How to format your references using the Gastrointestinal Tumors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gastrointestinal Tumors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Carucci D. Know thine enemy. Nature. 2004 Aug;430(7002):944–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Beg AA, Scheiffele P. Neuroscience. SUMO wrestles the synapse. Science. 2006 Feb;311(5763):962–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Acuna DE, Allesina S, Kording KP. Future impact: Predicting scientific success. Nature. 2012 Sep;489(7415):201–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Blaauwgeers R, Eltsov VB, Krusius M, Ruohio JJ, Schanen R, Volovik GE. Double-quantum vortex in superfluid 3He-A. Nature. 2000 Mar;404(6777):471–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Soprano A. Liquidity Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1
Schönthaler F. Business Processes for Business Communities: Modeling Languages, Methods, Tools. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Silanikove N. Milk Lipoprotein Membranes and Their Imperative Enzymes. In: Bösze Z, editor. Bioactive Components of Milk. New York, NY: Springer; 2008; pp 143–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gastrointestinal Tumors.

Blog post
1
Fang J. New Croc-like Carnivore Preceded Dinosaurs [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jan [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-croc-carnivore-preceded-dinosaurs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Human Factors: Status of Efforts to Integrate Research on Human Factors Into FAA’s Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Watterson T. Changes in Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Social Support for Middle School Students Using the AFIT App as a Supplement to Instruction in a Physical Education Class. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
de la MERCED MJ. In Rare Move, K.K.R. Picks Possible Heirs To Founders. New York Times. 2017 Jul;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGastrointestinal Tumors
AbbreviationGastrointest. Tumors
ISSN (print)2296-3774
ISSN (online)2296-3766
Scope

Other styles