic Signalling.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Melting Permafrost Could Thaw A Smallpox Graveyard In Siberia. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cinquemani S (2017) Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Big Dreams and Ideas in Chicago. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePurinergic Signalling
AbbreviationPurinergic Signal.
ISSN (print)1573-9538
ISSN (online)1573-9546
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles