How to format your references using the Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fan X. 2003. Astronomy. Black holes at the cosmic dawn. Science. 300(5620):752–53
A journal article with 2 authors
Braun-Munzinger P, Stachel J. 2007. The quest for the quark-gluon plasma. Nature. 448(7151):302–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Barthelemy P, Bertolotti J, Wiersma DS. 2008. A Lévy flight for light. Nature. 453(7194):495–98
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Whitfield CW, Behura SK, Berlocher SH, Clark AG, Johnston JS, et al. 2006. Thrice out of Africa: ancient and recent expansions of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Science. 314(5799):642–45

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fingerloos F, Hegger J, Zilch K. 2016. EUROCODE 2 Für Deutschland. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Marani E. 2008. The Subthalamic Nucleus Part I: Development, Cytology, Topography and Connections, Vol. 198. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Lun YHV, Lai K-H, Wong CWY, Cheng TCE. 2016. Development of a Green Shipping Network. In Green Shipping Management, eds. K-H Lai, CWY Wong, TCE Cheng, pp. 61–76. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. When It Comes To Nature’s Public Enemy Number One, The Mosquito Is A Modern Monster. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Aviation Safety: New Airlines Illustrate Long-Standing Problems in FAA’s Inspection Program. RCED-97-2, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreno S. 2009. Mother-child relationships: Females behind bars and their children. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. 2015. Feast of Championships. New York Times, Jan. 18, , p. LI10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fan 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Braun-Munzinger & Stachel 2007; Fan 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braun-Munzinger & Stachel 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Whitfield et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1543-592X
ISSN (online)1545-2069
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles