How to format your references using the Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2003). Proteomics technologies: probing the proteome. Nature, 424(6948), 581–587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson, M. E. V., & Hansson, G. C. (2011). Microbiology. Keeping bacteria at a distance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6053), 182–183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yartsev, M. M., Witter, M. P., & Ulanovsky, N. (2011). Grid cells without theta oscillations in the entorhinal cortex of bats. Nature, 479(7371), 103–107.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ai, W., Xie, L., Du, Z., Zeng, Z., Liu, J., Zhang, H., … Yu, T. (2013). A novel graphene-polysulfide anode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Scientific Reports, 3, 2341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon, J. (2017). Banach, Fréchet, Hilbert and Neumann Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chou, S.-Y., Trappey, A., Pokojski, J., & Smith, S. (Eds.). (2009). Global Perspective for Competitive Enterprise, Economy and Ecology: Proceedings of the 16th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lützen, J. (2013). The Interaction of Physics, Mechanics and Mathematics in Joseph Liouville’s Research. In E. Barbin & R. Pisano (Eds.), The Dialectic Relation Between Physics and Mathematics in the XIXth Century (pp. 79–96). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 6). Meet The Wakatobi Flowerpecker, A Newly Discovered Bird From Indonesia. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors’ Discretionary R&D Funds (No. T-RCED-91-25). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs, E. (2017). Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Kovaleski, S. F., & Coscarelli, J. (2016, May 4). Pain and Pills, and Help Too Late to Save Prince. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon, 2003; Johansson & Hansson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson & Hansson, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Yartsev, Witter, & Ulanovsky, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ai et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophical Psychology
AbbreviationPhilos. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0951-5089
ISSN (online)1465-394X
Applied Psychology

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