How to format your references using the Psychosomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosomatics (PSYM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J: Roger Payne profile. A toxic odyssey. Science 2004; 304(5677): 1584–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fredrick K, Noller HF: Catalysis of ribosomal translocation by sparsomycin. Science 2003; 300(5622): 1159–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebedev S, Chevrot S, van der Hilst RD: Seismic evidence for olivine phase changes at the 410- and 660-kilometer discontinuities. Science 2002; 296(5571): 1300–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu R, Maduro M, Li F, et al: Animal virus replication and RNAi-mediated antiviral silencing in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 2005; 436(7053): 1040–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoker JJ: Differential Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1988.
An edited book
Seki T, Sawamoto K, Parent JM, Alvarez-Buylla A, editors.: Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain I: Neurobiology. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Voloder L: Secularism, Society, and Symbols of Religion: Bosnian Muslim Australians Encounter Christmas. In: Manderson L, Smith W, and Tomlinson M, editors. Flows of Faith: Religious Reach and Community in Asia and the Pacific. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosomatics.

Blog post
Andrew E: Best Measurement Yet of the Universe’s Expansion. IFLScience. Available at’s-expansion/. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shan J: A Theoretical Investigation of Radial Lateral Wells with Shockwave Completion in Shale Gas Reservoirs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling MK: The Look of ’70s SoHo — Captured in One Apartment. New York Times 2017: M2240.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosomatics
ISSN (print)0033-3182
ISSN (online)1545-7206
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology

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