How to format your references using the Korean Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Korean Journal of Radiology (KJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Westerterp KR. Pattern and intensity of physical activity. Nature 2001;410:539
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Heo JB, Sung S. Vernalization-mediated epigenetic silencing by a long intronic noncoding RNA. Science 2011;331:76–79
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
McGaha TL, Sorrentino B, Ravetch JV. Restoration of tolerance in lupus by targeted inhibitory receptor expression. Science 2005;307:590–593
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Jedema FJ, Heersche HB, Filip AT, Baselmans JJA, van Wees BJ. Electrical detection of spin precession in a metallic mesoscopic spin valve. Nature 2002;416:713–716

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Higman BW. How Food Made History. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011
An edited book
1.
Ferrer E, Montlaur A, eds. CFD for Wind and Tidal Offshore Turbines. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tan W, Li L, Sun Y. A Novel Performance Prediction Framework for Web Service Workflow Applications. In: Zu Q, Hu B, Gu N, Seng S, eds. Human Centered Computing: First International Conference, HCC 2014, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, November 27-29, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015:55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Korean Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. We May Have Just A Year To Prepare For A Supervolcanic Eruption. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/one-year-to-prepare-for-a-supervolcano-eruption/. Published July 22, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carrier Safety: FMCSA Has Devoted a Small but Increasing Amount of Resources to Develop the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program but Is Requesting a Significant Increase for Full Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kim CS. Electronic Transport of Thin Crystals in Ruthenium Chloride. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Cooper M. A Toothy Strongman Gets a Role at the Met Opera. New York Times 2017:C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleKorean Journal of Radiology
ISSN (print)1229-6929
ISSN (online)2005-8330
Scope

Other styles