How to format your references using the Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Egger J. 2014. Refinement-cut: user-guided segmentation algorithm for translational science. Sci. Rep. 4:5164
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranero CR, von Huene R. 2000. Subduction erosion along the Middle America convergent margin. Nature. 404(6779):748–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Janasek D, Franzke J, Manz A. 2006. Scaling and the design of miniaturized chemical-analysis systems. Nature. 442(7101):374–80
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Snijder B, Sacher R, Rämö P, Damm E-M, Liberali P, Pelkmans L. 2009. Population context determines cell-to-cell variability in endocytosis and virus infection. Nature. 461(7263):520–23

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cook HF. 2017. The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Zeggini E, Morris A, eds. 2015. Assessing Rare Variation in Complex Traits: Design and Analysis of Genetic Studies. New York, NY: Springer. 1st ed. 2015 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Louberry C, Roose P, Dalmau M. 2011. Kalimucho: Contextual Deployment for QoS Management. In Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 11th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2011, Reykjavik, Iceland, June 6-9, 2011. Proceedings, eds. P Felber, R Rouvoy, pp. 43–56. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. So You Think You Have IBS, Coeliac Disease Or Crohn’s? Here’s What It Might Mean For You. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. Analysis of the Loan Interest Subsidy and Grant Methods of Financing Construction. B-164031(1), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahler EB. 2008. Defining career success in the 21st century: A narrative study of intentional work role transitions. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kirkpatrick DD. 2017. Dubious Past for ‘Professor’ Who Enticed Trump Allies. New York Times, Oct. 31, , p. A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Egger 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Egger 2014; Ranero & von Huene R 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranero & von Huene R 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Snijder et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1543-592X
ISSN (online)1545-2069
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles