How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hellemans, A., 2000. Cantilever tales. Science 290, 1529.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGuire, A.L., Gibbs, R.A., 2006. Genetics. No longer de-identified. Science 312, 370–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsuchida, T., Koga, R., Fukatsu, T., 2004. Host plant specialization governed by facultative symbiont. Science 303, 1989.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, L., Ou, Q.-D., Chen, J.-D., Shen, S., Tang, J.-X., Li, Y.-Q., Lee, S.-T., 2014. Light manipulation for organic optoelectronics using bio-inspired moth’s eye nanostructures. Sci. Rep. 4, 4040.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dosil, J., 2008. Eating Disorders in Athletes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Cavallini, F., 2013. Quasi-Geostrophic Theory of Oceans and Atmosphere: Topics in the Dynamics and Thermodynamics of the Fluid Earth, Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Abel, A., 2006. Semi-continuous Sized Types and Termination, in: Ésik, Z. (Ed.), Computer Science Logic: 20th International Workshop, CSL 2006, 15th Annual Conference of the EACSL, Szeged, Hungary, September 25-29, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 72–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Markets.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Navy-Trained Dolphins To Help Find And Rescue Endangered Vaquita Porpoises [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Aviation Security: Challenges Exist in Stabilizing and Enhancing Passenger and Baggage Screening Operations (No. GAO-04-440T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bodenmiller, J.J., 2015. A quantitative relational analysis of leadership style and leader-accountability in nonprofit organizations (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hellemans, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hellemans, 2000; McGuire and Gibbs, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McGuire and Gibbs, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Markets
AbbreviationJ. Fin. Mark.
ISSN (print)1386-4181
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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