How to format your references using the Biochemical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benniston A (2013) Chemistry. Corralling positively charged molecular radicals. Science 339:404–405
A journal article with 2 authors
Dubrovinskaia N, Dubrovinsky L (2013) Controversy about ultrahard nanotwinned cBN. Nature 502:E1-2
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuster JM, Bodner M, Kroger JK (2000) Cross-modal and cross-temporal association in neurons of frontal cortex. Nature 405:347–351
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Soden BJ, Jackson DL, Ramaswamy V, et al (2005) The radiative signature of upper tropospheric moistening. Science 310:841–844

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Assing D, Calé S (2013) Mobile Access Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 07030 USA
An edited book
Pandey JK, Reddy KR, Mohanty AK, Misra M (eds) (2014) Handbook of Polymernanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application: Volume A: Layered Silicates. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Merkel M, Pannert W, Winkler R (2009) On the Vibroacoustic Behaviour of HSS. In: Öechsner A, Augustin C (eds) Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures: Manufacturing, Properties and Application. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Genetics.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Historic Paris Climate Agreement Set To Come Into Force After EU Ratification. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Rural Children: Increasing Poverty Rates Pose Educational Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Panjabi C (2010) Real and imagined immigrant identities in the public sphere: Representations of South Asian women in literary and television media. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Earning a Royal Silver, as Britain Continues Its Wait for a Gold. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benniston 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Benniston 2013; Dubrovinskaia and Dubrovinsky 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dubrovinskaia and Dubrovinsky 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Soden et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Genetics
AbbreviationBiochem. Genet.
ISSN (print)0006-2928
ISSN (online)1573-4927
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles