How to format your references using the Psychosomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosomatics (PSYM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Corbyn Z: Science education: Research on the reservation. Nature 2011; 471(7336): 25–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Fox BW, Tibbetts RS: Neurodegeneration: Problems at the nuclear pore. Nature 2015; 525(7567): 36–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Telford RJ, Vandvik V, Birks HJB: Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies. Science 2006; 312(5776): 1015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Rutgers LV, van der Borg K, de Jong AFM, Poole I: Radiocarbon dating: Jewish inspiration of Christian catacombs. Nature 2005; 436(7049): 339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ratzliff A, Unutzer J, Katon W, Stephens KA: Integrated Care. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1
Szolnoki G, Thach L, Kolb D, editors.: Successful Social Media and Ecommerce Strategies in the Wine Industry. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Moussa R: Big-SeqDB-Gen: A Formal and Scalable Approach for Parallel Generation of Big Synthetic Sequence Databases. In: Nambiar R, and Poess M, editors. Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking: Traditional to Big Data to Internet of Things: 7th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2015, Kohala Coast, HI, USA, August 31 – September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosomatics.

Blog post
1
Andrews R: Energy Department’s Climate Office Banned From Using Phrase “Climate Change.” IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/environment/energy-department-climate-office-banned-phrase-climate-change/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: [Department of the Interior: Migratory Bird Hunting Final Rule]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Ghosh DD: Audio Watermarking Using DWT Algorithm and Symmetric Key Cryptography. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
(nyt) SK: World Briefing | Asia: China And Russia Plan First Joint Military Exercise. New York Times 2004: A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosomatics
AbbreviationPsychosomatics
ISSN (print)0033-3182
ISSN (online)1545-7206
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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