How to format your references using the Terra Nova citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Terra Nova. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, T., 2015. ARTIFICIAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS. More efficient together: Science (New York, N.Y.), 350, p. 738–739.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miniati, F. and Beresnyak, A., 2015. Self-similar energetics in large clusters of galaxies: Nature, 523, p. 59–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mashchenko, S., Wadsley, J. and Couchman, H.M.P., 2008. Stellar feedback in dwarf galaxy formation: Science (New York, N.Y.), 319, p. 174–177.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klein, D.E., Nappi, V.M., Reeves, G.T., Shvartsman, S.Y. and Lemmon, M.A., 2004. Argos inhibits epidermal growth factor receptor signalling by ligand sequestration: Nature, 430, p. 1040–1044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Piegorsch, W.W. and Bailer, A.J., 2005. Analyzing Environmental Data: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Elfadel, I. (abe) M. and Fettweis, G. (Eds.), 2016. 3D Stacked Chips: From Emerging Processes to Heterogeneous Systems: Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ribes, R., Iannarelli, P. and Duarte, R.F., 2009. Writing a Manuscript. In: English for Biomedical Scientists (Iannarelli, P., and Duarte, R.F., eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 74–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Terra Nova.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Aggression And Sexual Cannibalism In Wolf Spiders: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Basic Agreements With Educational Institutions or Nonprofit Organizations for Award of Research and Development Contracts: U.S. Government Printing Office B-200941.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Panteleyeva, N.B., 2010. Statistical methods of latent structure discovery in child-directed speech [Doctoral dissertation]: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2015. The Gown Is Free, the Salute Heartfelt: New York Times,, p. ST23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang, 2015; Miniati and Beresnyak, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miniati and Beresnyak, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Klein et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTerra Nova
AbbreviationTerra Nova
ISSN (print)0954-4879
ISSN (online)1365-3121

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