How to format your references using the Purinergic Signalling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Purinergic Signalling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Estrada-Oyuela R (2009) Copenhagen needs a strong lead negotiator. Nature 461:1056–1057
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Devoret MH, Schoelkopf RJ (2013) Superconducting circuits for quantum information: an outlook. Science 339:1169–1174
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mariani FV, Ahn CP, Martin GR (2008) Genetic evidence that FGFs have an instructive role in limb proximal-distal patterning. Nature 453:401–405
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Naveiras O, Nardi V, Wenzel PL, et al (2009) Bone-marrow adipocytes as negative regulators of the haematopoietic microenvironment. Nature 460:259–263

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schulze V (2005) Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Caviglia HA, Solimeno LP (2008) Orthopedic Surgery in Patients with Hemophilia. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yoshihara N (2008) On Non-Welfarist Social Ordering Functions. In: Pattanaik PK, Tadenuma K, Xu Y, Yoshihara N (eds) Rational Choice and Social Welfare: Theory and Applications Essays in Honor of Kotaro Suzumura. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 43–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Purinergic Signalling.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Ancient “Monster” Sea Scorpions Were Gentle Giants. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1993) Air Traffic Control: Uncertainties and Challenges Face FAA’s Advanced Automated System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Michaels JL (2009) Changing cooperation to competition disrupts attitudes and valence: First test of a dynamical model. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gorman J (2017) First Americans: This Dog Is Quite Proud, Despite All Appearances. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePurinergic Signalling
AbbreviationPurinergic Signal.
ISSN (print)1573-9538
ISSN (online)1573-9546
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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