How to format your references using the Psychometrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychometrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2011). Genetics: finding risk factors. Nature, 475(7355), S20-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Binder, G. K., & Griffin, D. E. (2001). Interferon-gamma-mediated site-specific clearance of alphavirus from CNS neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 303–306.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beaber, J. W., Hochhut, B., & Waldor, M. K. (2004). SOS response promotes horizontal dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes. Nature, 427(6969), 72–74.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nirenberg, S., Carcieri, S. M., Jacobs, A. L., & Latham, P. E. (2001). Retinal ganglion cells act largely as independent encoders. Nature, 411(6838), 698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kindmann, R., & Krüger, U. (2013). Stahlbau. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Mordeson, J. N. (2005). Fuzzy Group Theory. (K. R. Bhutani & A. Rosenfeld, Eds.) (Vol. 182). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alferes, J. J., Banti, F., & Brogi, A. (2006). An Event-Condition-Action Logic Programming Language. In M. Fisher, W. van der Hoek, B. Konev, & A. Lisitsa (Eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence: 10th European Conference, JELIA 2006 Liverpool, UK, September 13-15, 2006 Proceedings (pp. 29–42). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychometrika.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, June 4). Was Peter Thiel’s Funding Of The Gawker Case An Abuse Of Legal Process? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). School Dropouts: Education Could Play a Stronger Role in Identifying and Disseminating Promising Prevention Strategies (No. GAO-02-240). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felarca, C. U. (2012). A burning problem: Skin protection practices among college nursing students and non-nursing college students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2010, September 3). Harrisburg Expects to Miss a Bond Payment. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Binder and Griffin 2001; Eisenstein 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Binder and Griffin 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Nirenberg et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychometrika
ISSN (print)0033-3123
ISSN (online)1860-0980
ScopeApplied Mathematics
General Psychology

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