How to format your references using the Veterinary Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walker RJ. Earth science. The extraterrestrial wedding ring. Nature. 2000;406(6794):359–360.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milo R, Last RL. Achieving diversity in the face of constraints: lessons from metabolism. Science. 2012;336(6089):1663–1667.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agrawal T, Schu P, Medigeshi GR. Adaptor protein complexes-1 and 3 are involved at distinct stages of flavivirus life-cycle. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1813.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chiu AS, Gehringer MM, Braidy N, Guillemin GJ, Welch JH, Neilan BA. Gliotoxicity of the cyanotoxin, β-methyl-amino-L-alanine (BMAA). Sci Rep. 2013;3:1482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner D. Trading ETFs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2012.
An edited book
Kovacevic A. Screw Compressors. Stosic N, Smith I, eds. Springer 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Dellacherie C, Martinez S, San Martin J. Filtered Matrices. In: Martinez S, San Martin J, eds. Inverse M-Matrices and Ultrametric Matrices. Springer International Publishing 2014:119–163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Pathology.

Blog post
Davis J. Ancient Egyptian Human Fetus Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience 2016:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: NASA Faces Challenges in Its Attempt to Achieve Planned Flight Rates. U.S. Government Printing Office 1991 Dec. Report No.: NSIAD-92-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Minick V. Educators’ Beliefs About and Approaches to the Evaluation of Student Writing. University of South Florida 2010:

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Snug as a Dog in a Baby Carrier Is the Latest Refrain for Pet Lovers. New York Times. 2000:145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 4,6–8.

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Pathology
AbbreviationVet. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0300-9858
ISSN (online)1544-2217
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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