How to format your references using the Psychology and Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2007). Hub of alternative energy. Nature, 446(7131), 106.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, Y., & Lin, C. (2013). Microbial oxidation of Fe2+ and pyrite exposed to flux of micromolar H₂O₂ in acidic media. Scientific Reports, 3, 1979.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson, H. R., Blake, R., & Lee, S. H. (2001). Dynamics of travelling waves in visual perception. Nature, 412(6850), 907–910.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Günther, C., Martini, E., Wittkopf, N., Amann, K., Weigmann, B., Neumann, H., … Becker, C. (2011). Caspase-8 regulates TNF-α-induced epithelial necroptosis and terminal ileitis. Nature, 477(7364), 335–339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, S.-L. (2012). Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Huckleberry, A., Penkov, I., & Zuckerman, G. (Eds.). (2013). Lie Groups: Structure, Actions, and Representations: In Honor of Joseph A. Wolf on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday (Vol. 306). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anfang, S. A., & Liptzin, B. (2014). Payment Barriers and Potential Solutions to Psychiatric Service Delivery in the Medical Setting. In P. Summergrad & R. G. Kathol (Eds.), Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting (pp. 55–68). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Aging.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 13). Bats Open Their Mouths Wider To Focus Their Sonar Beam. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Areas Needing Improvement in the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (No. CED-80-138). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lopez, C. (2015). A community-based outreach program for Latinos in Los Angeles County supporting mental health awareness and treatment: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2005, October 23). A Foreign Affair: Italian Film Festival at Stony Brook. New York Times, p. 14LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin, 2007; Ma & Lin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ma & Lin, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Wilson, Blake, & Lee, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Günther et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Aging
AbbreviationPsychol. Aging
ISSN (print)0882-7974
ISSN (online)1939-1498
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Social Psychology

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