How to format your references using the Frontiers in Movement Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Movement Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Munk, W. (2003). Ocean science. Ocean freshening, sea level rising. Science 300, 2041–2043.
A journal article with 2 authors
Han, J. S., and Boeke, J. D. (2004). A highly active synthetic mammalian retrotransposon. Nature 429, 314–318.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parkinson, G. N., Lee, M. P. H., and Neidle, S. (2002). Crystal structure of parallel quadruplexes from human telomeric DNA. Nature 417, 876–880.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hood, L., Heath, J. R., Phelps, M. E., and Lin, B. (2004). Systems biology and new technologies enable predictive and preventative medicine. Science 306, 640–643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales, L.-J. (2005). Immunology for Life Scientists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Summergrad, P., and Kathol, R. G. eds. (2014). Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Siddique, R., and Iqbal Khan, M. (2011). “Metakaolin,” in Supplementary Cementing Materials Engineering Materials., ed. M. I. Khan (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 175–230.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Movement Disorders.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Louisiana Wetlands Experiencing Sea Level Rise Four Times The Global Average. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). No Child Left Behind Act: More Information Would Help States Determine Which Teachers Are Highly Qualified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan, S. A. (2010). Ecopoetry and ecocentrism: The poetics of Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998). Bikes That Roll Toward Jobs. New York Times, 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Munk, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Han and Boeke, 2004; Munk, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Han and Boeke, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hood et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Movement Disorders
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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