How to format your references using the Journal of Primary Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Primary Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crow JM. Microbiome: That healthy gut feeling. Nature. 2011 Dec 21;480(7378):S88-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Le Goff L, Lecuit T. Developmental biology. Phase transition in a cell. Science. 2009 Jun 26;324(5935):1654–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Horne-Badovinac S, Rebagliati M, Stainier DYR. A cellular framework for gut-looping morphogenesis in zebrafish. Science. 2003 Oct 24;302(5645):662–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kaneda M, Okano M, Hata K, Sado T, Tsujimoto N, Li E, et al. Essential role for de novo DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3a in paternal and maternal imprinting. Nature. 2004 Jun 24;429(6994):900–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ippolito LJ Jr. Satellite Communications Systems Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Herrero Á, Corchado E, editors. Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems: 4th International Conference, CISIS 2011, Held at IWANN 2011, Torremolinos-Málaga, Spain, June 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XIV, 310 p. 72 illus., 39 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6694).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hassmén P, Keegan R, Piggott D. Research Paradigms, Methodologies and Methods. In: Keegan R, Piggott D, editors. Rethinking Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: Past, Present and Future. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 105–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Primary Health Care.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Saving Nemo: How Climate Change Threatens Anemonefish And Their Homes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/saving-nemo-how-climate-change-threatens-anemonefish-and-their-homes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Super Collider--National Security Benefits, Similar Projects, and Cost. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 May. Report No.: RCED-93-158.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pulido BB. Homes as grounding counterspaces: Mexicana undocumented students utilizing mother-daughter pedagogies of resistance to succeed in higher education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Burghardt LF. Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times. 2006 Jun 4;14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Primary Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Prim. Health Care
ISSN (print)1172-6164
ISSN (online)1172-6156
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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