How to format your references using the Journal of NeuroVirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of NeuroVirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennell R (2015) Palaeoanthropology: Homo sapiens in China 80,000 years ago. Nature 526:647–648
A journal article with 2 authors
Schaefer BE, Pagnotta A (2012) An absence of ex-companion stars in the type Ia supernova remnant SNR 0509-67.5. Nature 481:164–166
A journal article with 3 authors
Tattersall GJ, Andrade DV, Abe AS (2009) Heat exchange from the toucan bill reveals a controllable vascular thermal radiator. Science 325:468–470
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jiang Y, Lee A, Chen J, et al (2002) The open pore conformation of potassium channels. Nature 417:523–526

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morales G, Kacher C (2015) Short Selling with the O’Neil Disciples. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gramlich B (ed) (2005) Frontiers of Combining Systems: 5th International Workshop, FroCoS 2005, Vienna, Austria, September 19-21, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Moore N (2014) Me to We. In: Asabere-Ameyaw A, Anamuah-Mensah J, Dei GS, Raheem K (eds) Indigenist African Development and Related Issues: Towards a Transdisciplinary Perspective. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 49–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of NeuroVirology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Why Do Science Issues Seem To Divide Us Along Party Lines? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Schools and Libraries Corporation: Actions Needed to Strengthen Program Integrity Operations Before Committing Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck K (2011) Comparing high school physics standards: What is included and what is not. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruckelshaus WD, Reilly WK (2016) Why Obama Is Right on Clean Energy. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dennell 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schaefer and Pagnotta 2012; Dennell 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schaefer and Pagnotta 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of NeuroVirology
AbbreviationJ. Neurovirol.
ISSN (print)1355-0284
ISSN (online)1538-2443
Clinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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