How to format your references using the International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stone EC. Planetary science. News from the edge of interstellar space. Science. 2001;293:55–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stixrude L, Peacor DR. First-principles study of illite-smectite and implications for clay mineral systems. Nature. 2002;420:165–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grandison RC, Piper MDW, Partridge L. Amino-acid imbalance explains extension of lifespan by dietary restriction in Drosophila. Nature. 2009;462:1061–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Veldhoen M, Hirota K, Westendorf AM, Buer J, Dumoutier L, Renauld J-C, et al. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor links TH17-cell-mediated autoimmunity to environmental toxins. Nature. 2008;453:106–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Welker RW, Nagarajan R, Newberg CE. Contamination and ESD Control in High-Technology Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Kóczy LT, Pozna CR, Kacprzyk J, editors. Issues and Challenges of Intelligent Systems and Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bianchi S, Pianese A. Scaling Laws in Stock Markets. An Analysis of Prices and Volumes. In: Perna C, Sibillo M, editors. Mathematical and Statistical Methods in Insurance and Finance. Milano: Springer; 2008. p. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Use Of “Last Resort” Antibiotics Has Significantly Increased In The U.K [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/use-last-resort-antibiotics-has-significantly-increased-uk/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Bankruptcy Reform: Value of Credit Counseling Requirements Is Not Clear. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 May. Report No.: GAO-07-778T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Manzano D. The benefits of fall intervention programs for older adults: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Otis J. Young Immigrant Seizes a Culinary Opportunity. New York Times. 2016 Dec 7;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries
AbbreviationInt. J. Diabetes Dev. Ctries
ISSN (print)0973-3930
ISSN (online)1998-3832
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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