How to format your references using the Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnitzer MJ. 2002. Biological computation: amazing algorithms. Nature. 416(6882):683
A journal article with 2 authors
Touma JR, Sridhar S. 2015. The disruption of multiplanet systems through resonance with a binary orbit. Nature. 524(7566):439–41
A journal article with 3 authors
Charlebois RL, Beiko RG, Ragan MA. 2003. Microbial phylogenomics: Branching out. Nature. 421(6920):217
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sinkins SP, Walker T, Lynd AR, Steven AR, Makepeace BL, et al. 2005. Wolbachia variability and host effects on crossing type in Culex mosquitoes. Nature. 436(7048):257–60

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braha A, Groza G. 2006. Moderne Abwassertechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Kulikov AS, Woeginger GJ, eds. 2016. Computer Science – Theory and Applications: 11th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2016, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 9-13, 2016, Proceedings, Vol. 9691. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Liddy ED. 2014. iSchools & the iSchool at Syracuse University. In Library and Information Sciences: Trends and Research, eds. C Chen, R Larsen, pp. 31–37. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics.

Blog post
Fang J. 2016. Reproduction Declines With Age In Female Turtles Too. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/reproduction-declines-age-female-turtles-too/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Actions to Mitigate Aircraft Noise at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport. T-RCED-90-4, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tofthagen CS. 2008. Development and psychometric evaluation of the Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Assessment Tool. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L. 2014. Friends, Artists and Partners. New York Times, Dec. 21, , p. ST25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schnitzer 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Schnitzer 2002; Touma & Sridhar 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Touma & Sridhar 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sinkins et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1543-592X
ISSN (online)1545-2069
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Ecology

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