How to format your references using the Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canup, R. M. (2010). Origin of Saturn’s rings and inner moons by mass removal from a lost Titan-sized satellite. Nature, 468(7326), 943–946.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishida, H., & Sawada, K. (2001). macho-1 encodes a localized mRNA in ascidian eggs that specifies muscle fate during embryogenesis. Nature, 409(6821), 724–729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hempson, G. P., Archibald, S., & Bond, W. J. (2015). A continent-wide assessment of the form and intensity of large mammal herbivory in Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6264), 1056–1061.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pan, X., Lührmann, A., Satoh, A., Laskowski-Arce, M. A., & Roy, C. R. (2008). Ankyrin repeat proteins comprise a diverse family of bacterial type IV effectors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1651–1654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Razik, H. (2013). Handbook of Asynchronous Machine with Variable Speed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Golovin, A. (2008). Russian Models from the Mechanisms Collection of Bauman University (V. Tarabarin, Ed.; Vol. 5). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Möller, B., & Rupp, A. (2008). Faster Multi-exponentiation through Caching: Accelerating (EC)DSA Signature Verification. In R. Ostrovsky, R. D. Prisco, & I. Visconti (Eds.), Security and Cryptography for Networks: 6th International Conference, SCN 2008, Amalfi, Italy, September 10-12, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 39–56). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 4). Hitchhiking Robot Is Decapitated And Left In A Ditch After Just Two Weeks. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Unemployment Insurance: Various Factors Affect Head Start and Other Early Childhood Teachers’ Eligibility for Benefits (GAO-17-34). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bible, P. W. (2013). Integrating Heterogeneous Datasets for Functional Profiling of Transcription Factors and Their Target Genes [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, September 13). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Archbishop Appeals To Rights Groups. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canup, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Canup, 2010; Nishida & Sawada, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishida & Sawada, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Hempson et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
AbbreviationPsychol. Sex. Orientat. Gend. Divers.
ISSN (print)2329-0382
ISSN (online)2329-0390

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