How to format your references using the Public Choice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Choice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N. (2012). Technology: the taste of things to come. Nature, 486(7403), S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Papasaikas, P., & Valcárcel, J. (2012). Evolution. Splicing in 4D. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6114), 1547–1548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfe, C. J., Okubo, P. G., & Shearer, P. M. (2003). Mantle fault zone beneath Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5618), 478–480.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Farquhar, J., Peters, M., Johnston, D. T., Strauss, H., Masterson, A., Wiechert, U., & Kaufman, A. J. (2007). Isotopic evidence for Mesoarchaean anoxia and changing atmospheric sulphur chemistry. Nature, 449(7163), 706–709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossner, W., & Graubner, C.-A. (2012). Spannbetonbauwerke. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gosney, M. W. (2016). The History of Human Resource Development: Understanding the Unexplored Philosophies, Theories, and Methodologies. (C. Hughes, Ed.). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gallup, G. G., Spaulding, K. N., & Aboul-Seoud, F. (2016). Bottle Feeding: The Impact on Post-partum Depression, Birth Spacing and Autism. In A. Alvergne, C. Jenkinson, & C. Faurie (Eds.), Evolutionary Thinking in Medicine: From Research to Policy and Practice (pp. 47–57). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Choice.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, May 25). Astronomers Have Detected The Faintest Early-Universe Galaxy Ever. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Month In Review, July 1999: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications (No. OPA-99-10). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, S. M. (2017). The Relationship Between Political Affiliation and Student Achievement in the Areas of Reading and Mathematics, with Respect to Black Students (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lipton, E., & Buettner, R. (2016, November 18). U.S. Form Shows How Giuliani, Possible Cabinet Pick, Made His Fortune. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Papasaikas and Valcárcel 2012; Savage 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Papasaikas and Valcárcel 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Farquhar et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Choice
AbbreviationPublic Choice
ISSN (print)0048-5829
ISSN (online)1573-7101
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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