How to format your references using the Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shoichet, B. K. (2004). Virtual screening of chemical libraries. Nature, 432(7019), 862–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Madix, R. J., & Friend, C. M. (2011). Interfacial chemistry: gold’s enigmatic surface. Nature, 479(7374), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackermann, M., Stearns, S. C., & Jenal, U. (2003). Senescence in a bacterium with asymmetric division. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1920.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Salahudeen, A. A., Thompson, J. W., Ruiz, J. C., Ma, H.-W., Kinch, L. N., Li, Q., … Bruick, R. K. (2009). An E3 ligase possessing an iron-responsive hemerythrin domain is a regulator of iron homeostasis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5953), 722–726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruen, A. A., & Forcinito, M. A. (2004). Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rossikhin, Y. A. (2011). Dynamic Response of Pre-Stressed Spatially Curved Thin-Walled Beams of Open Profile. (M. V. Shitikova, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bacigalupo, J., Delgado, R., Muñoz, Y., & O’Day, P. (2015). TRP Channels in Visual Transduction. In R. Madrid & J. Bacigalupo (Eds.), TRP Channels in Sensory Transduction (pp. 97–109). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 18). Cheap, Efficient Electrodes Open Path For Hydrogen Fuel. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Airport Financing: Annual Funding As Much As $3 Billion Less Than Planned Development (No. T-RCED-99-84). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, H. (2008). Studies of Zeolite-Based Artificial Photosynthetic Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, January 6). Taming the Biblical Plagues Of Mud and Frogs at a Meadow. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shoichet, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Madix & Friend, 2011; Shoichet, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Madix & Friend, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Ackermann, Stearns, & Jenal, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Salahudeen et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
AbbreviationPsychol. Sex. Orientat. Gend. Divers.
ISSN (print)2329-0382
ISSN (online)2329-0390

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