How to format your references using the Psychosomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosomatics (PSYM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Anderson PW: Thinking big. Nature 2005; 437(7059): 625.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Foster DJ, Wilson MA: Reverse replay of behavioural sequences in hippocampal place cells during the awake state. Nature 2006; 440(7084): 680–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Zhao BS, Meijer G, Schöllkopf W: Quantum reflection of He2 several nanometers above a grating surface. Science 2011; 331(6019): 892–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Engel GS, Calhoun TR, Read EL, et al: Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems. Nature 2007; 446(7137): 782–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Pick JB: Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1
Frenking G, editor.: Theoretical Aspects of Transition Metal Catalysis: -/-. vol. 12. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Katz NM: Another Look at the Dwork Family. In: Tschinkel Y, and Zarhin Y, editors. Algebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry: Volume II: In Honor of Yu. I. Manin. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2009. p. 89–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosomatics.

Blog post
1
Andrew D: New Hope For People Obsessed With Amputating One Of Their Own Limbs. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-hope-for-people-obsessed-with-amputating-one-of-their-own-limbs/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Highway Safety: Foresight Issues Challenge DOT’s Efforts to Assess and Respond to New Technology-Based Trends. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Cervantes I: Flexural retrofitting of reinforced concrete structures using Green Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer plates. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Gustines GG: Where the Artists Have Superpowers. New York Times 2012: BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosomatics
AbbreviationPsychosomatics
ISSN (print)0033-3182
ISSN (online)1545-7206
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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