How to format your references using the Public Choice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Choice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mishra, J. (2014). Having it all. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lecuit, T., & Le Goff, L. (2007). Orchestrating size and shape during morphogenesis. Nature, 450(7167), 189–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillon, M. E., Wang, G., & Huey, R. B. (2010). Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming. Nature, 467(7316), 704–706.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Heinrich, A. J., Lutz, C. P., Gupta, J. A., & Eigler, D. M. (2002). Molecule cascades. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5597), 1381–1387.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann, K. (2005). System Integration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Israël, L., & Mouralis, G. (Eds.). (2014). Dealing with Wars and Dictatorships: Legal Concepts and Categories in Action. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller, P., Quintana, F. A., Jara, A., & Hanson, T. (2015). Categorical Data. In F. A. Quintana, A. Jara, & T. Hanson (Eds.), Bayesian Nonparametric Data Analysis (pp. 77–100). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Choice.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, May 12). Amateur Observations Help Predict Vast Bird Migrations. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Food Assistance: Child Care Centers Sponsored by Schools Participating in the National School Lunch Program (No. RCED-98-101R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brient, R. (2009). Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s “Madrigal” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, September 22). ‘The Third Tenor’ Exits. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mishra 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lecuit and Le Goff 2007; Mishra 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lecuit and Le Goff 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Heinrich et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Choice
AbbreviationPublic Choice
ISSN (print)0048-5829
ISSN (online)1573-7101
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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