How to format your references using the Veterinary Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alvarez M. Follow the money. Nature. 2007 Mar 8;446:230.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutchinson JR, Garcia M. Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner. Nature. 2002 Feb 28;415:1018–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noda S, Chutinan A, Imada M. Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure. Nature. 2000 Oct 5;407:608–610.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Marketon MM, DePaolo RW, DeBord KL, Jabri B, Schneewind O. Plague bacteria target immune cells during infection. Science. 2005 Sep 9;309:1739–1741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hetherington S. How to Know. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Chiang CC. Design for Manufacturability and Yield for Nano-Scale CMOS. Kawa J, ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. (Series on Integrated Circuits and Systems).
A chapter in an edited book
Bondarenko V, Troyanova G, Balucani M, Ferrari A. Porous Silicon Based SOI: History and Prospects. In: Flandre D, Nazarov AN, Hemment PLF, eds. Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment Kiev, Ukraine 26–30 April 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005:53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Pathology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Ion Engine Breakthrough Could Take Us To Mars At A Fraction Of The Fuel. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Transportation: Critical Areas NASA Needs to Address in Managing Its Reusable Launch Vehicle Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jun. Report No.: GAO-01-826T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer-Duffield J. Beliefs and uses of tagging among undergraduates. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2010:

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Moscow Music Festival Marks Russian Easter. New York Times. 2003 Mar 23;53.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Pathology
AbbreviationVet. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0300-9858
ISSN (online)1544-2217
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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