How to format your references using the Psychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Bricks and mortar. Scandinavia’s material gains. Nature 429:906
A journal article with 2 authors
Massol F, Crochet P-A (2008) Do animal personalities emerge? Nature 451:E8-9; discussion E9-10
A journal article with 3 authors
Kielpinski D, Monroe C, Wineland DJ (2002) Architecture for a large-scale ion-trap quantum computer. Nature 417:709–711
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Parigi V, Zavatta A, Kim M, Bellini M (2007) Probing quantum commutation rules by addition and subtraction of single photons to/from a light field. Science 317:1890–1893

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagliamonte SA (2015) Making Waves. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Compagnone D, Baldini F, Di Natale C, et al (eds) (2015) Sensors: Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Sensors, Rome 19-21 February, 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
De la Prieta F, De Paz Santana JF, Gil AB, Boureux M (2012) Retrieving Learning Resources over the Cloud. In: Uden L, Corchado Rodríguez ES, De Paz Santana JF, De la Prieta F (eds) Workshop on Learning Technology for Education in Cloud (LTEC’12). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychopharmacology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Are Infectious Diseases Spreading Through Bat Caves And Bat Meat In West Africa? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Job Corps Costs and Outcomes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright EA (2012) Assessing Leadership Behaviors and Demographic Characteristics of Project Managers Associated Through LinkedIn. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S, Kanter J (2017) Austria’s Rightward Lurch Reflects Europe’s New Anti-Immigration Leanings. New York Times A5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Massol and Crochet 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Massol and Crochet 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Parigi et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychopharmacology
AbbreviationPsychopharmacology (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0033-3158
ISSN (online)1432-2072

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