How to format your references using the Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huarte, M. (2009). Journal club. A biologist looks at new functions for non-coding RNAs. Nature, 459(7246), 487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Calsbeek, R., & Smith, T. B. (2003). Ocean currents mediate evolution in island lizards. Nature, 426(6966), 552–555.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charlebois, R. L., Beiko, R. G., & Ragan, M. A. (2003). Microbial phylogenomics: Branching out. Nature, 421(6920), 217.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hochberg, L. R., Serruya, M. D., Friehs, G. M., Mukand, J. A., Saleh, M., Caplan, A. H., Branner, A., Chen, D., Penn, R. D., & Donoghue, J. P. (2006). Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia. Nature, 442(7099), 164–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krimpmann, A. (2015). Principles of Group Accounting under IFRS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Meddis, R., Lopez-Poveda, E. A., Fay, R. R., & Popper, A. N. (Eds.). (2010). Computational Models of the Auditory System (Vol. 35). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Trucchia, F., & Romei, J. (2010). Principles and Rules. In J. Romei, M. Lowman, C. Andres, S. Anglin, M. Beckner, E. Buckingham, G. Cornell, J. Gennick, J. Hassell, M. Moodie, D. Parkes, J. Pepper, F. Pohlmann, D. Pundick, B. Renow-Clarke, D. Shakeshaft, M. Wade, T. Welsh, A. Castro, & M. A. Fugate (Eds.), Pro PHP Refactoring (pp. 47–55). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 2). The Secret to Ovulation is in Women’s Faces (But Men Can’t See it). IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Direct Student Loan Program: Management Actions Could Enhance Customer Service (GAO-04-107). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gada, K. K. (2015). Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, September 23). Matz Again Experiences Shoulder Symptoms. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huarte, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Calsbeek & Smith, 2003; Huarte, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Calsbeek & Smith, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Charlebois et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hochberg et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophical Psychology
AbbreviationPhilos. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0951-5089
ISSN (online)1465-394X
Applied Psychology

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