How to format your references using the Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faber, K. T. (2013). Materials science. Small volumes create super(elastic) effects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6153), 1464–1465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlini, A., & French, R. (2014). Visual tracking combined with hand-tracking improves time perception of moving stimuli. Scientific Reports, 4, 5363.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, A., Lauher, J. W., & Goroff, N. S. (2006). Preparation of poly(diiododiacetylene), an ordered conjugated polymer of carbon and iodine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1030–1034.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bidoia, C., Misgeld, T., Weinzierl, E., Buffelli, M., Feng, G., Cangiano, A., Lichtman, J. W., & Sanes, J. R. (2004). Comment on “Reelin promotes peripheral synapse elimination and maturation.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1977; author reply 1977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sattler, K. (2005). Thermische Trennverfahren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Akerkar, R. (2016). Intelligent Techniques for Data Science (P. S. Sajja, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Girling, S. J. (2010). The Welfare of Captive Birds in the Future. In I. J. H. Duncan & P. Hawkins (Eds.), The Welfare of Domestic Fowl and Other Captive Birds (pp. 115–133). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, January 12). Do Superheroes Make Children More Aggressive Rather Than Heroic? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Transportation Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1998-2000--1999 Update (IAP-98-15). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Willhite, D. G. (2001). Purification, Identification, and Partial Characterization of Proteins Associated with the Adaptive Immune Response to Soluble Protein Antigen in the American Cockroach (Periplaneta americana) [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, August 10). Mountain Time For the Texans. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Faber, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Carlini & French, 2014; Faber, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlini & French, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Sun et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bidoia et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophical Psychology
AbbreviationPhilos. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0951-5089
ISSN (online)1465-394X
Applied Psychology

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