How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weiss, U., 2008. Inflammation. Nature 454, 427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu, L., Wang, J., 2014. Arbitrary manipulation of spatial amplitude and phase using phase-only spatial light modulators. Sci. Rep. 4, 7441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clark, C.J., Elias, D.O., Prum, R.O., 2011. Aeroelastic flutter produces hummingbird feather songs. Science 333, 1430–1433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Galy, V., France-Lanord, C., Beyssac, O., Faure, P., Kudrass, H., Palhol, F., 2007. Efficient organic carbon burial in the Bengal fan sustained by the Himalayan erosional system. Nature 450, 407–410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolinski, M., 2011. Plastics and Sustainability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen, H. (Ed.), 2011. Large Research Infrastructures Development in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Markina, I., 2016. Geodesics in Geometry with Constraints and Applications, in: Bahns, D., Bauer, W., Witt, I. (Eds.), Quantization, PDEs, and Geometry: The Interplay of Analysis and Mathematical Physics, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 153–314.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Markets.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Finally, A Proven Way To Keep Great White Sharks At Arm’s Length [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Transportation Activities 1946-1975: Interview with Joseph P. Normile, Fred J. Shafer, and Thomas E. Sullivan (No. OP-24-OH). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schroeder, S.K., 2017. Tau-Directed Immunotherapy for Alzheimer’s Disease (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. Powell Leads Syracuse; Princeton Survives. New York Times 88.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weiss, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Weiss, 2008; Zhu and Wang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu and Wang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Galy et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Markets
AbbreviationJ. Fin. Mark.
ISSN (print)1386-4181
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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