How to format your references using the Psychology and Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frierson, D. M. W. (2012). Atmospheric science. Frictional dissipation--blame it on the rain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6071), 925–926.
A journal article with 2 authors
King, D. A., & Thomas, S. M. (2007). Big lessons for a healthy future. Nature, 449(7164), 791–792.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertea, M., Salzberg, S. L., & Gardner, M. J. (2000). Finding genes in Plasmodium falciparum. Nature, 404(6773), 34; discussion 34-5.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Takahashi, R.-U., Takeshita, F., Honma, K., Ono, M., Kato, K., & Ochiya, T. (2013). Ribophorin II regulates breast tumor initiation and metastasis through the functional suppression of GSK3β. Scientific Reports, 3, 2474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiesmann, U., Choi, I. S., & Dombrowski, E.-M. (2006). Fundamentals of Biological Wastewater Treatment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Wang, L., Adeli, E., Wang, Q., Shi, Y., & Suk, H.-I. (Eds.). (2016). Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: 7th International Workshop, MLMI 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 10019). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Esch, H. (2012). Foraging Honey Bees: How Foragers Determine and Transmit Information About Feeding Site Locations. In C. G. Galizia, D. Eisenhardt, & M. Giurfa (Eds.), Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior: A Tribute to Randolf Menzel (pp. 53–64). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Aging.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, December 13). Geminid Meteor Shower Will Peak Tonight, But The Supermoon Might Outshine It. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Gray Market Vehicle Program: Extension Warranted, but Improvements in Vehicle Identification Are Needed (RCED-94-22). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuls, M. (2012). Single item versus multiple items: An examination of validity and the impact of mood in measuring constructs [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015, April 12). Escaping the Past, or Embracing It Before It Fades. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frierson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Frierson, 2012; King & Thomas, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King & Thomas, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Pertea et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Takahashi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Aging
AbbreviationPsychol. Aging
ISSN (print)0882-7974
ISSN (online)1939-1498
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Social Psychology

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