How to format your references using the International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Travers A. Structural biology. The 30-nm fiber redux. Science. 2014;344:370–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Weiss BP, Tikoo SM. The lunar dynamo. Science. 2014;346:1246753.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Glover JD, Reganold JP, Cox CM. Agriculture: Plant perennials to save Africa’s soils. Nature. 2012;489:359–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ponomarenko LA, Schedin F, Katsnelson MI, Yang R, Hill EW, Novoselov KS, et al. Chaotic Dirac billiard in graphene quantum dots. Science. 2008;320:356–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hoffmann K. System Integration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Mackey PJ, Grimsey EJ, Jones RT, Brooks GA, editors. Celebrating the Megascale: Proceedings of the Extraction and Processing Division Symposium on Pyrometallurgy in Honor of David G.C. Robertson. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kaushika ND, Reddy KS, Kaushik K. Conventional Energy and Power System. In: Reddy KS, Kaushik K, editors. Sustainable Energy and the Environment: A Clean Technology Approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 43–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Italy Calls In Its Army To Help Grow Medical Marijuana. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Mistake In Proposal Alleged After Award. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 May. Report No.: B-176772.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Johnson DA. Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. As Told to. WHY WE TRAVEL | MOSCOW. New York Times. 2007 Jan 7;517.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries
AbbreviationInt. J. Diabetes Dev. Ctries
ISSN (print)0973-3930
ISSN (online)1998-3832
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles