How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Assmann, S.M. (2005) G proteins Go green: a plant G protein signaling FAQ sheet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310, 71–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mulligan, S.J. and MacVicar, B.A. (2004) Calcium transients in astrocyte endfeet cause cerebrovascular constrictions. Nature, 431, 195–199.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Opher, M., Stone, E.C. and Gombosi, T.I. (2007) The orientation of the local interstellar magnetic field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316, 875–878.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang, J., Yan, S., Sluyter, R., Li, W., Alici, G. and Nguyen, N.-T. (2014) Inertial particle separation by differential equilibrium positions in a symmetrical serpentine micro-channel. Scientific reports, 4, 4527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Coleman, D.D., Westcott, D.A. and Harkins, B.E. (2016) CWSP®: Certified Wireless Security Professional Study Guide CWSP-205. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
1. Mohammad, A. (ed) (2012) Green Solvents I: Properties and Applications in Chemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Grioli, G. (2011) Sistemi A Trasformazioni Reversibili. In Grioli, G., Truesdell, C. (eds), Non-linear Continuum Theories. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 109–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Hale, T. (2016) Miners Unearth Massive Jade Stone Worth $170 million. IFLScience, October 17, 2016. (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2005) Charter Schools: Oversight Practices in the District of Columbia. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Borogovac, A. (2010) Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse, L. (2006) Justices Weigh Whether Railroad Retaliated Against Worker. New York Times, April 18, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0146-4760
ISSN (online)1945-2403
ScopeChemical Health and Safety
Analytical Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles