How to format your references using the Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. (2010). The Gonzo Scientist. Galileo in Senegal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5976), 296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mondal, N., & Parvin, J. D. (2001). DNA topoisomerase IIalpha is required for RNA polymerase II transcription on chromatin templates. Nature, 413(6854), 435–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, W. R., Oppenheimer, M., & Wilcove, D. S. (2009). A force to fight global warming. Nature, 462(7271), 278–279.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Seneviratne, S. I., Rogelj, J., Séférian, R., Wartenburger, R., Allen, M. R., Cain, M., Millar, R. J., Ebi, K. L., Ellis, N., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Payne, A. J., Schleussner, C.-F., Tschakert, P., & Warren, R. F. (2018). The many possible climates from the Paris Agreement’s aim of 1.5 °C warming. Nature, 558(7708), 41–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
von Eye, A., & Mun, E.-Y. (2012). Log-Linear Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gales, J. (2016). Structural Fire Performance of Contemporary Post-tensioned Concrete Construction (K. Hartin & L. Bisby, Eds.; 1st ed. 2016). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Z., & Lu, M. (2016). Globalization and Regional Income Inequality in China. In M. Lu (Ed.), Toward Balanced Growth with Economic Agglomeration: Empirical Studies of China’s Urban-Rural and Interregional Development (pp. 63–87). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 5). Sexual Satisfaction Correlates With Intelligence. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Landsat Policy Issues Still Unresolved (PSAD-78-58). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pezzolesi, M. G. (2008). Novel Mechanisms of PTEN Dysfunction in PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndromes [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000, September 8). Lose One, Win One. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon, 2010; Mondal & Parvin, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mondal & Parvin, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Turner et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Seneviratne et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Conscious. (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2326-5523
ISSN (online)2326-5531

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