How to format your references using the Advances in Digestive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Digestive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Butler D. Report backs military axis on space. Nature 2003;421:301.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Long T, Wyse S. IBI series winner. A season for inquiry: investigating phenology in local campus trees. Science 2012;335:932–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lin J, Balabin IA, Beratan DN. The nature of aqueous tunneling pathways between electron-transfer proteins. Science 2005;310:1311–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Urano T, Saito T, Tsukui T, Fujita M, Hosoi T, Muramatsu M, et al. Efp targets 14-3-3 sigma for proteolysis and promotes breast tumour growth. Nature 2002;417:871–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Memming R. Semiconductor Electrochemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Bernard A, Tichkiewitch S, editors. Methods and Tools for Effective Knowledge Life-Cycle-Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
De León MSP, Zollikofer CPE. Neanderthals and modern humans — chimps and bonobos: similarities and differences in development and evolution. In: Hublin J-J, Harvati K, Harrison T, editors. Neanderthals Revisited: New Approaches and Perspectives, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006, p. 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Digestive Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. There May Be Twice As Many Species Of Birds Than Is Currently Recognized. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/there-may-be-twice-as-many-species-of-birds-than-is-currently-recognized/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Organizational Structure and Information Systems Used To Manage the Army’s Depot-Level Maintenance Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Villanueva R. Issues of performance practice: The influence of Franz Strauss upon Richard Strauss’s Horn Concerto No. 1. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. In California, Study Says, Teachers’ Pensions Fall Short of Other Public Workers’. New York Times 2011:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Digestive Medicine
AbbreviationAdv. Dig. Med.
ISSN (print)2351-9797
Scope

Other styles