How to format your references using the Frontiers in Movement Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Movement Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lodge, T. P. (2008). Materials science. A unique platform for materials design. Science 321, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaudet, J., and Mango, S. E. (2002). Regulation of organogenesis by the Caenorhabditis elegans FoxA protein PHA-4. Science 295, 821–825.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rocha, P. P., Chaumeil, J., and Skok, J. A. (2013). Molecular biology. Finding the right partner in a 3D genome. Science 342, 1333–1334.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carpenter, S. R., Cole, J. J., Pace, M. L., Batt, R., Brock, W. A., Cline, T., et al. (2011). Early warnings of regime shifts: a whole-ecosystem experiment. Science 332, 1079–1082.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Overhauser, A. (2010). Anomalous Effects in Simple Metals. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hassink, J., and Van Dijk, M. eds. (2006). FARMING FOR HEALTH. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
McGee, S., and Baudendistel, D. (2013). “Chiari Malformation and Syringomyelia,” in Nursing Care of the Pediatric Neurosurgery Patient, eds. C. C. Cartwright and D. C. Wallace (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 141–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Movement Disorders.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). This Lake In Venezuela Is The World’s 'Lightning Capital”. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011). DHS Research and Development: Science and Technology Directorate’s Test and Evaluation and Reorganization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamoun, A. (2010). Molecular characterization of a subset of KRAB-ZFPs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). Backman Will Not Return as Mets’ Class AAA Manager. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lodge, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gaudet and Mango, 2002; Lodge, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaudet and Mango, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Carpenter et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Movement Disorders
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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