How to format your references using the Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissman P (2015) Planetary science: Sink holes and dust jets on comet 67P. Nature 523:42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Merikangas KR, Risch N (2003) Genomic priorities and public health. Science 302:599–601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noborisaka J, Nishiguchi K, Fujiwara A (2014) Electric tuning of direct-indirect optical transitions in silicon. Sci Rep 4:6950.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van Dellen A, Blakemore C, Deacon R, York D, Hannan AJ (2000) Delaying the onset of Huntington’s in mice. Nature 404:721–722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra A (2008) Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Timilsina GR, Zilberman D (eds) (2014) The Impacts of Biofuels on the Economy, Environment, and Poverty: A Global Perspective. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Richards E (2005) British Diaspora. In: Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. Ember M, Ember CR, Skoggard I (eds) Springer US, Boston, MA, p 47–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Intense Underground Stress Forces Mountains To Sprout On Io. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) NASA 5-Year Planning. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ballan AO (2015) The selfie generation: Students’ perceptions of classroom incivility in social work education. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2011) Robert A. Pritzker, 85; Led Family Business. New York Times:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weissman 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Merikangas & Risch 2003, Weissman 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Merikangas & Risch 2003)
  • Three authors: (Noborisaka et al. 2014)
  • 99 or more authors: (van Dellen et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEthics in Science and Environmental Politics
AbbreviationEthics Sci. Environ. Polit.
ISSN (print)1863-5415
ISSN (online)1611-8014
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles