How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Elderfield, H. (2002) Climate change. Carbonate mysteries. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296, 1618–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Evans, J. and Rzhetsky, A. (2010) Philosophy of science. Machine science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329, 399–400.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Van Valkenburgh, B., Wang, X. and Damuth, J. (2004) Cope’s rule, hypercarnivory, and extinction in North American canids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306, 101–104.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Guite, C., Kerk, I.S., Chandra Sekhar, M., Ramu, M., Goolaup, S. and Lew, W.S. (2014) All-electrical deterministic single domain wall generation for on-chip applications. Scientific reports, 4, 7459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Eligehausen, R., Mallée, R. and Silva, J.F. (2012) Anchorage in Concrete Construction. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
1. Levizzani, V., Bauer, P. and Turk, F.J. (eds) (2007) Measuring Precipitation From Space: EURAINSAT and the Future. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Makino, J. (2013) GRAPE and GRAPE-DR. In Yuen, D.A., Wang, L., Chi, X., Johnsson, L., Ge, W., Shi, Y. (eds), GPU Solutions to Multi-scale Problems in Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Andrew, E. (2015) Women Preferred For STEM Professorships – As Long As They’re Equal To Or Better Than Male Candidates. IFLScience, October 22, 2015. (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1978) The Proper Use of Consultants, Experts, and Contractors. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wilson, E.M. (2017) Lessons Learned from the Gender Wage Gap in the Federal Workforce: Structural Changes and Temporal Flexibility are Only the First Step to Equality. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin, J. (2017) ‘Bachelor in Paradise’ To Resume Taping. New York Times, June 20, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0146-4760
ISSN (online)1945-2403
ScopeChemical Health and Safety
Analytical Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles