How to format your references using the Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bentley, D. R. (2004). Genomes for medicine. Nature, 429(6990), 440–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, M. R., & Choi, B. C. (2001). Advances in magnetic microscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1484–1488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ambrose, K. V., Koppenhöfer, A. M., & Belanger, F. C. (2014). Horizontal gene transfer of a bacterial insect toxin gene into the Epichloë fungal symbionts of grasses. Scientific Reports, 4, 5562.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Keenlyside, N. S., Latif, M., Jungclaus, J., Kornblueh, L., & Roeckner, E. (2008). Advancing decadal-scale climate prediction in the North Atlantic sector. Nature, 453(7191), 84–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2014). Guidelines for Determining the Probability of Ignition of a Released Flammable Mass. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Psaila, G., & Wagner, R. (Eds.). (2007). E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 8th International Conference, EC-Web 2007, Regensburg, Germany, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4655). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hue, P. T. B., Wohlgemuth, S., Echizen, I., Thuy, D. T. B., & Thuc, N. D. (2010). Fine-Grained Access Control for Electronic Health Record Systems. In T.-H. Kim, J. Ma, W.-C. Fang, B. Park, B.-H. Kang, & D. Ślęzak (Eds.), U- and E-Service, Science and Technology: International Conference UNESST 2010, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 13-15, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 31–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, February 8). Red Dwarf Planets Might Not Be That Habitable After All. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Federal Research: Superconducting Super Collider’s Total Estimated Cost Will Exceed $11 Billion (T-RCED-93-57). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swann, E. (2014). Adult learning for healthy aging: An investigation of health literacy and technology use in older adults [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, August 17). Carmen de Lavallade Skips Trump Reception. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bentley, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bentley, 2004; Freeman & Choi, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freeman & Choi, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Ambrose et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Keenlyside et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain
ISSN (print)0275-3987
ISSN (online)2162-1535

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