How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H., 2004. Testing new ground. Nature 429, 682–683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harper, G.R., Jr, Pfennig, D.W., 2008. Selection overrides gene flow to break down maladaptive mimicry. Nature 451, 1103–1106.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rapp, R.P., Shimizu, N., Norman, M.D., 2003. Growth of early continental crust by partial melting of eclogite. Nature 425, 605–609.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cardillo, A., Gómez-Gardeñes, J., Zanin, M., Romance, M., Papo, D., del Pozo, F., Boccaletti, S., 2013. Emergence of network features from multiplexity. Sci. Rep. 3, 1344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forshaw, M., 2006. Understanding Headaches and Migraines. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cebulla, M. (Ed.), 2008. Object-Oriented Technology. ECOOP 2007 Workshop Reader: ECOOP 2007 Workshops, Berlin, Germany, July 30-31, 2007, Final Reports, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, Y., Qin, Y., 2012. Income Inequality of Chinese Rural Resident and the Factors Which Impact It, in: Qin, Y. (Ed.), Empirical Analysis on Income Inequality of Chinese Residents, Gu Shutang Academic Fund of Economics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 87–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Markets.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Elon Musk Wants To Launch 4,000 Satellites That Will Provide Internet From Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/space/elon-musk-plans-launching-4000-internet-satellites/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Sports Arena (No. AIMD-95-209R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, J., 2013. Effective nonprofit collaborative networks (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Rebels Avenge A Leader’s Death. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Harper and Pfennig, 2008; Hoag, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harper and Pfennig, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Cardillo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Markets
AbbreviationJ. Fin. Mark.
ISSN (print)1386-4181
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Finance

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