How to format your references using the Marine Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingras, M.J.P. Physics. Observing monopoles in a magnetic analog of ice. Science 2009, 326, 375–376.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pattabiraman, V.R.; Bode, J.W. Rethinking amide bond synthesis. Nature 2011, 480, 471–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyons, J.R.; Lewis, R.S.; Clayton, R.N. Comment on “Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO.” Science 2009, 324, 1516;author reply 1516.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, C.; Xiao, S.; Li, Y.; Zhong, H.; Li, X.; Peng, F. Methane formation and consumption processes in Xiangxi Bay of the Three Gorges Reservoir. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saadoun, A.P. Esthetic Soft Tissue Management of Teeth and Implants; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.: West Sussex, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781118702673.
An edited book
Enterprise Information Systems: 16th International Conference, ICEIS 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, April 27-30, 2014, Revised Selected Papers; Cordeiro, J., Hammoudi, S., Maciaszek, L., Camp, O., Filipe, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 227; ISBN 9783319223476.
A chapter in an edited book
Riboni, D.; Bettini, C. Context-Aware Activity Recognition through a Combination of Ontological and Statistical Reasoning. In Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing: 6th International Conference, UIC 2009, Brisbane, Australia, July 7-9, 2009. Proceedings; Zhang, D., Portmann, M., Tan, A.-H., Indulska, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 39–53 ISBN 9783642028298.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Drugs.

Blog post
Davis, J. Global Coral Bleaching Event Declared Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Indian Affairs: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight and Accountability for School Safety Inspections; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2017;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altebarmakian, T. Salt of the Skin. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. False Claims and Flawed Reports. New York Times 2017, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Drugs
AbbreviationMar. Drugs
ISSN (online)1660-3397
ScopeDrug Discovery

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