How to format your references using the Public Choice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Choice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Metzger, R. A. (2000). The stars my incarnation. Nature, 408(6808), 35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, E., & Marone, C. (2008). Geophysics. What triggers tremor? Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5860), 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nemoto, S., Fergusson, M. M., & Finkel, T. (2004). Nutrient availability regulates SIRT1 through a forkhead-dependent pathway. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5704), 2105–2108.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Seibold, G., Di Castro, C., Grilli, M., & Lorenzana, J. (2014). Spin excitations of ferronematic order in underdoped cuprate superconductors. Scientific reports, 4, 5319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robertson, B., Vignaux, G. A., & Berger, C. E. H. (2016). Interpreting Evidence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Didenko, V. D. (2008). Approximation of Additive Convolution-Like Operators: Real C*-Algebra Approach. (B. Silbermann, Ed.). Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Y.-C., & Lu, S.-J. (2009). An Investigation of Function Based Design Considering Affordances in Conceptual Design of Mechanical Movement. In D. Harris (Ed.), Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics: 8th International Conference, EPCE 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 43–51). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Choice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 22). The latest report from the IPCC: scientists are 95% certain that humans are the “dominant cause” of global warming since the 1950s. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Student Loans: Effect of Including Certain Types of Loans in Calculating Schools’ Default Rates (No. HEHS-98-135R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conway, A. H. (2014). Signs and symptoms of moral injury in female vietnam veterans: A qualitative examination of the nvvrs (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, August 9). Coaching The Kayakers On 2 Wheels. New York Times, p. B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Metzger 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Metzger 2000; Richardson and Marone 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson and Marone 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Seibold et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Choice
AbbreviationPublic Choice
ISSN (print)0048-5829
ISSN (online)1573-7101
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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