How to format your references using the Psychology and Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. (2000). GEOPHYSICS: Atmosphere Drives Earth’s Tipsiness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5480), 710.
A journal article with 2 authors
King, D. A., & Thomas, S. M. (2007). Big lessons for a healthy future. Nature, 449(7164), 791–792.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sazonov, S. Y., Lutovinov, A. A., & Sunyaev, R. A. (2004). An apparently normal gamma-ray burst with an unusually low luminosity. Nature, 430(7000), 646–648.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Landry, C. R., Lemos, B., Rifkin, S. A., Dickinson, W. J., & Hartl, D. L. (2007). Genetic properties influencing the evolvability of gene expression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5834), 118–121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ishiyama, J. T. (2011). Comparative Politics. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Sonneveld, C. (2009). Plant Nutrition of Greenhouse Crops (W. Voogt, Ed.). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Soemantri, S., & Afifa, T. (2016). Mortality Trends in Indonesia. In C. Z. Guilmoto & G. W. Jones (Eds.), Contemporary Demographic Transformations in China, India and Indonesia (pp. 73–87). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 7). No, You’re Not Entitled To Your Opinion. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Olympic Security: Better Planning Can Enhance U.S. Support to Future Olympic Games (GAO-06-753). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liburd-Shaddai, J. L. (2012). The experiences of remedial instructors at one urban community college: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1994, January 23). PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 1314.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr, 2000; King & Thomas, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King & Thomas, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Sazonov et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Landry et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Aging
AbbreviationPsychol. Aging
ISSN (print)0882-7974
ISSN (online)1939-1498
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Social Psychology

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