How to format your references using the Psychological Injury and Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Injury and Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCoy, S. W. (2015). GEOMORPHOLOGY. Landscapes in the lab. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pati, A. K., & Braunstein, S. L. (2000). Impossibility of deleting an unknown quantum state. Nature, 404(6774), 164–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugden, A., Smith, J., & Pennisi, E. (2008). The future of forests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1435.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Möller, J., Lühmann, T., Chabria, M., Hall, H., & Vogel, V. (2013). Macrophages lift off surface-bound bacteria using a filopodium-lamellipodium hook-and-shovel mechanism. Scientific reports, 3, 2884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mead, J. M., & Gruneberg, S. (2013). Programme Procurement in Construction. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Atallah, M. J., & Hopper, N. J. (Eds.). (2010). Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 10th International Symposium, PETS 2010, Berlin, Germany, July 21-23, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6205). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sanzana, H. C., Almonacid, A., & Mendez, E. O. (2015). Good Practices in Private Parks. Valdivian Coastal Reservation. In A. Panosso Netto & L. G. G. Trigo (Eds.), Tourism in Latin America: Cases of Success (pp. 85–103). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Injury and Law.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 25). Kuwait Scorched By 54-Degree Heat On Hottest Day Ever In Eastern Hemisphere. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Bid Rejection Protest (No. B-178720). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahimi, R. M. (2014). Investigation of Porosity Evolution and Orthotropic Axes on Anisotropic Materials (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, June 9). On Infrastructure, Claims That Don’t Quite Get Off the Ground. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCoy 2015).
This sentence cites two references (McCoy 2015; Pati and Braunstein 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pati and Braunstein 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Möller et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Injury and Law
AbbreviationPsychol. Inj. Law
ISSN (print)1938-971X
ISSN (online)1938-9728
Psychiatry and Mental health

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