How to format your references using the Journal of NeuroVirology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of NeuroVirology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowan R (2004) Coral bleaching: thermal adaptation in reef coral symbionts. Nature 430:742
A journal article with 2 authors
Park SH, Bendelac A (2000) CD1-restricted T-cell responses and microbial infection. Nature 406:788–792
A journal article with 3 authors
García-Ruiz JM, Melero-García E, Hyde ST (2009) Morphogenesis of self-assembled nanocrystalline materials of barium carbonate and silica. Science 323:362–365
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Petiteau D, Guenneau S, Bellieud M, et al (2014) Spectral effectiveness of engineered thermal cloaks in the frequency regime. Sci Rep 4:7386

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Menn M (2012) Instrumentation and Metrology in Oceanography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Macheras P (2016) Modeling in Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Approaches, 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bengler K, Bubb H, Totzke I, et al (2012) Automotive. In: Stein M, Sandl P (eds) Information Ergonomics: A theoretical approach and practical experience in transportation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 99–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of NeuroVirology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) How An Old Antidepressant Could Provide The Next Brain Cancer Breakthrough. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership Needed to Avoid Disruption of Essential Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang EY (2010) Late Twentieth-Century Piano Concert Etudes: A Style Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Netflix Signs New Deal With Rhimes. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rowan 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Park and Bendelac 2000; Rowan 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Bendelac 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Petiteau et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of NeuroVirology
AbbreviationJ. Neurovirol.
ISSN (print)1355-0284
ISSN (online)1538-2443
Clinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles