How to format your references using the Psychological Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Briciu, A.-E. (2014). Wavelet analysis of lunar semidiurnal tidal influence on selected inland rivers across the globe. Scientific Reports, 4, 4193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslov, S., & Sneppen, K. (2002). Specificity and stability in topology of protein networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5569), 910–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamashita, Y. M., Jones, D. L., & Fuller, M. T. (2003). Orientation of asymmetric stem cell division by the APC tumor suppressor and centrosome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5639), 1547–1550.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zubir, N. A., Yacou, C., Motuzas, J., Zhang, X., & Diniz da Costa, J. C. (2014). Structural and functional investigation of graphene oxide-Fe3O4 nanocomposites for the heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction. Scientific Reports, 4, 4594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paoluzzi, A., Pascucci, V., Vicentino, M., Baldazzi, C., & Portuesi, S. (2005). Geometric Programming for Computer-Aided Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wu, X. (2015). Structure-Preserving Algorithms for Oscillatory Differential Equations II (K. Liu & W. Shi, Eds.; 1st ed. 2015). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zühlke, D., Grunst, G., & Röser, K. (2015). Cooperative Feature Selection in Personalized Medicine. In T. V. Guy, M. Kárný, & D. H. Wolpert (Eds.), Decision Making: Uncertainty, Imperfection, Deliberation and Scalability (pp. 119–144). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Bulletin.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, January 26). Has Metallic Hydrogen Been Achieved For The First Time? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Financial Management Systems: Additional Efforts Needed to Address Key Causes of Modernization Failures (GAO-06-184). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, E. (2010). An exploratory study on widows’ experiences following the loss of their spouse [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 28). A Mets Pitcher’s Call-Up From Class AA Is a Surprise to Him. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Briciu, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Briciu, 2014; Maslov & Sneppen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maslov & Sneppen, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Yamashita et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zubir et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Bulletin
AbbreviationPsychol. Bull.
ISSN (print)0033-2909
ISSN (online)1939-1455
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Psychology

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