How to format your references using the Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sloggett JJ. Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science 2013; 341: 1342.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhu H, Owen MR. Damped propagation of cell polarization explains distinct PCP phenotypes of epithelial patterning. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2528.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
James S, Simmons CP, James AA. Ecology. Mosquito trials. Science 2011; 334: 771–2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Bowers PM, Cokus SJ, Eisenberg D, Yeates TO. Use of logic relationships to decipher protein network organization. Science 2004; 306: 2246–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bonald T, Feuillet M. Network Performance Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2011. .
An edited book
1.
Bosch P, Gabelaia D, Lang J, editors. Logic, Language, and Computation: 7th International Tbilisi Symposium on Logic, Language, and Computation, TbiLLC 2007, Tbilisi, Georgia, October 1-5, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009. .
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ho D. Nanodiamond-Based Chemotherapy and Imaging. In: Mirkin CA, Meade TJ, Petrosko SH, Stegh AH, editors. Nanotechnology-Based Precision Tools for the Detection and Treatment of Cancer. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015. ; 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Axolotl feared extinct in the wild [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 Jan 30 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/axolotl-feared-extinct-wild/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Review of Expenditures of Federal Funds Granted Under the Community Service and Continuing Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wilkinson B. You Got to Pray Just to Make It Today: The Relationship between Disclosure Disconnects, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment among Atheistic Employees. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Qiu L. Dubious Defense for Voting Against Storm Relief in 2013. New York Times 2017; A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
AbbreviationActa Anaesthesiol. Scand.
ISSN (print)0001-5172
ISSN (online)1399-6576
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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