How to format your references using the Psychological Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agarwal, V. K. (2000). “Diamond ceiling” for asian americans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5499), 2075a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gonnermann, H. M., & Mukhopadhyay, S. (2007). Non-equilibrium degassing and a primordial source for helium in ocean-island volcanism. Nature, 449(7165), 1037–1040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pool, J. A., Lobkovsky, E., & Chirik, P. J. (2004). Hydrogenation and cleavage of dinitrogen to ammonia with a zirconium complex. Nature, 427(6974), 527–530.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liou, Y. C., Tocilj, A., Davies, P. L., & Jia, Z. (2000). Mimicry of ice structure by surface hydroxyls and water of a beta-helix antifreeze protein. Nature, 406(6793), 322–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thériault, M., & Rosiers, F. D. (2011). Modeling Urban Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maltz, M. D., & Rice, S. K. (Eds.). (2015). Envisioning Criminology: Researchers on Research as a Process of Discovery. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, M.-W., Huang, Y., Chen, I.-Y., Lu, S.-K., & Kuo, S.-Y. (2006). A Scalable Port Forwarding for P2P-Based Wi-Fi Applications. In X. Cheng, W. Li, & T. Znati (Eds.), Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: First International Conference, WASA 2006, Xi’an, China, August 15-17, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 26–37). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 4). Why Girls Are Put Off Studying Computer Science. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Update of Economic Analysis of Impact Aid Program Reflecting the Educational Amendments of 1974 (HRD-78-132). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black, A. M. (2006). Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ohio Statewide Agricultural Leadership Program [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., & Barnes, B. (2017, October 24). Hulu’s Chief Since 2013 Quits to Lead Sony TV Unit. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agarwal, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Agarwal, 2000; Gonnermann & Mukhopadhyay, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gonnermann & Mukhopadhyay, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Pool et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liou et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Bulletin
AbbreviationPsychol. Bull.
ISSN (print)0033-2909
ISSN (online)1939-1455
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Psychology

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