How to format your references using the Journal of Strategic Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Strategic Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. (2008). The Gonzo Scientist. Slaying monsters for science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1592.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, R. T., & Lovley, D. R. (2000). Hexadecane decay by methanogenesis. Nature, 404(6779), 722–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayor, M., Lovis, C., & Santos, N. C. (2014). Doppler spectroscopy as a path to the detection of Earth-like planets. Nature, 513(7518), 328–335.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sousa, C., Novais, Â., Magalhães, A., Lopes, J., & Peixe, L. (2013). Diverse high-risk B2 and D Escherichia coli clones depicted by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Scientific Reports, 3, 3278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hurst, K. (2008). Primary Care Trust Workforce Planning and Development. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd.
An edited book
Castillo, E. (2009). A Unified Statistical Methodology for Modeling Fatigue Damage (A. Fernández-Canteli, Ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Pulini, G., & Hulance, D. (2009). Flexeos Embedded FPGA Solution. In N. S. Voros, A. Rosti, & M. Hübner (Eds.), Dynamic System Reconfiguration in Heterogeneous Platforms: The MORPHEUS Approach (pp. 39–47). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Strategic Marketing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, October 7). Scientists In The Antarctic Are Drinking Way Too Much Booze. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Federally Funded R&D Centers: Issues Relating to the Management of DOD-Sponsored Centers (No. NSIAD-96-112). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woods, R. A. (2017). Missouri Legislator and Administrator Perceptions of Federal Government Involvement in Education (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu, W. (2017, May 2). Navigating A City Forest: 280 Miles Of Scaffolding. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson & Lovley, 2000; Bohannon, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson & Lovley, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Mayor, Lovis, & Santos, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sousa, Novais, Magalhães, Lopes, & Peixe, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Strategic Marketing
AbbreviationJ. Strat. Mark.
ISSN (print)0965-254X
ISSN (online)1466-4488
Strategy and Management

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