How to format your references using the Veterinary Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes DKA. Biodiversity: invasions by marine life on plastic debris. Nature. 2002;416(6883):808–809.
A journal article with 2 authors
Middelburg JJ, Meysman FJR. Ocean science. Burial at sea. Science. 2007;316(5829):1294–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown ME, Bouchez AH, Griffith CA. Direct detection of variable tropospheric clouds near Titan’s south pole. Nature. 2002;420(6917):795–797.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Toda M, Takagaki A, Okamura M, et al. Green chemistry: biodiesel made with sugar catalyst. Nature. 2005;438(7065):178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lloret J, Shulman G, Love RM. Condition and Health Indicators of Exploited Marine Fishes. John Wiley & Sons 2013.
An edited book
Attri SD, Rathore LS, Sivakumar MVK, Dash SK, editors. Challenges and Opportunities in Agrometeorology. Springer 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Alvi AN, Bouk SH, Ahmed SH, Yaqub MA. Influence of Backoff Period in Slotted CSMA/CA of IEEE 802.15.4. In: Mamatas L, Matta I, Papadimitriou P, Koucheryavy Y, eds. Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 14th IFIP WG 6.2 International Conference, WWIC 2016, Thessaloniki, Greece, May 25-27, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing 2016:40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Information Flows In Opposite Directions During Imagination And Reality. IFLScience. IFLScience 2014:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. USDA Proposal for Handling Conversions in ADPE Procurements. U.S. Government Printing Office 1977 Mar. Report No.: 092139.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ryan JI. Analysis of the role of the Jackson Prairie in prehistoric/protohistoric settlement patterns using survey data from the Bienville National Forest. Mississippi State University 2017:

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr, Baker AL. Trial to Open in Case That Highlights Complaints About Justice System. New York Times. 2017:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,5,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Pathology
AbbreviationVet. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0300-9858
ISSN (online)1544-2217
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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