How to format your references using the Marine Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer, K.M. Waning Buoyancy in the Crustal Roots of Old Mountains. Nature 2002, 417, 933–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Starr, M.B.; Wang, X. Fundamental Analysis of Piezocatalysis Process on the Surfaces of Strained Piezoelectric Materials. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grima, J.N.; Attard, D.; Gatt, R. Materials Science. Unusual Thermoelastic Properties of Methanol Monohydrate. Science 2011, 331, 687–688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pelletier, L.; O’Toole, E.; Schwager, A.; Hyman, A.A.; Müller-Reichert, T. Centriole Assembly in Caenorhabditis Elegans. Nature 2006, 444, 619–623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staebler, P. Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017; ISBN 9781119384533.
An edited book
TRIM/RBCC Proteins; Meroni, G., Ed.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; ISBN 9781461453970.
A chapter in an edited book
Meesenburg, H.; Brumme, R.; Jacobsen, C.; Meiwes, K.J.; Eichhorn, J. Soil Properties. In Functioning and Management of European Beech Ecosystems; Brumme, R., Khanna, P.K., Eds.; Ecological Studies; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 33–47 ISBN 9783642003394.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Drugs.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Pluto’s Moons Are In “Absolute Chaos” Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Guaranteed Student Loans: Credit Bureau Reporting Practices by Guaranty Agencies and Lenders; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez, E.R. Technology and Adiposity: Effects of Television Time, Video or Computer Game Time, and Computer Use on Body Fat among Latino Youth. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M. Detroit Reins In an Annual Halloween Revelry. New York Times 2010, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Drugs
AbbreviationMar. Drugs
ISSN (online)1660-3397
ScopeDrug Discovery

Other styles