How to format your references using the Psychosomatic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosomatic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Goodman S. Pressure grows over US blood ban. Nature. 2001;412:467.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Armstrong FA, Fontecilla-Camps JC. Biochemistry. A natural choice for activating hydrogen. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2008;321:498–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Benham-Pyle BW, Pruitt BL, Nelson WJ. Cell adhesion. Mechanical strain induces E-cadherin-dependent Yap1 and β-catenin activation to drive cell cycle entry. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2015;348:1024–27.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Subiaul F, Cantlon JF, Holloway RL, Terrace HS. Cognitive imitation in rhesus macaques. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2004;305:407–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ma AD, Roberts HR, Escobar MA. Hemophilia and Hemostasis. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Bandrauk AD, Lorin E, Moloney JV, editors. Laser Filamentation: Mathematical Methods and Models. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XII, 216 p. 82 illus., 76 illus. in color. (CRM Series in Mathematical Physics).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Frank AU. Why Is Scale an Effective Descriptor for Data Quality? The Physical and Ontological Rationale for Imprecision and Level of Detail. In: Navratil G, editor. Research Trends in Geographic Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 39–61. (Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosomatic Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Superpod Of More Than 1,000 Dolphins Spotted Off The Coast Of California. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/superpod-over-1000-seen-coast-california/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: Strategy for Evolving DOD’s Business Enterprise Architecture Offers a Conceptual Approach, but Execution Details Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-451.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Koons LM. An outreach program for homeless individuals: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Mets Fall to Braves, but Help Is Coming as Cespedes Is Set to Return. New York Times. 2017;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosomatic Medicine
AbbreviationPsychosom. Med.
ISSN (print)0033-3174
ISSN (online)1534-7796
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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