How to format your references using the Psychology of Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). Bricks and mortar. Scottish Structural Proteomics Facility, University of St Andrews, UK. Nature, 433(7026), 666.
A journal article with 2 authors
Engdahl, A., & Nelander, B. (2002). The vibrational spectrum of H2O3. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruins, H. J., van der Plicht, J., & Mazar, A. (2003). 14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5617), 315–318.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Corset, V., Nguyen-Ba-Charvet, K. T., Forcet, C., Moyse, E., Chédotal, A., & Mehlen, P. (2000). Netrin-1-mediated axon outgrowth and cAMP production requires interaction with adenosine A2b receptor. Nature, 407(6805), 747–750.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimer, T., & Werner, M. (2004). Die Zukunft der Mikrosystemtechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bellucci, S. (Ed.). (2011). Physical Properties of Ceramic and Carbon Nanoscale Structures: The INFN Lectures, Vol. II (Vol. 11). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ukimura, O., & Gill, I. S. (2006). Cryoablation for Renal Cell Carcinoma. In S. Baba & Y. Ono (Eds.), Interventional Management of Urological Diseases (pp. 65–74). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 3). NASA Flying Saucer Test Launch Delayed. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Aviation Security: Status of TSA’s Acquisition of Technology for Screening Passenger Identification and Boarding Passes (GAO-12-826T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGowan, H. C. (2008). The military experience: Perceptions from senior military officers’ wives [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. R. (2012, March 21). Oil Under Our Noses. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Engdahl & Nelander, 2002; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Engdahl & Nelander, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bruins et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Corset et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Addictive Behaviors
AbbreviationPsychol. Addict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0893-164X
ISSN (online)1939-1501
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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