How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rocha, B. (2005) Comment on ‘Thymic origin of intestinal alphabeta T cells revealed by fate mapping of RORgammat+ cells’. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308, 1553; author reply 1553.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jensen, L.J. and Bork, P. (2008) Biochemistry. Not comparable, but complementary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322, 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ledingham, K.W.D., McKenna, P. and Singhal, R.P. (2003) Applications for nuclear phenomena generated by ultra-intense lasers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300, 1107–1111.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shirt-Ediss, B., Ruiz-Mirazo, K., Mavelli, F. and Solé, R.V. (2014) Modelling lipid competition dynamics in heterogeneous protocell populations. Scientific reports, 4, 5675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bruen, A.A. and Forcinito, M.A. (2004) Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1. Fahrenberg, U. and Tripakis, S. (eds) (2011) Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems: 9th International Conference, FORMATS 2011, Aalborg, Denmark, September 21-23, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Samavi, R., Consens, M.P. and Topaloglou, T. (2013) A Privacy Framework for the Personal Web. In Chignell, M., Cordy, J.R., Kealey, R., Ng, J., Yesha, Y. (eds), The Personal Web: A Research Agenda. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 87–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Fang, J. (2015) Life’s Building Blocks May Have Arisen Simultaneously. IFLScience, March 17, 2015. (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1992) Intermodal Freight Transportation: Combined Rail-Truck Service Offers Public Benefits, but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gomez, V.A. (2017) La Lucha Sigue: Undocumented Students Challenging Anti-Immigrant Discourses. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner, J. (2016) Patchwork Mets Give Their Playoff Hopes a Boost. New York Times, August 31, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0146-4760
ISSN (online)1945-2403
ScopeChemical Health and Safety
Analytical Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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