How to format your references using the Psychological Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, D. (2015). History: From blackboards to bombs. Nature, 523(7562), 523–525.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamber, B. S., & Kramers, J. D. (2006). Geochemistry: how well can Pb isotopes date core formation? Nature, 444(7115), E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schirle, N. T., Sheu-Gruttadauria, J., & MacRae, I. J. (2014). Structural basis for microRNA targeting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6209), 608–613.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
McClintock, W. E., Bradley, E. T., Vervack, R. J., Jr, Killen, R. M., Sprague, A. L., Izenberg, N. R., & Solomon, S. C. (2008). Mercury’s exosphere: observations during MESSENGER’s First Mercury flyby. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5885), 92–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooney, N. (2015). How to Be Great at Doing Good. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bainbridge, W. S. (Ed.). (2010). Online Worlds: Convergence of the Real and the Virtual. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ribeiro, G., Duivesteijn, W., Soares, C., & Knobbe, A. (2012). Multilayer Perceptron for Label Ranking. In A. E. P. Villa, W. Duch, P. Érdi, F. Masulli, & G. Palm (Eds.), Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning – ICANN 2012: 22nd International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Lausanne, Switzerland, September 11-14, 2012, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 25–32). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Bulletin.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 24). Racehorses Defy Expectations and Continue to get Faster. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Aviation Security: Implementation of Recommendations Is Under Way, but Completion Will Take Several Years (RCED-98-102). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chahine, J. (2013). Social workers’ perceptions of individuals who use drugs and alcohol problematically [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, December 31). A Giants Rookie Casts a Thoughtful Eye on the World. New York Times, SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser, 2015; Kamber & Kramers, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kamber & Kramers, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Schirle et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (McClintock et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Bulletin
AbbreviationPsychol. Bull.
ISSN (print)0033-2909
ISSN (online)1939-1455
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Psychology

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