How to format your references using the Advances in Digestive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Digestive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smith C. Tools for drug discovery: tools of the trade. Nature 2007;446:219–22.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Radisky DC, Bissell MJ. Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science 2004;303:775–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Li Q, Foote M, Chen J. Effects of histone deacetylase inhibitor valproic acid on skeletal myocyte development. Sci Rep 2014;4:7207.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Moore DL, Blackmore MG, Hu Y, Kaestner KH, Bixby JL, Lemmon VP, et al. KLF family members regulate intrinsic axon regeneration ability. Science 2009;326:298–301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dewulf G, Blanken A, Bult-Spiering M. Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Zhou Y. Empirical Analysis on Income Inequality of Chinese Residents. vol. 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cipolla Ficarra FV. Ergonomy, Industrial Design and Divine Proportion. In: Cipolla-Ficarra F, Veltman K, Cipolla-Ficarra M, Kratky A, editors. Communicability, Computer Graphics and Innovative Design for Interactive Systems: First International Symposium, CCGIDIS 2011, Córdoba, Spain, June 28-29, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Digestive Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Evans K. Ancient Turtles Evolved Necks To Snap Up Prey, Not As Timid Defense. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Substitution of Shore Leave for Sick Leave. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lytle SC. Giving voice to the past: New editions of select repertoire of the 26th Regiment Band, North Carolina troops, C.S.A. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2017:MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Digestive Medicine
AbbreviationAdv. Dig. Med.
ISSN (print)2351-9797
Scope

Other styles