How to format your references using the Psychological Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
French, A. N. (2010). Chemistry. Clean, green chiral reactions--just add a salt. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5984), 1365–1366.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brent, R., & Bruck, J. (2006). 2020 computing: can computers help to explain biology? Nature, 440(7083), 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnaud-Haond, S., Arrieta, J. M., & Duarte, C. M. (2011). Global genetic resources. Marine biodiversity and gene patents. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6024), 1521–1522.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, H. X., Gao, J. E., Wu, Y., Jiao, Z. B., Ma, D., Stoica, A. D., … Lu, Z. P. (2013). Enhancing glass-forming ability via frustration of nano-clustering in alloys with a high solvent content. Scientific Reports, 3, 1983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M. H. (2003). Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lutz, H. T., & Gharbi, H. A. (Eds.). (2006). Manual of Diagnostic Ultrasound in Infectious Tropical Diseases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hennigs, N., Karampournioti, E., & Wiedmann, K.-P. (2016). Do as You Would Be Done by: The Importance of Animal Welfare in the Global Beauty Care Industry. In S. S. Muthu & M. A. Gardetti (Eds.), Green Fashion: Volume 1 (pp. 109–125). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Bulletin.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 6). Meet The Wakatobi Flowerpecker, A Newly Discovered Bird From Indonesia. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Air Traffic Control: Good Progress on Interim Replacement for Outage-Plagued System, but Risks Can Be Further Reduced (No. AIMD-97-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koblick, D. C. (2012). Parallel high-precision orbit propagation using the modified Picard-Chebyshev method (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, January 28). Nassau Has $100 Million for Open Space. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (French, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brent & Bruck, 2006; French, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brent & Bruck, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Arnaud-Haond, Arrieta, & Duarte, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Bulletin
AbbreviationPsychol. Bull.
ISSN (print)0033-2909
ISSN (online)1939-1455
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Psychology

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