How to format your references using the Psychology and Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blobel, G. (2013). Christian de Duve (1917-2013). Nature, 498(7454), 300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holowka, S., & Petitto, L. A. (2002). Left hemisphere cerebral specialization for babies while babbling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shiono, M., Matsugaki, N., & Takeda, K. (2005). Phytochemistry: structure of the blue cornflower pigment. Nature, 436(7052), 791.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ivan, M., Kondo, K., Yang, H., Kim, W., Valiando, J., Ohh, M., Salic, A., Asara, J. M., Lane, W. S., & Kaelin, W. G., Jr. (2001). HIFalpha targeted for VHL-mediated destruction by proline hydroxylation: implications for O2 sensing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5516), 464–468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chakrabarty, P. (2012). A Guide to Academia. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bercovier, M., Gander, M. J., Kornhuber, R., & Widlund, O. (Eds.). (2009). Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XVIII (Vol. 70). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Serra, J. (2011). Grain Building Ordering. In P. Soille, M. Pesaresi, & G. K. Ouzounis (Eds.), Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th International Symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6-8, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 37–48). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Aging.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 22). Cassini Snaps Best Ever Image Of Saturn’s Odd Moon Pandora. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Desert Shield/Storm: U.S. Transportation Command’s Support of Operation (NSIAD-92-54). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seipert, K. G. (2013). A correlational analysis of the values of Baby Boomer and Generation X rural public school principals [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, April 7). Eleanor’s Encouragement. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blobel, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Blobel, 2013; Holowka & Petitto, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holowka & Petitto, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Shiono et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ivan et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Aging
AbbreviationPsychol. Aging
ISSN (print)0882-7974
ISSN (online)1939-1498
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Social Psychology

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