How to format your references using the Psychodynamic Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychodynamic Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, K. (2013). Neuroscience: off to night school. Nature, 497(7450), S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hudson, Z. M., & Manners, I. (2014). Chemistry. Assembly and disassembly of ferrocene-based nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6183), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, J., Goldman, A. S., & Hartwig, J. F. (2005). Oxidative addition of ammonia to form a stable monomeric amido hydride complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1080–1082.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yu, E. W., McDermott, G., Zgurskaya, H. I., Nikaido, H., & Koshland, D. E., Jr. (2003). Structural basis of multiple drug-binding capacity of the AcrB multidrug efflux pump. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5621), 976–980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiuwei Wu. (2013). Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Perrone Filardi, P. (Ed.). (2015). ACEi and ARBS in Hypertension and Heart Failure (Vol. 5). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Southerland, S. A., Golden, B., & Enderle, P. (2012). The Bounded Nature of Science: An Effective Tool in an Equitable Approach to the Teaching of Science. In M. S. Khine (Ed.), Advances in Nature of Science Research: Concepts and Methodologies (pp. 75–96). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychodynamic Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 16). How To Predict The Ratio Of Males To Females In Wild Animals. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Financial Management: Briefing on the Federal Aviation Administration’s Inventory Accountability (AIMD-99-98R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clarke, P. N. (2008). Program evaluation: A study to evaluate the effectiveness of an alternative education program in a rural county of a mid-Atlantic U.S. state [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998, March 15). Cobble Hill as Baden-Baden. New York Times, 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hudson & Manners, 2014; Smith, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hudson & Manners, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zhao et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychodynamic Practice
AbbreviationPsychodyn. Pract.
ISSN (print)1475-3634
ISSN (online)1475-3626
ScopeClinical Psychology

Other styles