How to format your references using the Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moczek, A. P. (2011). Nature 473, 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kulesa, P. M. & Fraser, S. E. (2002). Science 298, 991–995.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cook-Deegan, R., Chandrasekharan, S. & Angrist, M. (2009). Nature 458, 405–406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petersen, P. H., Zou, K., Hwang, J. K., Jan, Y. N. & Zhong, W. (2002). Nature 419, 929–934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wystup, U. (2006). FX Options and Structured Products Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Pei, C. (2015). China’s Outbound Foreign Direct Investment Promotion System Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, D., Hassaneen-Mostafa, W. & Tsimpas, A. (2016). Vol. Anticoagulation and Hemostasis in Neurosurgery, edited by C. M. Loftus. pp. 55–64. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology Communications.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975). Department of Labor’s Past and Future Role in Offender Rehabilitation Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moran, J. A. (2009). Investigating the circumstellar environments of young stars with the PROMPT polarimeter. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Villarosa, L. (2017). New York Times MM38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moczek, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Moczek, 2011; Kulesa & Fraser, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kulesa & Fraser, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Petersen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology Communications
AbbreviationActa Crystallogr. F Struct. Biol. Commun.
ISSN (online)2053-230X
Structural Biology
Condensed Matter Physics

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