How to format your references using the Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ward MD. Materials science. Molecular fuel tanks. Science. 2003 May 16;300(5622):1104–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tercero JA, Diffley JF. Regulation of DNA replication fork progression through damaged DNA by the Mec1/Rad53 checkpoint. Nature. 2001 Aug 2;412(6846):553–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Takeuchi H, Nakatsuji N, Suemori H. Endodermal differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to insulin-producing cells in 3D culture. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 27;4:4488.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Anderson MA, O’Shea TM, Burda JE, Ao Y, Barlatey SL, Bernstein AM, et al. Required growth facilitators propel axon regeneration across complete spinal cord injury. Nature. 2018 Sep;561(7723):396–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hossain ME. Fundamentals of Drilling Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Watada J, Xu B, Wu B, editors. Innovative Management in Information and Production. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XII, 400 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tobias JD. Tolerance, Physical Dependency, and Withdrawal. In: Wheeler DS, Wong HR, Shanley TP, editors. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Volume 4: Peri-operative Care of the Critically Ill or Injured Child. London: Springer; 2014. p. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Diagonal Ear Crease Linked To Increased Risk Of Coronary Heart Disease. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Efforts to Exchange Health Data Could Benefit from Improved Planning and Project Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Jun. Report No.: GAO-04-687.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mullin Piette AJ. Dialogic encounters among health care providers in pediatric critical care: A qualitative, collective case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Fiske IH. KEATS’S “LAMIA.”; Found on Shelley’s Drowned Body and Cast Into His Funeral Flames. New York Times. 1906 Feb 3;REVIEW OF BOOKSBR61.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePuerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
ISSN (print)0738-0658
Scope

Other styles