How to format your references using the Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Rourke D (2014) The science of sustainable supply chains. Science 344:1124–1127
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosh B, Urban MW (2009) Self-repairing oxetane-substituted chitosan polyurethane networks. Science 323:1458–1460
A journal article with 3 authors
Logvenov G, Gozar A, Bozovic I (2009) High-temperature superconductivity in a single copper-oxygen plane. Science 326:699–702
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kemp AIS, Hawkesworth CJ, Foster GL, et al (2007) Magmatic and crustal differentiation history of granitic rocks from Hf-O isotopes in zircon. Science 315:980–983

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Remy J-G, Letamendia C (2014) LTE Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Luenberger DG (2016) Linear and Nonlinear Programming, 4th ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Babad E (2007) Teachers’ Nonverbal Behavior and its Effects on Students. In: Smart JC (ed) Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 219–279

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) This Water-Powered CubeSat Might Be Sent To The Moon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Weather Forecasting: NWS Has Not Demonstrated That New Processing System Will Improve Mission Effectiveness. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thom RR (2008) Beyond the numbers: A phenomenological study of intangible assets for small manufacturing business valuation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved J (2017) Model Makes A Stand With Feminist Art. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Rourke 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ghosh and Urban 2009; O’Rourke 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghosh and Urban 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kemp et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychopharmacology
AbbreviationPsychopharmacology (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0033-3158
ISSN (online)1432-2072

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