How to format your references using the Terra Nova citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Terra Nova. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trevan, T., 2015. Biological research: Rethink biosafety: Nature, 527, p. 155–158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mathieu, R.D. and Geller, A.M., 2009. A binary star fraction of 76 per cent and unusual orbit parameters for the blue stragglers of NGC 188: Nature, 462, p. 1032–1035.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zilberman, D., Cao, X. and Jacobsen, S.E., 2003. ARGONAUTE4 control of locus-specific siRNA accumulation and DNA and histone methylation: Science (New York, N.Y.), 299, p. 716–719.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dai, B., Zhang, Y., Zhan, Y., Zhang, D., Wang, N. and He, L., 2014. A novel tissue model for angiogenesis: evaluation of inhibitors or promoters in tissue level: Scientific reports, 4, p. 3693.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Katsilambros, N., Diakoumopoulou, E., Ioannidis, I., Liatis, S., Makrilakis, K., Tentolouris, N. and Tsapogas, P., 2006. Diabetes in Clinical Practice: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
MacKenzie, G. and Peng, D. (Eds.), 2014. Statistical Modelling in Biostatistics and Bioinformatics: Selected Papers: Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ansari, D., Price, G. and Holloway, I., 2010. Typical and Atypical Development of Basic Numerical Magnitude Representations: A Review of Behavioral and Neuroimaging Studies. In: The Developmental Relations among Mind, Brain and Education: Essays in Honor of Robbie Case (Ferrari, M., and Vuletic, L., eds.) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, p. 105–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Terra Nova.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Ultrafast Camera Caught Light Doing A “Sonic Boom”: IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. U.S. Airports: Selected Airports’ Views on Federal Requirements: U.S. Government Printing Office RCED-99-58R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray, R.T., 2015. Utilization of a Clinical Reminder System to Increase the Incidence of HIV Screening in a Primary Care Clinic [Doctoral dissertation]: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2016. My Year in Reading: New York Times,, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trevan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Trevan, 2015; Mathieu and Geller, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mathieu and Geller, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Dai et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTerra Nova
AbbreviationTerra Nova
ISSN (print)0954-4879
ISSN (online)1365-3121

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