How to format your references using the Advances in Digestive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Digestive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Christianson DW. Biochemistry. Five golden rings. Science 2006;311:1382–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ernest SK, Brown JH. Delayed compensation for missing keystone species by colonization. Science 2001;292:101–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gollihar J, Levy M, Ellington AD. Biochemistry. Many paths to the origin of life. Science 2014;343:259–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lelieveld J, Bourtsoukidis E, Brühl C, Fischer H, Fuchs H, Harder H, et al. The South Asian monsoon-pollution pump and purifier. Science 2018;361:270–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hernandez EM, Kamal-Eldin A. Processing and Nutrition of Fats and Oils. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Behrends E, Crato N, Rodrigues JF, editors. Raising Public Awareness of Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kunkel KE, Moss R, Parris A. Innovations in science and scenarios for assessment. In: Jacobs K, Moser S, Buizer J, editors. The US National Climate Assessment: Innovations in Science and Engagement, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Digestive Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Lab-Grown Corneas Could Help Fight Blindness. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/lab-grown-corneas-help-fight-blindness/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dimick E. A Comparative Study on Pheromone Communication between Schizophyllum species. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. Keeper of the Family Stories. New York Times 2017:C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Digestive Medicine
AbbreviationAdv. Dig. Med.
ISSN (print)2351-9797
Scope

Other styles