How to format your references using the Psychosomatic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosomatic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans A. Plant biology. Volatile defence. Nature. 2000;408:785.
A journal article with 2 authors
Genet C, Ebbesen TW. Light in tiny holes. Nature. 2007;445:39–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holman KT, Pivovar AM, Ward MD. Engineering crystal symmetry and polar order in molecular host frameworks. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2001;294:1907–11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Slavin JA, Anderson BJ, Baker DN, Benna M, Boardsen SA, Gloeckler G, Gold RE, Ho GC, Korth H, Krimigis SM, McNutt RL Jr, Nittler LR, Raines JM, Sarantos M, Schriver D, Solomon SC, Starr RD, Trávnícek PM, Zurbuchen TH. MESSENGER observations of extreme loading and unloading of Mercury’s magnetic tail. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2010;329:665–68.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown SR, Gregory WM, Twelves C, Brown J. A Practical Guide to Designing Phase II Trials in Oncology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Ribes R, Kuschnir P, Luna A, Vilanova JC, Jimenez-Hoyuela JM, editors. Learning Cardiac Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XIV, 151 p. 223 illus., 80 illus. in color. (Learning Imaging).
A chapter in an edited book
Geeraerts G, Heussner A, Praveen M, Raskin J-F. ω-Petri Nets. In: Colom J-M, Desel J, editors. Application and Theory of Petri Nets and Concurrency: 34th International Conference, PETRI NETS 2013, Milan, Italy, June 24-28, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 49–69. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, Naor M, Nierstrasz O, Pandu Rangan C, Steffen B, Sudan M, Terzopoulos D, Tygar D, Vardi MY, Weikum G, editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosomatic Medicine.

Blog post
Hamilton K. We Can Still Keep Global Warming Below 2℃ – But The Hard Work Is About To Start. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA Needs to Improve Process for Awarding Task Orders for Local Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Apr. Report No.: GAO-03-369.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culumber JJ. Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future [Doctoral dissertation]. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Victor Lownes, 88, Rake and Colleague of Hefner. New York Times. 2017;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosomatic Medicine
AbbreviationPsychosom. Med.
ISSN (print)0033-3174
ISSN (online)1534-7796
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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