How to format your references using the Gastrointestinal Tumors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gastrointestinal Tumors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Powell K. Growing pains. Nature. 2003 May;423(6939):568–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Koh LP, Wilcove DS. Cashing in palm oil for conservation. Nature. 2007 Aug;448(7157):993–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Oka Y, Ye M, Zuker CS. Thirst driving and suppressing signals encoded by distinct neural populations in the brain. Nature. 2015 Apr;520(7547):349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Li Z-Z, Lam C-H, Yu T, You JQ. Detector-induced backaction on the counting statistics of a double quantum dot. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct;3:3026.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Lu J, Zhao X, Yamada S. Harmonic Balance Finite Element Method. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1
Nicholson LA. Understanding the Caribbean Enterprise: Insights from MSMEs and Family Owned Businesses. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Morales JM, Conejo AJ, Madsen H, Pinson P, Zugno M. Managing Uncertainty with Flexibility. In: Conejo AJ, Madsen H, Pinson P, Zugno M, editors. Integrating Renewables in Electricity Markets: Operational Problems. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014; pp 137–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gastrointestinal Tumors.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. Crystals Found In Siberian Crater Are Unlike Anything Else Found On Earth [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Dec [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/scientists-have-found-the-third-ever-natural-quasicrystal-/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Chinese Version). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Best ML. Assistant Principals and Reform: A Socialization Paradox? 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kishkovsky S. With a New Western Arrival, Moscow Rocks. New York Times. 1998 Nov;235.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGastrointestinal Tumors
AbbreviationGastrointest. Tumors
ISSN (print)2296-3774
ISSN (online)2296-3766
Scope

Other styles