How to format your references using the Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lindenberger U. Human cognitive aging: corriger la fortune? Science. 2014 Oct 31;346(6209):572–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dubrulle J, Pourquié O. fgf8 mRNA decay establishes a gradient that couples axial elongation to patterning in the vertebrate embryo. Nature. 2004 Jan 29;427(6973):419–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Willbold M, Elliott T, Moorbath S. The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature. 2011 Sep 7;477(7363):195–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fukuda K, Takeda Y, Mizukami M, Kumaki D, Tokito S. Fully solution-processed flexible organic thin film transistor arrays with high mobility and exceptional uniformity. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 4;4:3947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wiebe VJ. Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Plemenos D, Miaoulis G, editors. Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Computer Graphics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. VIII, 216 p. 141 illus. (Studies in Computational Intelligence; vol. 159).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hentschel C, Czinki A. Taming Complex Problems by Systematic Innovation. In: Chechurin L, editor. Research and Practice on the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ): Linking Creativity, Engineering and Innovation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Amazing Video Takes You INSIDE The Largest Photograph Ever Taken. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Transportation: Development of the Commercial Space Launch Industry Presents Safety Oversight Challenges for FAA and Raises Issues Affecting Federal Roles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Dec. Report No.: GAO-10-286T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fearrington ND. The relationship between fathers’ pre -natal involvement with the mother and post -natal involvement with the child(ren) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; CLINTON IS LEERY OF PREMATURE JOY. New York Times. 1992 Oct 21;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePuerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
ISSN (print)0738-0658
Scope

Other styles