How to format your references using the Advances in Digestive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Digestive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Check E. Biomedical funding remains flat. Nature 2006;439:644.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jakosky BM, Phillips RJ. Mars’ volatile and climate history. Nature 2001;412:237–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mosey NJ, Müser MH, Woo TK. Molecular mechanisms for the functionality of lubricant additives. Science 2005;307:1612–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Cusanovich DA, Reddington JP, Garfield DA, Daza RM, Aghamirzaie D, Marco-Ferreres R, et al. The cis-regulatory dynamics of embryonic development at single-cell resolution. Nature 2018;555:538–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chan EP. Algorithmic Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Boulabiar K, Buskes G, Triki A, editors. Positivity. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Klopfleisch R. Skin Tumors. In: Klopfleisch R, editor. Veterinary Oncology: A Short Textbook, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 59–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Digestive Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Stone-Tipped Spears Were Around Before Homo Sapiens. IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/stone-tipped-spears-were-around-homo-sapiens/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Runway and Ramp Safety: Sustained Efforts to Address Leadership, Technology, and Other Challenges Needed to Reduce Accidents and Incidents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bunkley RL. A mentoring program for adolescents in a placement facility: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. With Young Rhythm in His Bones, A Drummers’ Drummer Turns 80. New York Times 2000:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Digestive Medicine
AbbreviationAdv. Dig. Med.
ISSN (print)2351-9797
Scope

Other styles