How to format your references using the Psychosomatic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosomatic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Romani RW. Astronomy. Pulsar beams--big and bright. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2014;344:159–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stewart I, Cohen J. Monolith. Nature. 2000;408:913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halpin A, Johnson PJM, Miller RJD. Comment on “Engineering coherence among excited states in synthetic heterodimer systems.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 2014;344:1099.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Siemens J, Zhou S, Piskorowski R, Nikai T, Lumpkin EA, Basbaum AI, King D, Julius D. Spider toxins activate the capsaicin receptor to produce inflammatory pain. Nature. 2006;444:208–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox HC, Higgins MC, Owens DK. Medical Decision Making. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Herrero Á, Baruque B, Klett F, Abraham A, Snášel V, Carvalho ACPLF de, Bringas PG, Zelinka I, Quintián H, Corchado E, editors. International Joint Conference SOCO’13-CISIS’13-ICEUTE’13: Salamanca, Spain, September 11th-13th, 2013 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XXXII, 741 p. 222 illus. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 239).
A chapter in an edited book
Behrndt J, Malamud MM, Neidhardt H. Finite Rank Perturbations, Scattering Matrices and Inverse Problems. In: Behrndt J, Förster K-H, Trunk C, editors. Recent Advances in Operator Theory in Hilbert and Krein Spaces. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2010. p. 61–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosomatic Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Farmers Of The Future Will Utilize Drones, Robots And GPS. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Potential Default and Cost Reduction Options. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jan. Report No.: HRD-88-52BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson E. Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Remembering the Phonograph. New York Times. 2015;C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosomatic Medicine
AbbreviationPsychosom. Med.
ISSN (print)0033-3174
ISSN (online)1534-7796
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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