How to format your references using the Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sommeria J 2001 Unweaving the whirls Nature 413 575
A journal article with 2 authors
Hardison R C and Blobel G A 2013 Genetics. GWAS to therapy by genome edits? Science 342 206–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Turney C S M, Roberts R G and Jacobs Z 2006 Archaeology: progress and pitfalls in radiocarbon dating Nature 443 E3; discussion E4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Shinoda T, Ogawa H, Cornelius F and Toyoshima C 2009 Crystal structure of the sodium-potassium pump at 2.4 A resolution Nature 459 446–50

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves R 2009 Joomla!® Bible (Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.)
An edited book
White W B 2007 Blood Pressure Monitoring in Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press)
A chapter in an edited book
Soltakhanov S K, Yushkov M P and Zegzhda S A 2009 The Mixed Problem Of Dynamics. New Class Of Control Problems Mechanics of non-holonomic systems: A New Class of control systems Foundations of Engineering Mechanics ed M P Yushkov and S A Zegzhda (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 125–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics.

Blog post
Carpineti C 2017 Spectacular Footage Of Narwhals Reveals The True Purpose Of Their Tusks IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibb A 2012 Implementing U.S. security strategy in the 21st century: A three-part examination of the evolving role of the military in American foreign and security policy Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Castle S and Erlanger S 2017 British Premier Outlines Path to a Clean Break With the E.U New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys.
ISSN (print)0953-4075
ISSN (online)1361-6455
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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