How to format your references using the Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Niven JE. 2012. Behavior. How honeybees break a decision-making deadlock. Science. 335(6064):43–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaquero-Sedas MI, Vega-Palas MA. 2013. Differential association of Arabidopsis telomeres and centromeres with histone H3 variants. Sci. Rep. 3:1202
A journal article with 3 authors
Visel A, Rubin EM, Pennacchio LA. 2009. Genomic views of distant-acting enhancers. Nature. 461(7261):199–205
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu Y, Cain-Hom C, Choy L, Hagenbeek TJ, de Leon GP, et al. 2010. Therapeutic antibody targeting of individual Notch receptors. Nature. 464(7291):1052–57

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Palmquist SR. 2015. Comprehensive Commentary on Kant’s Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Satapathy SC, Raju KS, Mandal JK, Bhateja V, eds. 2016. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computer and Communication Technologies: IC3T 2015, Volume 3, Vol. 381. New Delhi: Springer India. 1st ed. 2016 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdi AA. 2013. Engaging Africanist Philosophies and Epistemologies in Education for Social Development. In Engaged Scholarship: The Politics of Engagement and Disengagement, eds. L Shultz, T Kajner, pp. 55–67. Rotterdam: SensePublishers

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Global Warming Could Lead to European Cooling. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Airline Competition: Fare and Service Changes at St. Louis Since the TWA-Ozark Merger. RCED-88-217BR, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrell BM. 2010. Body composition changes and work-efficiency effects from diet modification and incorporation of an at-home exercise regimen. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2017. From the Land of the Moon. New York Times, July 27, , p. C8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Niven 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Niven 2012; Vaquero-Sedas & Vega-Palas 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaquero-Sedas & Vega-Palas 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1543-592X
ISSN (online)1545-2069
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles