How to format your references using the Biophysics Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysics Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ackert RP Jr (2003) Glaciology. An ice sheet remembers. Science 299:57–58
A journal article with 2 authors
Mesterton-Gibbons M, Adams ES (2002) Behavioral ecology. The economics of animal cooperation. Science 298:2146–2147
A journal article with 3 authors
Gladyshev EA, Meselson M, Arkhipova IR (2008) Massive horizontal gene transfer in bdelloid rotifers. Science 320:1210–1213
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jardine AP, Dworski S, Fouquet P, et al (2004) Ultrahigh-resolution spin-echo measurement of surface potential energy landscapes. Science 304:1790–1793

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moll W, Moll A (2011) Schallschutz im Wohnungsbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Xu W, Xiao L, Li J, Zhang C (eds) (2016) Computer Engineering and Technology: 19th CCF Conference, NCCET 2015, Hefei, China, October 18-20, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Budiasa IW, Kato H (2016) A Participatory Approach to Enhance Multistakeholders’ Participation in the Saba River Basin. In: Nakagami K, Kubota J, Setiawan BI (eds) Sustainable Water Management: New Perspectives, Design, and Practices. Springer, Singapore, pp 67–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysics Reports.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Catastrophic Erosion Cut Britain Off From Europe Nearly Half A Million Years Ago. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) International Trade: Concerns Over Biotechnology Challenge U.S. Agricultural Exports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ge Z (2009) Link performance analysis of disaster monitoring system. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) Hitting Delay When News Cuts Too Close. New York Times AR19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ackert 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mesterton-Gibbons and Adams 2002; Ackert 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mesterton-Gibbons and Adams 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Jardine et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysics Reports
AbbreviationBiophys. Rep.
ISSN (print)2364-3439
ISSN (online)2364-3420

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