How to format your references using the Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spence JCH (2003) Materials science. Oxygen in crystals--seeing is believing. Science 299:839–841
A journal article with 2 authors
Chandonia J-M, Brenner SE (2006) The impact of structural genomics: expectations and outcomes. Science 311:347–351
A journal article with 3 authors
Bobrov K, Mayne AJ, Dujardin G (2001) Atomic-scale imaging of insulating diamond through resonant electron injection. Nature 413:616–619
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Park M, Penick EC, Edwards JG, et al (2004) Recycling endosomes supply AMPA receptors for LTP. Science 305:1972–1975

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts (2014) MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Jackman AL, Leamon CP (eds) (2011) Targeted Drug Strategies for Cancer and Inflammation. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Alpay D, Luna-Elizarrarás ME, Shapiro M, Struppa DC (2014) Linear Functionals and Linear Operators on $${\mathbb {B}}{\mathbb {C}}$$ B C -Modules. In: Luna-Elizarrarás ME, Shapiro M, Struppa DC (eds) Basics of Functional Analysis with Bicomplex Scalars, and Bicomplex Schur Analysis. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Male Beetles Who Have More Sex Are Actually More Socially Insecure. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Highway Trust Fund Expenditures on Purposes Other than Construction and Maintenance of Highways and Bridges during Fiscal Years 2004-2008. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iniguez D (2013) Mentoring through performing arts; A grant proposal for at risk youth in middle school. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Ruiz RR, Longman J (2016) Brazil’s Economic Woes Force Paralympic Cuts. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spence 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Spence 2003; Chandonia and Brenner 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chandonia and Brenner 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychopharmacology
AbbreviationPsychopharmacology (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0033-3158
ISSN (online)1432-2072

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