How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, J., 2011. Chemistry. High-throughput discovery of new chemical reactions. Science 333, 1387–1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, X., Yan, G.-Y., 2014. Semi-supervised learning for potential human microRNA-disease associations inference. Sci. Rep. 4, 5501.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gillis, A.J., Schuller, A.P., Skordalakes, E., 2008. Structure of the Tribolium castaneum telomerase catalytic subunit TERT. Nature 455, 633–637.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vermeer, P.D., Einwalter, L.A., Moninger, T.O., Rokhlina, T., Kern, J.A., Zabner, J., Welsh, M.J., 2003. Segregation of receptor and ligand regulates activation of epithelial growth factor receptor. Nature 422, 322–326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A., 2012. Fracture Mechanics 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Gang, D.R. (Ed.), 2011. The Biological Activity of Phytochemicals, Recent Advances in Phytochemistry. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Magin, S., Huber, F., Herrmann, A., 2015. Determinants of Teenagers’ Brand Buying Behavior — Development of a Structural Equation Model, in: Moore, M., Moore, R.S. (Eds.), New Meanings for Marketing in a New Millennium: Proceedings of the 2001 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 12–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Markets.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Hacking Photosynthesis Yields Turbocharged Crops [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. SSA’s Acceptance Testing of a Mass Storage System for Computerized Data Was Adequate (No. IMTEC-85-5). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wick, H.F., 2001. Applying Natural Horn Technique to Modern Valved Horn Performance Practice (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eldred, S.M., Eligon, J., 2016. Doctor Saw Prince a Day Before His Death. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Yan, 2014; Montgomery, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Yan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Vermeer et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Markets
AbbreviationJ. Fin. Mark.
ISSN (print)1386-4181
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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