How to format your references using the Nuclear Physics, Section B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Physics, Section B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Harden, Cell biology. Of grainy heads and broken skins, Science. 308 (2005) 364–365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Q. Schiermeier, J. Tollefson, Climate change: a Nobel cause, Nature. 449 (2007) 766–767.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Venkatesan, C.B. Fitzgerald, J.M.D. Coey, Thin films: unexpected magnetism in a dielectric oxide, Nature. 430 (2004) 630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Zhang, A. Wong, Y. Zhang, X. Ni, X. Li, Common and unique cis-acting elements mediate xanthotoxin and flavone induction of the generalist P450 CYP321A1, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.K. Adhikari, Variational Principles and the Numerical Solution of Scattering Problems, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
K. Takeda, J.H.L. Hansen, H. Erdoğan, H. Abut, eds., In-Vehicle Corpus and Signal Processing for Driver Behavior, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Chikhaoui, S. Wang, H. Pigot, Activity Recognition in Smart Environments: An Information Retrieval Problem, in: B. Abdulrazak, S. Giroux, B. Bouchard, H. Pigot, M. Mokhtari (Eds.), Toward Useful Services for Elderly and People with Disabilities: 9th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2011, Montreal, Canada, June 20-22, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Physics, Section B.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Ancient Book Reveals Entire Himalayan Arc Can Produce Massive Earthquakes, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Reyes, Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, Before Series Debut, FX Says ‘Feud’ Will Endure, New York Times. (2017) B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Physics, Section B
AbbreviationNucl. Phys. B.
ISSN (print)0550-3213
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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