How to format your references using the Journal of NeuroVirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of NeuroVirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bucksbaum PH (2004) Applied physics. X-ray movies of wiggling crystals. Science 306:1691–1692
A journal article with 2 authors
Brüggen M, Kaiser CR (2002) Hot bubbles from active galactic nuclei as a heat source in cooling-flow clusters. Nature 418:301–303
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohmoto H, Watanabe Y, Kumazawa K (2004) Evidence from massive siderite beds for a CO2-rich atmosphere before approximately 1.8 billion years ago. Nature 429:395–399
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sharon E, Roman B, Marder M, et al (2002) Mechanics. Buckling cascades in free sheets. Nature 419:579

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klugman SA, Panjer HH, Willmot GE (2013) Loss Models: Further Topics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kusuoka S, Maruyama T (eds) (2010) Advances in Mathematical Economics. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Geeraerts G, Heussner A, Praveen M, Raskin J-F (2013) ω-Petri Nets. In: Colom J-M, Desel J (eds) Application and Theory of Petri Nets and Concurrency: 34th International Conference, PETRI NETS 2013, Milan, Italy, June 24-28, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of NeuroVirology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Japanese Government Panel Finds ‘Breakthrough’ Stem Cell Study Used Falsified Data. In: IFLScience.‘breakthrough’-stem-cell-study-used-falsified/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) NASA Workforce: Briefing on National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Use of Term Appointments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Narayanan BC (2008) Structure function diversity within the phosphoenolpyruvate mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily as revealed by the enzymes oxaloacetate decarboxylase and 2,3-dimethylmalate lyase. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) The Mets Find Progress, And Hope for Montero, In a Sweep of the Giants. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bucksbaum 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Brüggen and Kaiser 2002; Bucksbaum 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brüggen and Kaiser 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharon et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of NeuroVirology
AbbreviationJ. Neurovirol.
ISSN (print)1355-0284
ISSN (online)1538-2443
Clinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles