How to format your references using the Psychodynamic Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychodynamic Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, K. (2008). Toronto rising. Nature, 453(7192), 252–253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Snaith, H. A., & Sawin, K. E. (2003). Fission yeast mod5p regulates polarized growth through anchoring of tea1p at cell tips. Nature, 423(6940), 647–651.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalab, P., Weis, K., & Heald, R. (2002). Visualization of a Ran-GTP gradient in interphase and mitotic Xenopus egg extracts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5564), 2452–2456.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sondermann, P., Huber, R., Oosthuizen, V., & Jacob, U. (2000). The 3.2-A crystal structure of the human IgG1 Fc fragment-Fc gammaRIII complex. Nature, 406(6793), 267–273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirwan, M. J. (2013). Handbook of Paper and Paperboard Packaging Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pham, H. (Ed.). (2008). Recent Advances in Reliability and Quality in Design. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Karvalics, L. Z. (2014). Emerging New Information Literacies – A Conceptual Outlook. In S. Kurbanoğlu, S. Špiranec, E. Grassian, D. Mizrachi, & R. Catts (Eds.), Information Literacy. Lifelong Learning and Digital Citizenship in the 21st Century: Second European Conference, ECIL 2014, Dubrovnik, Croatia, October 20-23, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 37–46). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychodynamic Practice.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, November 30). How The Whale Got Its Baleen. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Telecommunications Management: More Effort Needed by Interior and the Forest Service to Achieve Savings (AIMD-97-67). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perelygin, K. (2012). Developing physics simulations with OpenCL on a graphics processing unit [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, May 4). The Inexhaustible Four. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kleiner, 2008; Snaith & Sawin, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Snaith & Sawin, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kalab et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sondermann et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychodynamic Practice
AbbreviationPsychodyn. Pract.
ISSN (print)1475-3634
ISSN (online)1475-3626
ScopeClinical Psychology

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