How to format your references using the Biochemical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jensen MH (2002) Obituary: Per Bak (1947-2002). Nature 420:284
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang J, Genack AZ (2011) Transport through modes in random media. Nature 471:345–348
A journal article with 3 authors
Pulendran B, Palucka K, Banchereau J (2001) Sensing pathogens and tuning immune responses. Science 293:253–256
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yusupova G, Jenner L, Rees B, et al (2006) Structural basis for messenger RNA movement on the ribosome. Nature 444:391–394

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Giannini F, Leuzzi G (2005) Nonlinear Microwave Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schneider PM (ed) (2010) Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagogastric Junction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Varon J, Fromm RE (2014) Hematological Facts and Formulas. In: Fromm RE Jr (ed) Acute and Critical Care Formulas and Laboratory Values. Springer, New York, NY, pp 45–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) 9 Science-Backed Studying Tips. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Traffic Safety: Grants Generally Address Key Safety Issues, Despite State Eligibility and Management Difficulties. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chakravarty S (2009) Harvesting health: Fertilizer, nutrition and AIDS treatment in Kenya. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mele C, Stevens M (2017) Bruce Hampton, 70, Jam-Band Patriarch. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jensen 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Jensen 2002; Wang and Genack 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Genack 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Yusupova et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Genetics
AbbreviationBiochem. Genet.
ISSN (print)0006-2928
ISSN (online)1573-4927
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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