How to format your references using the Public Choice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Choice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearce, J. M. (2012). Materials science. Building research equipment with free, open-source hardware. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6100), 1303–1304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raddick, M. J., & Szalay, A. S. (2010). SPORE series winner. The universe online. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5995), 1028–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Passarelli, L., Rivalta, E., & Shuler, A. (2014). Dike intrusions during rifting episodes obey scaling relationships similar to earthquakes. Scientific reports, 4, 3886.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chang, C., Guo, Z., Shen, N., He, B., Yao, W., Zhu, H., & Zhao, J. (2014). Dynamics of inflammation resolution and symptom recovery during AECOPD treatment. Scientific reports, 4, 5516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG. (2013). MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2013. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dodero, J. M., Palomo-Duarte, M., & Karampiperis, P. (Eds.). (2012). Metadata and Semantics Research: 6th Research Conference, MTSR 2012, Cádiz, Spain, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 343). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, L. P. (2015). Developing Critical Reflection Through Audio and Video Technology for Some Singapore Primary School Mathematics Teachers. In S. F. Ng (Ed.), Cases of Mathematics Professional Development in East Asian Countries: Using Video to Support Grounded Analysis (pp. 39–60). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Choice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 9). Love Hormone Oxytocin Helps Men Eat Better. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Drug and Alcohol Abuse: Billions Spent Annually for Treatment and Prevention Activities (No. HEHS-97-12). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, V. S. (2017). A Mixed Methodology Exploration of White Female Pre-Service Teachers’ Discussions of Race and Gender through Presentations of Counternarratives in Children’s Literature Books (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C. (2017, January 18). American Contingent’s Strength Is in Numbers, and Youth. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearce 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pearce 2012; Raddick and Szalay 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raddick and Szalay 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Choice
AbbreviationPublic Choice
ISSN (print)0048-5829
ISSN (online)1573-7101
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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