How to format your references using the Journal of NeuroVirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of NeuroVirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinberger AJ (2002) Planetary disks. A dusty business. Science 295:2027–2028
A journal article with 2 authors
Liston C, Kagan J (2002) Brain development: memory enhancement in early childhood. Nature 419:896
A journal article with 3 authors
West-Eberhard MJ, Smith JAC, Winter K (2011) Plant science. Photosynthesis, reorganized. Science 332:311–312
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bo Z, Shuai X, Mao S, et al (2014) Green preparation of reduced graphene oxide for sensing and energy storage applications. Sci Rep 4:4684

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz W (2016) Species Conservation in Managed Habitats. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Ichikawa H, Cho W-D, Satoh I, Youn HY (eds) (2007) Ubiquitous Computing Systems: 4th International Symposium, UCS 2007, Tokyo, Japan, November 25-28, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Collier J (2010) A Dynamical Approach to Identity and Diversity in Complex Systems. In: Cilliers P, Preiser R (eds) Complexity, Difference and Identity: An Ethical Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 79–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of NeuroVirology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Propaganda Or Cost Of Innovation? The High Price Of New Drugs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Financial Market Preparedness: Significant Progress Has Been Made, but Pandemic Planning and Other Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nasrollahzadeh Y (2013) Support group for caregivers of older adults affected by dementia: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Baker AL (2016) Death, Mistrust and Too Few Officers. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinberger 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Weinberger 2002; Liston and Kagan 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liston and Kagan 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of NeuroVirology
AbbreviationJ. Neurovirol.
ISSN (print)1355-0284
ISSN (online)1538-2443
Clinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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