How to format your references using the Psychology of Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anand, P. (2002). Public health. Decision-making when science is ambiguous. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5561), 1839.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bialek, W., & Botstein, D. (2004). Introductory science and mathematics education for 21st-Century biologists. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 788–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, E. S., Blitz, L., & Heiles, C. (2006). The spiral structure of the outer Milky Way in hydrogen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1773–1777.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, F., Dukovic, G., Brus, L. E., & Heinz, T. F. (2005). The optical resonances in carbon nanotubes arise from excitons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5723), 838–841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad, W. M., & Curran, J. M. (2016). Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bellettini, G. (2015). Shape Reconstruction from Apparent Contours: Theory and Algorithms. (V. Beorchia, M. Paolini, & F. Pasquarelli, Eds.) (Vol. 44). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gregory, S. (2009). Finding Overlapping Communities Using Disjoint Community Detection Algorithms. In S. Fortunato, G. Mangioni, R. Menezes, & V. Nicosia (Eds.), Complex Networks: Results of the 2009 International Workshop on Complex Networks (CompleNet 2009) (pp. 47–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 7). How Did 4th-Century Roman Coins End Up In A Medieval Japanese Castle? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Information Technology: DHS Needs to Further Define and Implement Its New Governance Process (No. GAO-12-818). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, J. O. (2011). Women’s social networking: Steps that organize low-technology users with emergency needs (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, November 16). World Briefing | Asia: Putin Indicates Kurile Deal Is Not Likely Soon. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anand, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Anand, 2002; Bialek & Botstein, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bialek & Botstein, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Levine, Blitz, & Heiles, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang, Dukovic, Brus, & Heinz, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Addictive Behaviors
AbbreviationPsychol. Addict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0893-164X
ISSN (online)1939-1501
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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