How to format your references using the Psychological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hippel, P. H. (2004). Biochemistry. Completing the view of transcriptional regulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5682), 350–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Emery, N. J., & Clayton, N. S. (2004). The mentality of crows: convergent evolution of intelligence in corvids and apes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5703), 1903–1907.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kreiman, G., Koch, C., & Fried, I. (2000). Imagery neurons in the human brain. Nature, 408(6810), 357–361.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jiang, Y., Choi, W. H., Lee, J. H., Han, D. H., Kim, J. H., Chung, Y.-S., et al. (2014). A neurostimulant para-chloroamphetamine inhibits the arginylation branch of the N-end rule pathway. Scientific reports, 4, 6344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Katsilambros, N., Diakoumopoulou, E., Ioannidis, I., Liatis, S., Makrilakis, K., Tentolouris, N., & Tsapogas, P. (2006). Diabetes in Clinical Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Navathe, S. B., Wu, W., Shekhar, S., Du, X., Wang, S. X., & Xiong, H. (Eds.). (2016). Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 21st International Conference, DASFAA 2016, Dallas, TX, USA, April 16-19, 2016, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 9643). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Campbell, H. E. A. E., & Wehlau, D. L. (2011). Examples. In D. L. Wehlau (Ed.), Modular Invariant Theory (pp. 59–81). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 23). When Did Megalodon Disappear From The Oceans? IFLScience. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-calculations-suggest-megalodon-became-extinct-26-million-years-ago/. Accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). ADP Procurements: Food and Drug Administration Circumvented Procurement Regulations (No. IMTEC-87-48). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff, E. A. (2011). The community college baccalaureate: A study of capital costs in Florida (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2016, October 20). More College Rankings, More Confusing Results. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Hippel 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Emery and Clayton 2004; von Hippel 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Emery and Clayton 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Research
AbbreviationPsychol. Res.
ISSN (print)0340-0727
ISSN (online)1430-2772
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Medicine
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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