How to format your references using the Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirshner, R. (2010). John Huchra (1948-2010). Nature, 468(7321), 174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fernández, A., & Lynch, M. (2011). Non-adaptive origins of interactome complexity. Nature, 474(7352), 502–505.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, K., Dickinson, R. E., & Liang, S. (2009). Clear sky visibility has decreased over land globally from 1973 to 2007. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1468–1470.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bonacci, T. M., Mathews, J. L., Yuan, C., Lehmann, D. M., Malik, S., Wu, D., Font, J. L., Bidlack, J. M., & Smrcka, A. V. (2006). Differential targeting of Gbetagamma-subunit signaling with small molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5772), 443–446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkateshan, S. P. (2015). Mechanical Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Saranto, K., Castrén, M., Kuusela, T., Hyrynsalmi, S., & Ojala, S. (Eds.). (2014). Safe and Secure Cities: 5th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 18-20, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 450). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dragon, R., Fenzi, M., Siberski, W., Rosenhahn, B., & Ostermann, J. (2012). Towards Feature-Based Situation Assessment for Airport Apron Video Surveillance. In F. Dellaert, J.-M. Frahm, M. Pollefeys, L. Leal-Taixé, & B. Rosenhahn (Eds.), Outdoor and Large-Scale Real-World Scene Analysis: 15th International Workshop on Theoretical Foundations of Computer Vision, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, June 26 - July 1, 2011. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 110–130). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 4). Wedding Bells Or Single Again: Psychology Predicts Where Your Relationship Is Headed. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Aviation Security: Immediate Action Needed to Improve Security (T-RCED/NSIAD-96-237). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trump, R. K. (2010). Self -brand overlap and dissociation [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davis, J. H., & Kelly, K. (2017, August 29). Scrutiny for Architects Of President’s Tax Plan. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirshner, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fernández & Lynch, 2011; Kirshner, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fernández & Lynch, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bonacci et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophical Psychology
AbbreviationPhilos. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0951-5089
ISSN (online)1465-394X
Applied Psychology

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