How to format your references using the Veterinary Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Malakoff D. ELECTION 2000: Uncertainty Wins by a Landslide. Science. 2000 Nov 17;290:1277–1279.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Blackburn EH, Epel ES. Telomeres and adversity: Too toxic to ignore. Nature. 2012 Oct 11;490:169–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Meloso D, Copic J, Bossaerts P. Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science. 2009 Mar 6;323:1335–1339.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ngo TTM, Moufarrej MN, Rasmussen M-LH, et al. Noninvasive blood tests for fetal development predict gestational age and preterm delivery. Science. 2018 Jun 8;360:1133–1136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rich P. Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Gutiérrez-López GF, Barbosa-Cánovas GV, Welti-Chanes J, Parada-Arias E, editors. Food Engineering: Integrated Approaches. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. (Food Engineering series).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Blasch E, Chen Y, Chen G, Shen D, Kohler R. Information Fusion in a Cloud-Enabled Environment. In: Han KJ, Choi B-Y, Song S, eds. High Performance Cloud Auditing and Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2014:91–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Pathology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Saturn’s Moon Enceladus Could Be Suitable For Primitive Life. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015:

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Public Transit: Survey of Public Transit Agency Officials on Contracting Out Public Transit Operations and Other Services (GAO-13-824SP, September 2013), an E-supplement to GAO-13-782. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Sep. Report No.: GAO-13-824SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lanza KM. The antecedents of automotive brand loyalty and repurchase intentions. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008:

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Band Aid. New York Times. 2017 Jun 1;C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 3,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Pathology
AbbreviationVet. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0300-9858
ISSN (online)1544-2217
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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