How to format your references using the Veterinary Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamel F. Epidemiology. Paths from pesticides to Parkinson’s. Science. 2013;341(6147):722–723.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu P, Werb Z. Patterning mechanisms of branched organs. Science. 2008;322(5907):1506–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bichot NP, Rossi AF, Desimone R. Parallel and serial neural mechanisms for visual search in macaque area V4. Science. 2005;308(5721):529–534.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hughen K, Lehman S, Southon J, et al. 14C activity and global carbon cycle changes over the past 50,000 years. Science. 2004;303(5655):202–207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weiss A. Getting Started in Consulting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2009.
An edited book
Alonso ME, Arrondo E, Mallavibarrena R, Sols I, editors. Liaison, Schottky Problem and Invariant Theory: Remembering Federico Gaeta. Birkhäuser 2010. (Progress in Mathematics; vol. 280).
A chapter in an edited book
Stein E, Rüter M, Ohnimus S, Wiechmann K. Computational Verification and Validation of Engineering Structures Via Error-Controlled Model and Discretization Adaptivity. In: Ibrahimbegovic A, Zlatar M, eds. Damage Assessment and Reconstruction after War or Natural Disaster. Springer Netherlands 2009:109–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Alcoholism Research: A Virus Could Manipulate Neurons To Reduce The Desire To Drink. IFLScience. IFLScience 2016:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Short Takeoff and Landing Transport Programs: Status and Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office 1977 Feb. Report No.: 101787.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spruill EL. A correlational analysis relating organizational climate to employee performance: A case study. University of Phoenix 2008:

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart MK. Kathy Mabry and Tom Prost. New York Times. 2011:ST18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 4,6–8.

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Pathology
AbbreviationVet. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0300-9858
ISSN (online)1544-2217
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

Other styles