How to format your references using the Psychology and Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldwell, M. (2007). Careers in behavioral science. Neuromarketing careers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5827), 1060–1061.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott, A., & Schiermeier, Q. (2000). Deep roots of Nazi science revealed. Nature, 407(6806), 823–824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eremtchenko, M., Schaefer, J. A., & Tautz, F. S. (2003). Understanding and tuning the epitaxy of large aromatic adsorbates by molecular design. Nature, 425(6958), 602–605.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Escartín, J., Smith, D. K., Cann, J., Schouten, H., Langmuir, C. H., & Escrig, S. (2008). Central role of detachment faults in accretion of slow-spreading oceanic lithosphere. Nature, 455(7214), 790–794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sobel, A. (2009). All for One. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Glau, K., Scherer, M., & Zagst, R. (Eds.). (2015). Innovations in Quantitative Risk Management: TU München, September 2013. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Derksen, H., & Kemper, G. (2015). Applications of Invariant Theory. In G. Kemper (Ed.), Computational Invariant Theory (pp. 265–296). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Aging.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 15). Living In A City May Increase The Risk Of Psychosis In Children. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Federal Research: Evaluation of Small Business Innovation Research Can Be Strengthened (No. T-RCED-99-198). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsobrook, J. A. (2013). Music Education in America: A Content Analysis and National Perspective of Standards-Based Outcomes for K–8 General Music (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bray, C. (2017, July 4). Payments Firm In Britain Draws 2 Bids For Takeover. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caldwell, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott & Schiermeier, 2000; Caldwell, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abbott & Schiermeier, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Eremtchenko, Schaefer, & Tautz, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Escartín et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Aging
AbbreviationPsychol. Aging
ISSN (print)0882-7974
ISSN (online)1939-1498
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Social Psychology

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