How to format your references using the Journal of NeuroVirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of NeuroVirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meijer D (2009) Neuroscience. Went fishing, caught a snake. Science 325:1353–1354
A journal article with 2 authors
Sherratt TN, Roberts G (2012) Ecology. When paths to cooperation converge. Science 337:1304–1305
A journal article with 3 authors
Lacetera N, Macis M, Slonim R (2013) Public health. Economic rewards to motivate blood donations. Science 340:927–928
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bell RE, Studinger M, Shuman CA, et al (2007) Large subglacial lakes in East Antarctica at the onset of fast-flowing ice streams. Nature 445:904–907

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad K (2005) Sourcebook of ATM and IP Internetworking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Falquet G (2011) Ontologies in Urban Development Projects. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi K, Suzuki K, Ogata T, et al (2015) Efficient Motor Babbling Using Variance Predictions from a Recurrent Neural Network. In: Arik S, Huang T, Lai WK, Liu Q (eds) Neural Information Processing: 22nd International Conference, ICONIP 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, November 9-12, 2015, Proceedings Part III. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 26–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of NeuroVirology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Robots And AI Could Soon Have Feelings, Hopes And Rights… We Must Prepare For The Reckoning. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Telecommunications: Issues Related to Local Telephone Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pookcharoen S (2009) Metacognitive online reading strategies among Thai EFL university students. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J (2017) The Hookup. New York Times MM70

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meijer 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Meijer 2009; Sherratt and Roberts 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sherratt and Roberts 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Bell et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of NeuroVirology
AbbreviationJ. Neurovirol.
ISSN (print)1355-0284
ISSN (online)1538-2443
Clinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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