How to format your references using the International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tegmark M. Cosmology. The dark side of distortion. Nature. 2000;405:133–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. del Giorgio PA, Duarte CM. Respiration in the open ocean. Nature. 2002;420:379–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang L, Baade D, Patat F. Spectropolarimetric diagnostics of thermonuclear supernova explosions. Science. 2007;315:212–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yan Y, Wang L-X, Ke X, Van Tendeloo G, Wu X-S, Yu D-P, et al. High-mobility Bi2Se3 nanoplates manifesting quantum oscillations of surface states in the sidewalls. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Deschamps J-P, Bioul GJA, Sutter GD. Synthesis of Arithmetic Circuits. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Crnkovic I, Gruhn V, Book M, editors. Software Architecture: 5th European Conference, ECSA 2011, Essen, Germany, September 13-16, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yuan C, Duan C, Wu F. Robust $$\mathcal{H}_{\infty }$$ Switching Control of Polytopic Parameter-Varying Systems via Dynamic Output Feedback. In: Li SE, Deng K, editors. Automotive Air Conditioning: Optimization, Control and Diagnosis. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. This Strange Scientific Model Has A Worrying Prediction About 2020. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Communications Commission: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services (PCS) Licensees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Sep. Report No.: OGC-00-67.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Johnson L. The Relationship between Mock Jurors’ Locus of Control, Belief in a Just World, and an NGRI Verdict [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Fame on the Half Shell. New York Times. 2009 May 3;CY1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries
AbbreviationInt. J. Diabetes Dev. Ctries
ISSN (print)0973-3930
ISSN (online)1998-3832
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles