How to format your references using the Korean Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Korean Journal of Radiology (KJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T. NASA review leaves projects on launch pad. National Aeronautics & Space Administration. Nature 2000;403:583
A journal article with 2 authors
Tzeng S-R, Kalodimos CG. Dynamic activation of an allosteric regulatory protein. Nature 2009;462:368–372
A journal article with 3 authors
Convertito V, Catalli F, Emolo A. Combining stress transfer and source directivity: the case of the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence. Sci Rep 2013;3:3114
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hwang G-W, Murai Y, Takahashi T, Naganuma A. The protein transportation pathway from Golgi to vacuoles via endosomes plays a role in enhancement of methylmercury toxicity. Sci Rep 2014;4:5888

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Free ML. CBT and Christianity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015
An edited book
Barrios R, Haque AK, eds. Parasitic Diseases of the Lungs. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013
A chapter in an edited book
Ramaekers S, Suissa J. Good Enough Parenting? In: Suissa J, ed. The Claims of Parenting: Reasons, Responsibility and Society. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012:73–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Korean Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Y Chromosome- It’s Not Just Sex. Published April 24, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Managing the Costs of Large-Dollar Highway Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lake AD. Hepatic stress response mechanisms in progressive human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly SR. Good Neighbors, Bad Border. New York Times 2012:A31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleKorean Journal of Radiology
ISSN (print)1229-6929
ISSN (online)2005-8330

Other styles