How to format your references using the Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anders AM (2014) Earth science: rain on the parade. Nature 511:413–414
A journal article with 2 authors
Cermeño P, Falkowski PG (2009) Controls on diatom biogeography in the ocean. Science 325:1539–1541
A journal article with 3 authors
Donato F, Rompani SB, Caroni P (2013) Parvalbumin-expressing basket-cell network plasticity induced by experience regulates adult learning. Nature 504:272–276
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Su D, Xie X, Munroe P, et al (2014) Mesoporous hexagonal Co3O4 for high performance lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep 4:6519

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stamp M (2011) Information Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Haji-Othman NA, McLellan J, Deterding D (eds) (2016) The Use and Status of Language in Brunei Darussalam: A Kingdom of Unexpected Linguistic Diversity. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Garnier E, Adams N, Sagaut P (2009) Functional Modeling. In: Adams N, Sagaut P (eds) Large Eddy Simulation for Compressible Flows. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Giraffes Face “Silent Extinction” As Numbers Drop 40 Percent In 30 years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Medicaid and Special Education: Coordination of Services for Children With Disabilities Is Evolving. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang J (2013) Understanding the college experiences of Cambodian American students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M, Turkewitz J (2014) Charred Body of Kidnapped Man Is Found on Long Island. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anders 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cermeño and Falkowski 2009; Anders 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cermeño and Falkowski 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychopharmacology
AbbreviationPsychopharmacology (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0033-3158
ISSN (online)1432-2072

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