How to format your references using the Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joye SB. 2015. MARINE SCIENCE. Deepwater Horizon, 5 years on. Science. 349(6248):592–93
A journal article with 2 authors
Anastasiadou E, Slack FJ. 2014. Cancer. Malicious exosomes. Science. 346(6216):1459–60
A journal article with 3 authors
Kremer M, Brannen C, Glennerster R. 2013. The challenge of education and learning in the developing world. Science. 340(6130):297–300
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ferrari de Andrade L, Tay RE, Pan D, Luoma AM, Ito Y, et al. 2018. Antibody-mediated inhibition of MICA and MICB shedding promotes NK cell-driven tumor immunity. Science. 359(6383):1537–42

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk JJ. 2016. Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Chai J. 2011. Deformation Analysis in Soft Ground Improvement, Vol. 18. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Mizutani T, Igarashi S, Ikeda Y, Shio M. 2006. Labeled @-Calculus: Formalism for Time-Concerned Human Factors. In Artificial Intelligence and Symbolic Computation: 8th International Conference, AISC 2006 Beijing, China, September 20-22, 2006 Proceedings, eds. J Calmet, T Ida, D Wang, pp. 25–39. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013. Nikon’s 2013 Small World Photomicrography Winners Have Been Announced. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. The Summer Feeding Program: How to Feed the Children and Stop Program Abuses. CED-77-59, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monk KJ. 2014. Effects of distractors and force feedback on an aimed movement task in a CDTI environment. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2016. ‘Hamilton Mixtape’ No. 1 on Chart. New York Times, Dec. 12, , p. C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joye 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Anastasiadou & Slack 2014; Joye 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anastasiadou & Slack 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferrari de Andrade et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1543-592X
ISSN (online)1545-2069
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles