How to format your references using the Psychometrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychometrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schimpf, D. (2000). A benefit of being big. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5491), 453c.
A journal article with 2 authors
Czakó, G., & Bowman, J. M. (2011). Dynamics of the reaction of methane with chlorine atom on an accurate potential energy surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6054), 343–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanner, C., Manca, C., & Leutwyler, S. (2003). Probing the threshold to H atom transfer along a hydrogen-bonded ammonia wire. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5651), 1736–1739.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brown, J. H., Whitham, T. G., Morgan Ernest, S. K., & Gehring, C. A. (2001). Complex species interactions and the dynamics of ecological systems: long-term experiments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 643–650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, P., & Kempner, M. (2015). 50 Great Myths of Human Sexuality. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fisher, R. B., Chen-Burger, Y.-H., Giordano, D., Hardman, L., & Lin, F.-P. (Eds.). (2016). Fish4Knowledge: Collecting and Analyzing Massive Coral Reef Fish Video Data (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 104). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bondyra, A., Gardecki, S., Gąsior, P., & Kasiński, A. (2015). Falcon: A Compact Multirotor Flying Platform with High Load Capability. In R. Szewczyk, C. Zieliński, & M. Kaliczyńska (Eds.), Progress in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques: Volume 2 Robotics (pp. 35–44). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychometrika.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, July 6). Health Check: What Are The Risks Of Drinking Before You Know You’re Pregnant? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Transportation Accessibility: Lack of Data and Limited Enforcement Options Limit Federal Oversight (No. GAO-07-1126). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoover, J. H. (2009). The Arizona water-energy nexus: Electricity for water and wastewater services (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, June 23). The Incredible Shrinking White House Briefing. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schimpf 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Czakó and Bowman 2011; Schimpf 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Czakó and Bowman 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychometrika
ISSN (print)0033-3123
ISSN (online)1860-0980
ScopeApplied Mathematics
General Psychology

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