How to format your references using the Psychological Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zupanc, G. K. H. (2006). Obituary: Theodore H. Bullock (1915-2005). Nature, 439(7074), 280.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bromm, V., & Loeb, A. (2003). The formation of the first low-mass stars from gas with low carbon and oxygen abundances. Nature, 425(6960), 812–814.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blair, A. C., Fisher, E. R., & Rickey, D. (2012). IBI* series winner. Discovering nanoscience. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6098), 1056–1057.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cheng, Y., Austin, S. C., Rocca, B., Koller, B. H., Coffman, T. M., Grosser, T., Lawson, J. A., & FitzGerald, G. A. (2002). Role of prostacyclin in the cardiovascular response to thromboxane A2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 539–541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beagle, J. R. (2013). Surgical Essentials of Immediate Implant Dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Honda, N. (2015). Virtual Turning Points (T. Kawai & Y. Takei, Eds.; Vol. 4). Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Liberty, J., Japikse, P., & Galloway, J. (2014). Binding. In P. Japikse & J. Galloway (Eds.), Pro Windows 8.1 Development with XAML and C# (pp. 79–97). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Bulletin.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, August 24). Degraded Forests Provide Refuge For Animals, New Study Shows. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Aviation Security: Challenges in Using Biometric Technologies (GAO-04-785T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bremond, D. S. (2017). When women win: Prominent leadership traits that contributed to the successful election of women in California [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, July 6). SoundCloud, Former Star In Streaming, Lays Off 173. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zupanc, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm & Loeb, 2003; Zupanc, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bromm & Loeb, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Blair et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cheng et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Bulletin
AbbreviationPsychol. Bull.
ISSN (print)0033-2909
ISSN (online)1939-1455
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Psychology

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