How to format your references using the Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2001). Concern raised for missing biologist. Nature, 414(6863), 475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lehner, N., & Howk, J. C. (2011). A reservoir of ionized gas in the galactic halo to sustain star formation in the Milky Way. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6058), 955–958.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tregenza, T., Butlin, R. K., & Wedell, N. (2000). Sexual conflict and speciation. Nature, 407(6801), 149–150.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Drinnenberg, I. A., Weinberg, D. E., Xie, K. T., Mower, J. P., Wolfe, K. H., Fink, G. R., & Bartel, D. P. (2009). RNAi in budding yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5952), 544–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogg, R. M., & Fulk, R. D. (2011). A Grammar of Old English. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Besse, C., & Garreau, J.-C. (Eds.). (2015). Nonlinear Optical and Atomic Systems: At the Interface of Physics and Mathematics (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 2146). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdulla, P. A., Ben Henda, N., de Alfaro, L., Mayr, R., & Sandberg, S. (2008). Stochastic Games with Lossy Channels. In R. Amadio (Ed.), Foundations of Software Science and Computational Structures: 11th International Conference, FOSSACS 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29 - April 6, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 35–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, September 19). Ants Use Scorched Earth Tactics Against Spiders. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Correctional Institutions Can Do More To Improve the Employability of Offenders (GGD-79-13). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehlinger, S. (2012). Fault Lines [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016, September 18). Emmys Welcome Surprises Along With the Favorites. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2001; Lehner & Howk, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lehner & Howk, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Tregenza et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Drinnenberg et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
AbbreviationPsychol. Sex. Orientat. Gend. Divers.
ISSN (print)2329-0382
ISSN (online)2329-0390

Other styles