How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Markets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Markets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V., 2003. Biosphere owner sues sponsor. Nature 422, 461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker, H., Walker, R.J., 2003. Efficient mixing of the solar nebula from uniform Mo isotopic composition of meteorites. Nature 425, 152–155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ambrose, K.V., Koppenhöfer, A.M., Belanger, F.C., 2014. Horizontal gene transfer of a bacterial insect toxin gene into the Epichloë fungal symbionts of grasses. Sci. Rep. 4, 5562.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, H., Chandrasekar, S., Sheetz, M.P., Stossel, T.P., Nakamura, F., Yan, J., 2013. Mechanical perturbation of filamin A immunoglobulin repeats 20-21 reveals potential non-equilibrium mechanochemical partner binding function. Sci. Rep. 3, 1642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeMaris, A., 2004. Regression with Social Data: Modeling Continuous and Limited Response Variables, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gélinas, F., 2015. Foundations of Civil Justice: Toward a Value-Based Framework for Reform. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, S.-H., Yeh, C.-H., Huang, W.-J., 2009. Transmission Rate Enhancement for Scalable H.264/AVC Video over MIMO Wireless Systems, in: Muneesawang, P., Wu, F., Kumazawa, I., Roeksabutr, A., Liao, M., Tang, X. (Eds.), Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2009: 10th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Bangkok, Thailand, December 15-18, 2009 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Markets.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Fructose May Increase Our Desire For Food [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/sugar-fruit-may-increase-our-desire-food/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Information Technology: SSA Needs to Address Limitations in Management Controls and Human Capital Planning to Support Modernization Efforts (No. GAO-14-308). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F., 2010. Grant proposal: Providing effective screening, training, and supervision for an at-risk youth mentoring program (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. His Hipness, John G. Roberts. New York Times WK7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cock, 2010; Sanchez, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker and Walker, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Markets
AbbreviationJ. Fin. Mark.
ISSN (print)1386-4181
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Finance

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