How to format your references using the Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whyard S 2015 Plant science. Insecticidal RNA, the long and short of it Science 347 950–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Takeuchi J K and Bruneau B G 2009 Directed transdifferentiation of mouse mesoderm to heart tissue by defined factors Nature 459 708–11
A journal article with 3 authors
Letinic K, Zoncu R and Rakic P 2002 Origin of GABAergic neurons in the human neocortex Nature 417 645–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Park S, Wolanin P M, Yuzbashyan E A, Silberzan P, Stock J B and Austin R H 2003 Motion to form a quorum Science 301 188

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang S-L 2012 Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Biancardi E and Tamada T 2016 Rhizomania (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Tjoa T and Armstrong W B 2016 Transoral Laser Microsurgery for Laryngeal Cancer Biomedical Optics in Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery ed B J-F Wong and J Ilgner (New York, NY: Springer) pp 51–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics.

Blog post
Hamilton K 2017 Diagonal Ear Crease Linked To Increased Risk Of Coronary Heart Disease IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 Air Traffic Control: Advanced Automation System Still Vulnerable to Cost and Schedule Problems (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farooq A S 2012 Singing the blues: Indicators of mental illness among nursing home elderly Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2008 Court Blocks Plans for New Gas Plant in New Jersey New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys.
ISSN (print)0953-4075
ISSN (online)1361-6455
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles