How to format your references using the Psychology of Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Price, C. (2000). Evidence for a link between global lightning activity and upper tropospheric water vapour. Nature, 406(6793), 290–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blondin, J. M., & Mezzacappa, A. (2007). Pulsar spins from an instability in the accretion shock of supernovae. Nature, 445(7123), 58–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leitch, D. B., Sarko, D. K., & Catania, K. C. (2014). Brain mass and cranial nerve size in shrews and moles. Scientific Reports, 4, 6241.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Robinson, A. L., Donahue, N. M., Shrivastava, M. K., Weitkamp, E. A., Sage, A. M., Grieshop, A. P., Lane, T. E., Pierce, J. R., & Pandis, S. N. (2007). Rethinking organic aerosols: semivolatile emissions and photochemical aging. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5816), 1259–1262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx, F. G., Lambert, O., & Uhen, M. D. (2016). Cetacean Paleobiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hilten, B. van, & Nuttin, B. (Eds.). (2007). Proceedings of the Medtronic Forum for Neuroscience and Neuro-Technology 2005. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pohjanen, J., Koskimäki, J. J., & Pirttilä, A. M. (2014). Interactions of Meristem-Associated Endophytic Bacteria. In V. C. Verma & A. C. Gange (Eds.), Advances in Endophytic Research (pp. 103–113). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 31). Take An Interactive Tour Of The International Space Station. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Air Travel: Passengers Could Be Better Informed of Their Rights (RCED-91-156). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilday, D. (2014). Soulmaking within the destructive side of God seeing through monotheism’s holy warrior 9/11 to prehistory [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, September 20). On Tap: Beer and Conversation. New York Times, NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Price, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blondin & Mezzacappa, 2007; Price, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blondin & Mezzacappa, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Leitch et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Robinson et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Addictive Behaviors
AbbreviationPsychol. Addict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0893-164X
ISSN (online)1939-1501
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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