How to format your references using the Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liu, J. (2015). Disease outbreak: Finish the fight against Ebola. Nature, 524(7563), 27–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark, A. G., & Messer, P. W. (2015). Evolutionary genomics. Conundrum of jumbled mosquito genomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6217), 27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland, N. D., Holland, L. Z., & Holland, P. W. H. (2015). Scenarios for the making of vertebrates. Nature, 520(7548), 450–455.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Talapin, D. V., Shevchenko, E. V., Bodnarchuk, M. I., Ye, X., Chen, J., & Murray, C. B. (2009). Quasicrystalline order in self-assembled binary nanoparticle superlattices. Nature, 461(7266), 964–967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bishop, C. A. (2015). Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Purcell, J., Mianzan, H., & Frost, J. R. (Eds.). (2012). Jellyfish Blooms IV: Interactions with humans and fisheries (Vol. 220). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertella, E., & Vitacca, M. (2010). Pressure Support Ventilation. In A. M. Esquinas (Ed.), Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications (pp. 21–26). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 27). Male Jumping Spiders Square Off Against Animated Rivals. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of Transformation and Issues Associated with Midterm Implementation of Capabilities (GAO-09-479T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldstein, J. (2012). Murder in Colonial Albany: European and Indian Responses to Cross-Cultural Murders [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, January 20). Offering Fresh Weapons Against Test Anxiety. New York Times, LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liu, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Clark & Messer, 2015; Liu, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clark & Messer, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Holland et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Talapin et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain
ISSN (print)0275-3987
ISSN (online)2162-1535

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