How to format your references using the Psychodynamic Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychodynamic Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L. (2006). Protein purification: fast forward. Nature, 439(7079), 1017–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salters, V. J. M., & Dick, H. J. B. (2002). Mineralogy of the mid-ocean-ridge basalt source from neodymium isotopic composition of abyssal peridotites. Nature, 418(6893), 68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paraschiv-Ionescu, A., Buchser, E., & Aminian, K. (2013). Unraveling dynamics of human physical activity patterns in chronic pain conditions. Scientific Reports, 3, 2019.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Harte, J., Ostling, A., Green, J. L., & Kinzig, A. (2004). Biodiversity conservation: climate change and extinction risk. Nature, 430(6995), 3 p following 33; discussion following 33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billingsley, J. (2006). Essentials of Mechatronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Manfredi, R., & Pozzi Mucelli, R. (Eds.). (2015). MRI of the Female and Male Pelvis. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Soliman, M. M., Hassanien, A. E., & Onsi, H. M. (2014). Bio-inspiring Techniques in Watermarking Medical Images: A Review. In A. E. Hassanien, T.-H. Kim, J. Kacprzyk, & A. I. Awad (Eds.), Bio-inspiring Cyber Security and Cloud Services: Trends and Innovations (pp. 93–114). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychodynamic Practice.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, January 27). How To Win At Rock-Paper-Scissors With Science. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Telecommunications: Federal Communications Commission Spectrum Management (RCED-89-62). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yackel, R. J. (2010). Recruitment and retention of nurses in long -term care within the Florida Department of Veterans’ Affairs [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bittman, M. (2012, October 10). Heavenly Earth. New York Times, MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta, 2006; Salters & Dick, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salters & Dick, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Paraschiv-Ionescu et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Harte et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychodynamic Practice
AbbreviationPsychodyn. Pract.
ISSN (print)1475-3634
ISSN (online)1475-3626
ScopeClinical Psychology

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