How to format your references using the International Journal of Nuclear Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Nuclear Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Kessler, Prevention: Air of danger. Nature. 509, S62-3 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
M. S. Grubb, J. Burrone, Activity-dependent relocation of the axon initial segment fine-tunes neuronal excitability. Nature. 465, 1070–1074 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Oberholzer, E. V. Sukhorukov, C. Schönenberger, Crossover between classical and quantum shot noise in chaotic cavities. Nature. 415, 765–767 (2002).
A journal article with 10 or more authors
I. Percec, R. M. Plenge, J. H. Nadeau, M. S. Bartolomei, H. F. Willard, Autosomal dominant mutations affecting X inactivation choice in the mouse. Science. 296, 1136–1139 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. U. Kampen, Low Molecular Weight Organic Semiconductors (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010).
An edited book
R. B. Carating, The Soils of the Philippines (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014), World Soils Book Series.
A chapter in an edited book
E. D. Brutinel, J. A. Gralnick, in Microbial Metal Respiration: From Geochemistry to Potential Applications, J. Gescher, A. Kappler, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012), pp. 83–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Nuclear Security.

Blog post
J. Davis, Lions Roam Rwanda Again After a 15-Year Absence. IFLScience (2015), (available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations (Spanish Version)” (GAO-06-185, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. L. Seger, thesis, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, In the End, Conduct Is What Counts. New York Times (2010), p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Nuclear Security
AbbreviationInt. J. Nucl. Secur.
ISSN (print)2376-9955

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