How to format your references using the Marine Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murray, N.W. Astronomy. Evidence of things not seen. Science 2012, 336, 1121–1122.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maroteaux, M.; Mameli, M. Neuroscience. Synaptic switch and social status. Science 2011, 334, 608–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y.G.; Pagani, M.; Liu, Z. A 12-million-year temperature history of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Science 2014, 344, 84–87.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oliver, W.D.; Yu, Y.; Lee, J.C.; Berggren, K.K.; Levitov, L.S.; Orlando, T.P. Mach-Zehnder interferometry in a strongly driven superconducting qubit. Science 2005, 310, 1653–1657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reed, S.M.; Hrci The HRCI Official Body of Knowledge; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2017; ISBN 9781119374930.
An edited book
Genetics, Evolution and Radiation: Crossing Borders, The Interdisciplinary Legacy of Nikolay W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky; Korogodina, V.L., Mothersill, C.E., Inge-Vechtomov, S.G., Seymour, C.B., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319488370.
A chapter in an edited book
Sayogo, D.S.; Jarman, H.; Andersen, D.F.; Luciano, J.S. Labeling, Certification, and Consumer Trust. In Private Data and Public Value: Governance, Green Consumption, and Sustainable Supply Chains; Jarman, H., Luna-Reyes, L.F., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 67–88 ISBN 9783319278216.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Drugs.

Blog post
Davis, J. Perfume Traces Could Be Used To Help Solve Crimes Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Multiple Teacher Training Programs: Information on Budgets, Services, and Target Groups; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wellman, T.E. Employment Discrimination against Military Spouses: Illegal Contrary to Popular Belief and Practice. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Some Whistle-Blowers Lose Free-Speech Protections. New York Times 2006, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Drugs
AbbreviationMar. Drugs
ISSN (online)1660-3397
ScopeDrug Discovery

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