How to format your references using the Advances in Digestive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Digestive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
King DA. The scientific impact of nations. Nature 2004;430:311–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Chou K-M, Cheng Y-C. An exonucleolytic activity of human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease on 3’ mispaired DNA. Nature 2002;415:655–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kremer M, Brannen C, Glennerster R. The challenge of education and learning in the developing world. Science 2013;340:297–300.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Collins GA, Lipford JR, Deshaies RJ, Tansey WP. Gal4 turnover and transcription activation. Nature 2009;461:E7; discussion E8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chase CW. Next Generation Demand Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Piquero AR, Weisburd D, editors. Handbook of Quantitative Criminology. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Tsai M-L. Conflicting Images of Young Taiwanese Children. In: Hsu S, Wu Y-Y, editors. Education as Cultivation in Chinese Culture, Singapore: Springer; 2015, p. 87–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Digestive Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Snakes Probably Lost Their Legs Swimming, Not Burrowing. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Intermodal Freight Transportation: Combined Rail-Truck Service Offers Public Benefits, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sherman CP. The effect of head and heart on municipal employee retention. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Yablonsky L. Spacewalk. New York Times 2012:ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Digestive Medicine
AbbreviationAdv. Dig. Med.
ISSN (print)2351-9797
Scope

Other styles