How to format your references using the Korean Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Korean Journal of Radiology (KJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gille ST. Warming of the Southern Ocean since the 1950s. Science 2002;295:1275–1277
A journal article with 2 authors
Robinson CM, Pfeiffer JK. Virology. Leaping the norovirus hurdle. Science 2014;346:700–701
A journal article with 3 authors
Gunn LJ, Allison A, Abbott D. A directional wave measurement attack against the Kish key distribution system. Sci Rep 2014;4:6461
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hara KY, Wada T, Kino K, Asahi T, Sawamura N. Construction of photoenergetic mitochondria in cultured mammalian cells. Sci Rep 2013;3:1635

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin W. Reservoir Engineering in Modern Oilfields. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016
An edited book
Clay SM. Developing Biofuel Bioprocesses Using Systems and Synthetic Biology. (Fong SS, ed.). New York, NY: Springer, 2013
A chapter in an edited book
Murthy DNP, Jack N. Introduction to Stochastic Optimisation and Game Theory. In: Jack N, ed. Extended Warranties, Maintenance Service and Lease Contracts: Modeling and Analysis for Decision-Making. Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. London: Springer, 2014:77–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Korean Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
Evans K. Nepal Burns Stockpile Of 4,000 Animal Parts To Fight Trafficking. Published May 29, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Education: Management of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mantilla AN. The differences in the educational experiences and caregiver involvement in education between youth in foster care and those in care of their biological parents. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L. In Vancouver, a New Effort to Sell Olympic Condos. New York Times 2011:B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleKorean Journal of Radiology
ISSN (print)1229-6929
ISSN (online)2005-8330

Other styles