How to format your references using the Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D 2001 Public library set to turn publisher as boycott looms Nature 412 469
A journal article with 2 authors
Wheeler T and von Braun J 2013 Climate change impacts on global food security Science 341 508–13
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty S, Yanchulova P and Thiemens M H 2013 Mass-independent oxygen isotopic partitioning during gas-phase SiO2 formation Science 342 463–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ye M, Sanchez H M, Hultz M, Yang Z, Bogorad M, Wong A D and Searson P C 2014 Brain microvascular endothelial cells resist elongation due to curvature and shear stress Sci. Rep. 4 4681

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad W M 2009 Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Kim-Prieto C 2014 Religion and Spirituality Across Cultures vol 9 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Xu T, Yuan Y and Yoo J J 2010 Cell Source for Tissue and Organ Printing Printed Biomaterials: Novel Processing and Modeling Techniques for Medicine and Surgery Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering ed R Narayan, T Boland and Y-S Lee (New York, NY: Springer) pp 57–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics.

Blog post
Andrews R 2015 Want Your Own Hoverboard? It’s Yours, For Just $420! IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2005 Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bissell G H 2011 Working in the transference as a multicultural intervention Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear M D and Gordon M R 2017 With Tensions Rising, How U.S. Military Actions Could Play Out in North Korea New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys.
ISSN (print)0953-4075
ISSN (online)1361-6455
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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