How to format your references using the Psychometrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychometrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, M. (2013). Regenerative medicine: Rebuilding the backbone. Nature, 503(7475), S7-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kilpatrick, A. M., & Ives, A. R. (2003). Species interactions can explain Taylor’s power law for ecological time series. Nature, 422(6927), 65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkovich, G., Fouxon, A., & Stepanov, M. G. (2002). Acceleration of rain initiation by cloud turbulence. Nature, 419(6903), 151–154.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Yao, Y., Chen, C.-Y., Moon, K., Wang, H., & Wong, C.-P. (2014). The use of polyimide-modified aluminum nitride fillers in AlN@PI/epoxy composites with enhanced thermal conductivity for electronic encapsulation. Scientific reports, 4, 4779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tang, C. (2016). The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ishikawa, M., Doya, K., Miyamoto, H., & Yamakawa, T. (Eds.). (2008). Neural Information Processing: 14th International Conference, ICONIP 2007, Kitakyushu, Japan, November 13-16, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Part I (Vol. 4984). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brehmer, M. (2014). PNL: Indications and Guidelines: Stenosis and Tumours. In C. M. Scoffone, A. Hoznek, & C. M. Cracco (Eds.), Supine Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and ECIRS: The New Way of Interpreting PNL (pp. 33–40). Paris: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychometrika.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 1). Connecting Animals To The Cloud Could Help Predict Earthquakes. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Airline Labor Relations: Information on Trends and Impact of Labor Actions (No. GAO-03-652). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karriem, K. L. (2010). The relationship between stress and emotional intelligence among direct-care workers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2006, December 3). No-Frills Cuban Fare, and Cheer. New York Times, p. NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kilpatrick and Ives 2003; May 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kilpatrick and Ives 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychometrika
ISSN (print)0033-3123
ISSN (online)1860-0980
ScopeApplied Mathematics
General Psychology

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