How to format your references using the Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Till, C. (2015). Earth science: Big geochemistry. Nature, 523(7560), 293–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitaevskii, L., & Stringari, S. (2002). Ultracold matter. The quest for superfluidity in Fermi gases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5601), 2144–2146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shiu, R.-F., Chin, W.-C., & Lee, C.-L. (2014). Carbonaceous particles reduce marine microgel formation. Scientific Reports, 4, 5856.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zheng, X., Pontes, O., Zhu, J., Miki, D., Zhang, F., Li, W.-X., Iida, K., Kapoor, A., Pikaard, C. S., & Zhu, J.-K. (2008). ROS3 is an RNA-binding protein required for DNA demethylation in Arabidopsis. Nature, 455(7217), 1259–1262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neupert, R. (2011). French Animation History. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Spaide, R. F., Ohno-Matsui, K., & Yannuzzi, L. A. (Eds.). (2014). Pathologic Myopia. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kyriazopoulou, C. (2015). Architectures and Requirements for the Development of Smart Cities: A Literature Study. In M. Helfert, K.-H. Krempels, C. Klein, B. Donellan, & O. Guiskhin (Eds.), Smart Cities, Green Technologies, and Intelligent Transport Systems: 4th International Conference, SMARTGREENS 2015, and 1st International Conference VEHITS 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 75–103). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 26). Vibrating Magnets Help Male Bees Attract Females From Different Subspecies. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Drug Testing: Undercover Tests Reveal Significant Vulnerabilities in DOT’s Drug Testing Program (GAO-08-225T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ziegler, R. T. (2017). The Impact of Strategic Planning Involvement on Employee Engagement in a Federal Public Health Agency [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, B. M. (2017, June 3). The Tailor of 125th Street. New York Times, ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Till, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pitaevskii & Stringari, 2002; Till, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitaevskii & Stringari, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Shiu et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Conscious. (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2326-5523
ISSN (online)2326-5531

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