How to format your references using the Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes WJP (2007) Materials science. Biomimetic solutions to sticky problems. Science 318:203–204
A journal article with 2 authors
Cantalupo C, Hopkins WD (2001) Asymmetric Broca’s area in great apes. Nature 414:505
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui P, Tang M, Wu Z-X (2014) Message spreading in networks with stickiness and persistence: large clustering does not always facilitate large-scale diffusion. Sci Rep 4:6303
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zanin M, Alcazar JM, Carbajosa JV, et al (2014) Parenclitic networks: uncovering new functions in biological data. Sci Rep 4:5112

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson DA (2008) Forensic Procedures for Boundary and Title Investigation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Friedrich HE (2006) Magnesium Technology: Metallurgy, Design Data, Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
González ON, de Noya BA, Robertson LJ (2015) Epidemiological Factors Related to Foodborne Transmission of Chagas Disease. In: González O, Robertson LJ (eds) Trypanosoma cruzi as a Foodborne Pathogen. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 41–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Scientists Announce Bold Plan To Sequence The Genome Of Every Living Species. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Building Partner Capacity: Actions Needed to Strengthen DOD Efforts to Assess the Performance of the Regional Centers for Security Studies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holloway CM (2015) Evaluating five leadership traits in the rising stars succession planning program. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) The Rapper Future Sets a Billboard Record. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnes 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cantalupo and Hopkins 2001; Barnes 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cantalupo and Hopkins 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zanin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychopharmacology
AbbreviationPsychopharmacology (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0033-3158
ISSN (online)1432-2072

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