How to format your references using the Psychology of Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnitzer, M. J. (2010). Journal club. A neuroscientist learns about algorithms for motor learning. Nature, 463(7279), 273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Govers, F., & Angenent, G. C. (2010). Plant science. Fertility goddesses as Trojan horses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6006), 922–923.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watts, D. J., Dodds, P. S., & Newman, M. E. J. (2002). Identity and search in social networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5571), 1302–1305.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Duft, D., Achtzehn, T., Müller, R., Huber, B. A., & Leisner, T. (2003). Coulomb fission: Rayleigh jets from levitated microdroplets. Nature, 421(6919), 128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, D., & Norris, M. (2004). Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ford, J. D., & Berrang-Ford, L. (Eds.). (2011). Climate Change Adaptation in Developed Nations: From Theory to Practice (Vol. 42). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Farage, M. A., Miller, K. W., & Maibach, H. I. (2010). Degenerative Changes in Aging Skin. In M. A. Farage, K. W. Miller, & H. I. Maibach (Eds.), Textbook of Aging Skin (pp. 25–35). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 11). Which Country Consumes The Most Calories? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Surface Transportation: Availability of Intercity Bus Service Continues to Decline (RCED-92-126). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shabalin, A. A. (2010). Detection of low rank signals in noise and fast correlation mining with applications to large biological data [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, October 3). Rooting On Home Team, and Voting on Its G.M. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schnitzer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Govers & Angenent, 2010; Schnitzer, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Govers & Angenent, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Watts et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Duft et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Addictive Behaviors
AbbreviationPsychol. Addict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0893-164X
ISSN (online)1939-1501
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles