How to format your references using the Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kellermann, K. I. (2003). Obituary: Grote Reber (1911-2002). Nature, 421(6923), 596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmiedmayer, J., & Berges, J. (2013). Physics. Cold atom cosmology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6151), 1188–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sha, W. E. I., Li, X., & Choy, W. C. H. (2014). Breaking the space charge limit in organic solar cells by a novel plasmonic-electrical concept. Scientific Reports, 4, 6236.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
He, L., Sok, D., Azadnia, P., Hsueh, J., Landais, E., Simek, M., Koff, W. C., Poignard, P., Burton, D. R., & Zhu, J. (2014). Toward a more accurate view of human B-cell repertoire by next-generation sequencing, unbiased repertoire capture and single-molecule barcoding. Scientific Reports, 4, 6778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maloberti, F. (2011). Understanding Microelectronics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Perbal, A., Takigawa, M., & Perbal, B. (Eds.). (2010). CCN Proteins in Health and Disease: An Overview of the Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Setaro, S., Suárez, J. P., Herrera, P., Cruz, D., & Kottke, I. (2013). Distinct but Closely Related Sebacinales form Mycorrhizae with Coexisting Ericaceae and Orchidaceae in a Neotropical Mountain Area. In A. Varma, G. Kost, & R. Oelmüller (Eds.), Piriformospora indica: Sebacinales and Their Biotechnological Applications (pp. 81–105). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 3). Is Yellowstone About To Erupt? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1968). Why Is GAO Necessary and What Does It Hope To Accomplish? (No. 094489). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garishe, S. S. (2017). Protocol for file sharing in mobile ad hoc networks [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 26). Bugs. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kellermann, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kellermann, 2003; Schmiedmayer & Berges, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmiedmayer & Berges, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Sha et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (He et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
AbbreviationPsychol. Sex. Orientat. Gend. Divers.
ISSN (print)2329-0382
ISSN (online)2329-0390

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