How to format your references using the Psychology and Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, K. (2002). Astronomy. Infant globular clusters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, J., & Cheng, J.-X. (2014). Direct visualization of de novo lipogenesis in single living cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 6807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Obayashi, M., Yoshimitsu, J., & Fukao, Y. (2009). Tearing of stagnant slab. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5931), 1173–1175.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Turetsky, A., Kim, E., Kohler, R. H., Miller, M. A., & Weissleder, R. (2014). Single cell imaging of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase using an irreversible inhibitor. Scientific Reports, 4, 4782.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lippold, J. C. (2015). Welding Metallurgy and Weldability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ahmed, A., & Abouabdelkader, H. (Eds.). (2016). Teaching EFL Writing in the 21st Century Arab World: Realities and Challenges. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Corrigan, T. D. (2012). The Current State of Financial Education in the US: How is Higher Education Helping? In D. J. Lamdin (Ed.), Consumer Knowledge and Financial Decisions: Lifespan Perspectives (pp. 67–75). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Aging.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 23). Guys, This Smartphone App Can Accurately Test Your Sperm Count. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Homeland Security: Despite Progress, DHS Continues to Be Challenged in Managing Its Multi-Billion Dollar Annual Investment in Large-Scale Information Technology Systems (GAO-09-1002T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sparks, G. A. (2008). Charismatic leadership: An exploratory investigation of the techniques of influence [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, February 28). Before Series Debut, FX Says ‘Feud’ Will Endure. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson, 2002; Li & Cheng, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li & Cheng, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Obayashi et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Turetsky et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Aging
AbbreviationPsychol. Aging
ISSN (print)0882-7974
ISSN (online)1939-1498
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Social Psychology

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