How to format your references using the Frontiers in Movement Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Movement Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petsko, G. (2010). Save university arts from the bean counters. Nature 468, 1003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Verheyden, J. M., and Sun, X. (2008). An Fgf/Gremlin inhibitory feedback loop triggers termination of limb bud outgrowth. Nature 454, 638–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsui, K., Yoshida, H., and Ikuhara, Y. (2014). Nanocrystalline, ultra-degradation-resistant zirconia: its grain boundary nanostructure and nanochemistry. Sci. Rep. 4, 4758.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Feng, Y., Liu, H., Wang, P., Ye, F., Tan, Q., and Yang, J. (2014). Enhancing the electrocatalytic property of hollow structured platinum nanoparticles for methanol oxidation through a hybrid construction. Sci. Rep. 4, 6204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seifert, R. J. (2015). Profiting from Weekly Options. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Guang, X. (2014). Linear Network Error Correction Coding. , ed. Z. Zhang New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, J.-Z., Ma, H.-Y., and Zhou, M.-D. (2006). “Vorticity Dynamics in Flow Separation,” in Vorticity and Vortex Dynamics, eds. H.-Y. Ma and M.-D. Zhou (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 201–252.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Movement Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). First Step Taken Toward Anti-Aging Drug. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Freight Rail Pricing: Contracts Provide Shippers and Railroads Flexibility, but High Rates Concern Some Shippers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mylonas, A. (2014). “Women are the pillars of the family”: Athenian women’s survival strategies during economic crisis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., and Kirkpatrick, D. D. (2007). Justices Loosen Ad Restrictions In Campaign Law. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petsko, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Verheyden and Sun, 2008; Petsko, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Verheyden and Sun, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Feng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Movement Disorders
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles