How to format your references using the Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2009). Beware politicians bearing gifts. Nature, 457(7230), 649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Glass, K., & Girvan, M. (2014). Annotation enrichment analysis: an alternative method for evaluating the functional properties of gene sets. Scientific Reports, 4, 4191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia, S., Noma, K.-I., & Grewal, S. I. S. (2004). RNAi-independent heterochromatin nucleation by the stress-activated ATF/CREB family proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1971–1976.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kumar, A., Godwin, J. W., Gates, P. B., Garza-Garcia, A. A., & Brockes, J. P. (2007). Molecular basis for the nerve dependence of limb regeneration in an adult vertebrate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), 772–777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanlari, R., & Fard, M. S. (2015). FIDIC Plant and Design-Build Form of Contract Illustrated. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hall, R. D. (2005). Russia’s Cosmonauts: Inside the Yuri Gagarin Training Center (D. J. Shayler & B. Vis, Eds.). Praxis.
A chapter in an edited book
German, J. (2009). Lead Time, Customers, and Technology: Technology Opportunities and Limits on the Rate of Deployment. In J. S. Cannon & D. Sperling (Eds.), Reducing Climate Impacts in the Transportation Sector (pp. 73–100). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 5). Triceratops Teeth Become Plant-Slicing Knives as They Strategically Wear Down With Use. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). GAO Reports Concerning Federal Student Financial Aid Programs (No. 117445). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gittens, B. E. (2009). Perceptions of the applicability of transformational leadership behavior to the leader role of academic department chairs: A study of selected universities in Virginia [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2006, June 4). Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times, 14WC7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Glass & Girvan, 2014; Goldston, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Glass & Girvan, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Jia et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kumar et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
AbbreviationPsychol. Sex. Orientat. Gend. Divers.
ISSN (print)2329-0382
ISSN (online)2329-0390

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