How to format your references using the Psychology and Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, A. (2005). A polymath’s dilemma. Nature, 438(7066), 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyde, J. S., & Linn, M. C. (2006). Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 599–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Shem, A., Frolow, F., & Nelson, N. (2003). Crystal structure of plant photosystem I. Nature, 426(6967), 630–635.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jones, K. L., Adekola, A. S., Bardayan, D. W., Blackmon, J. C., Chae, K. Y., Chipps, K. A., Cizewski, J. A., Erikson, L., Harlin, C., Hatarik, R., Kapler, R., Kozub, R. L., Liang, J. F., Livesay, R., Ma, Z., Moazen, B. H., Nesaraja, C. D., Nunes, F. M., Pain, S. D., … Thomas, J. S. (2010). The magic nature of (132)Sn explored through the single-particle states of (133)Sn. Nature, 465(7297), 454–457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, L., & Tan, K. C. (2005). Modern Industrial Automation Software Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ghatak, K. P. (2014). Debye Screening Length: Effects of Nanostructured Materials (S. Bhattacharya, Ed.; Vol. 255). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kennedy, A., & de León, I. (2011). Brand Implementation. In I. de León (Ed.), Pro CSS for High Traffic Websites (pp. 137–164). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 16). Chandra X-ray Observatory Turns 15! IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). More Emphasis Needed on Data Analysis Phase of Space Science Programs (PSAD-77-114). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, Y. (2017). A Grant Proposal for Mindfulness-Based Self-Care Training for Child Welfare Workers [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016, September 6). Overlooked Influences in Trump’s Life: A Famous Minister and His Church. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hyde & Linn, 2006; Robinson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyde & Linn, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Ben-Shem et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jones et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Aging
AbbreviationPsychol. Aging
ISSN (print)0882-7974
ISSN (online)1939-1498
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Social Psychology

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