How to format your references using the Biochemical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wagner A (2002) Retrospective. Willibald Jentschke (1911-2002). Science 296:672
A journal article with 2 authors
Heo JB, Sung S (2011) Vernalization-mediated epigenetic silencing by a long intronic noncoding RNA. Science 331:76–79
A journal article with 3 authors
Vidale JE, Dodge DA, Earle PS (2000) Slow differential rotation of the Earth’s inner core indicated by temporal changes in scattering. Nature 405:445–448
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nakano R, Takanashi T, Surlykke A, et al (2013) Evolution of deceptive and true courtship songs in moths. Sci Rep 3:2003

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes BK (2015) Exercising Influence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hosking RJ (2016) Fundamental Fluid Mechanics and Magnetohydrodynamics, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Cariou V, Cubillé J, Derquenne C, et al (2008) Built-In Indicators to Discover Interesting Drill Paths in a Cube. In: Song I-Y, Eder J, Nguyen TM (eds) Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 10th International Conference, DaWaK 2008 Turin, Italy, September 2-5, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Genetics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Cosmic Rays Increased Chances Of Apollo Astronauts Having Heart Problems, Study Says. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Financial Difficulties and Funding at D-Q University. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ugwu RI (2012) Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland R, Timur S (2016) Turkey Fires 15,000 More Public Workers in Crackdown. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wagner 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Wagner 2002; Heo and Sung 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heo and Sung 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakano et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Genetics
AbbreviationBiochem. Genet.
ISSN (print)0006-2928
ISSN (online)1573-4927
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles