How to format your references using the Psychosomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosomatics (PSYM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic P: Neurobiology. Neurocreationism--making new cortical maps. Science 2001; 294(5544): 1011–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeLong EF, Karl DM: Genomic perspectives in microbial oceanography. Nature 2005; 437(7057): 336–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zerbino DR, Paten B, Haussler D: Integrating genomes. Science 2012; 336(6078): 179–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Daniel JA, Santos MA, Wang Z, et al: PTIP promotes chromatin changes critical for immunoglobulin class switch recombination. Science 2010; 329(5994): 917–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sapienza AM: Managing Scientists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Griffiths N, Chao K-M, editors.: Agent-Based Service-Oriented Computing. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Liebel M: From Evolving Capacities to Evolving Capabilities: Contextualizing Children’s Rights. In: Stoecklin D, and Bonvin J-M, editors. Children’s Rights and the Capability Approach: Challenges and Prospects. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosomatics.

Blog post
Andrew D: Growing Use Of Smart Drugs By Students Could Be A Recipe For Disaster. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: New Alien Identification System--Little Help in Stopping Illegal Aliens. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward CS: Movin’ Around. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S: Still a Fan Favorite. New York Times 2000: D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosomatics
ISSN (print)0033-3182
ISSN (online)1545-7206
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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