How to format your references using the Nuclear Physics, Section B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Physics, Section B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.M. Fischer, Waning buoyancy in the crustal roots of old mountains, Nature. 417 (2002) 933–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Dillin, J.W. Kelly, Medicine. The yin-yang of sirtuins, Science. 317 (2007) 461–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
O. Ben-David, G. Cohen, J. Fineberg, The dynamics of the onset of frictional slip, Science. 330 (2010) 211–214.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.I. Candille, C.B. Kaelin, B.M. Cattanach, B. Yu, D.A. Thompson, M.A. Nix, J.A. Kerns, S.M. Schmutz, G.L. Millhauser, G.S. Barsh, A -defensin mutation causes black coat color in domestic dogs, Science. 318 (2007) 1418–1423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Q. Guochao, T. Shuyu, Z. Min, J. Chun, The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
A. Singh, ed., Indian Diaspora: Voices of Grandparents and Grandparenting, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Baisero, F.T. Pokorny, D. Kragic, C.H. Ek, The Path Kernel: A Novel Kernel for Sequential Data, in: A. Fred, M. De Marsico (Eds.), Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods: International Conference, ICPRAM 2013 Barcelona, Spain, February 15-18, 2013 Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 71–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Physics, Section B.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Seven Myths About Scientists Debunked, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Student Loans: Direct Loans Could Save Billions in First 5 Years With Proper Implementation, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. Gupta, Enhanced acquisition of data in the presence of transfaulty nodes in a wireless sensor network, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Court Hears Arguments On Americans Held in Iraq, New York Times. (2008) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Physics, Section B
AbbreviationNucl. Phys. B.
ISSN (print)0550-3213
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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