How to format your references using the Psychological Injury and Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Injury and Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowak, M. A. (2004). Prisoners of the dilemma. Nature, 427(6974), 491.
A journal article with 2 authors
Messing, G. L., & Stevenson, A. J. (2008). Materials science. Toward pore-free ceramics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5900), 383–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
Myrskylä, M., Kohler, H.-P., & Billari, F. C. (2009). Advances in development reverse fertility declines. Nature, 460(7256), 741–743.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dymond, J. S., Richardson, S. M., Coombes, C. E., Babatz, T., Muller, H., Annaluru, N., et al. (2011). Synthetic chromosome arms function in yeast and generate phenotypic diversity by design. Nature, 477(7365), 471–476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff, H. A., Reuben, B. G., & Plotkin, J. S. (2012). Industrial Organic Chemicals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dubey, S. P. (2015). Color Atlas of Head and Neck Surgery: A Step-by-Step Guide. (C. P. Molumi, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Triantafyllidis, T., Röchter, L., & Niemunis, A. (2011). SHEAR BANDING IN GEOMATERIALS IN PLANE STRAIN: PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL MODELS. In R. I. Borja (Ed.), Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics: Resultsof the Workshop on Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics, Stanford, June 23–25, 2010 (pp. 13–16). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Injury and Law.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). What Happens When You Mix Molten Lead And Coca-Cola? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Federal-Aid Highways: Trends, Effect on State Spending, and Options for Future Program Design (No. GAO-04-802). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eutz, R. J. (2014). The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., & Chapman, M. M. (2015, September 19). Smaller Pay Gap in New Contract at Fiat Chrysler. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowak 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Messing and Stevenson 2008; Nowak 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Messing and Stevenson 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dymond et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Injury and Law
AbbreviationPsychol. Inj. Law
ISSN (print)1938-971X
ISSN (online)1938-9728
ScopeEcology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Law

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