How to format your references using the Psychological Injury and Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Injury and Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neubert, T. (2003). Atmospheric science. On sprites and their exotic kin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5620), 747–749.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schadt, C. W., & Rosling, A. (2015). FUNGAL BIOGEOGRAPHY. Comment on “Global diversity and geography of soil fungi.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6242), 1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nelson, F. E., Anisimov, O. A., & Shiklomanov, N. I. (2001). Subsidence risk from thawing permafrost. Nature, 410(6831), 889–890.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Juan, L., Tong, H.-L., Zhang, P., Guo, G., Wang, Z., Wen, X., et al. (2014). Identification and characterization of novel serum microRNA candidates from deep sequencing in cervical cancer patients. Scientific reports, 4, 6277.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maguire, L., & Smith, E. (2012). 30 Great Myths about Shakespeare. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Wagner, H., Bauer, R., Melchart, D., Xiao, P.-G., & Staudinger, A. (Eds.). (2011). Chromatographic Fingerprint Analysis of Herbal Medicines: Thin-layer and High Performance Liquid Chromatography of Chinese Drugs (Second, Revised and Enlarged Edition.). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakatani, A., & Shimokawa, T. (2007). Microstructural Evolution in Crystalline Metal Induced by Plastic Deformation. In Y. L. Bai, Q. S. Zheng, & Y. G. Wei (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005 (pp. 25–35). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Injury and Law.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 14). Trial Suggests Medical Marijuana Could Offer Hope For Children With Severe Epilepsy. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). FAA Research, Engineering and Development Issues (No. T-RCED-89-21). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breska, J. (2013). Mentoring for juvenile gang members and at-risk youth: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, August 28). Mets Split a Doubleheader With the Nationals as Their Bullpen Gets a Workout. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neubert 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Neubert 2003; Schadt and Rosling 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schadt and Rosling 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Juan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Injury and Law
AbbreviationPsychol. Inj. Law
ISSN (print)1938-971X
ISSN (online)1938-9728
Psychiatry and Mental health

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