How to format your references using the Terra Nova citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Terra Nova. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forde, A., 2005. The class of 2005. Norway: a neuroscientist making connections: Science (New York, N.Y.), 310, p. 521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Imura, T. and Tomonaga, M., 2013. Differences between chimpanzees and humans in visual temporal integration: Scientific reports, 3, p. 3256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mellman, I., Coukos, G. and Dranoff, G., 2011. Cancer immunotherapy comes of age: Nature, 480, p. 480–489.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Neafsey, D.E., Lawniczak, M.K.N., Park, D.J., Redmond, S.N., Coulibaly, M.B., Traoré, S.F., Sagnon, N., Costantini, C., Johnson, C., Wiegand, R.C., Collins, F.H., Lander, E.S., Wirth, D.F., Kafatos, F.C., Besansky, N.J., Christophides, G.K. and Muskavitch, M.A.T., 2010. SNP genotyping defines complex gene-flow boundaries among African malaria vector mosquitoes: Science (New York, N.Y.), 330, p. 514–517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Focardi, S.M., Fabozzi, F.J. and Bali, T.G., 2013. Mathematical Methods for Finance: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Oosterom, P. van, Zlatanova, S. and Fendel, E.M. (Eds.), 2005. Geo-information for Disaster Management: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Foelsch, P.A., Schlüter-Müller, S., Odom, A.E., Arena, H.T., Borzutzky, A.H. and Schmeck, K., 2014. Treatment. In: Adolescent Identity Treatment: An Integrative Approach for Personality Pathology (Schlüter-Müller, S.,, Odom, A.E.,, Arena, H.T.,, Borzutzky H., A., and Schmeck, K., eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, p. 59–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Terra Nova.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Forces of Evolution: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Promising Practice: Private Programs Guaranteeing Student Aid for Higher Education: U.S. Government Printing Office PEMD-90-16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, S.G., 2010. Devotion to land: The Virgin Mary and the Mudejar in the post-conquest program of Alfonso X of Castile, 1252–1284 [Doctoral dissertation]: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. and Pilon, M., 2012. A Careful Evangelical: New York Times,, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forde, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Forde, 2005; Imura and Tomonaga, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Imura and Tomonaga, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Neafsey et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleTerra Nova
AbbreviationTerra Nova
ISSN (print)0954-4879
ISSN (online)1365-3121

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