How to format your references using the Psychological Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Treutlein, P. (2012). Physics. A single spin feels the vibrations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1584–1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metaxas, P. T., & Mustafaraj, E. (2012). Science and society. Social media and the elections. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 472–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshikuni, Y., Ferrin, T. E., & Keasling, J. D. (2006). Designed divergent evolution of enzyme function. Nature, 440(7087), 1078–1082.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guo, P., Xiao, F., Liu, Q., Liu, H., Guo, Y., Gong, J. R., Wang, S., & Liu, Y. (2013). One-pot microbial method to synthesize dual-doped graphene and its use as high-performance electrocatalyst. Scientific Reports, 3, 3499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
He, Z. (2016). Wavelet Analysis and Transient Signal Processing Applications for Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Spiro, E., & Ahn, Y.-Y. (Eds.). (2016). Social Informatics: 8th International Conference, SocInfo 2016, Bellevue, WA, USA, November 11-14, 2016, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 10046). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaggioli, A., Riva, G., Milani, L., & Mazzoni, E. (2013). Conclusion Networked Flow: A Future Vision. In G. Riva, L. Milani, & E. Mazzoni (Eds.), Networked Flow: Towards an Understanding of Creative Networks (pp. 101–104). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Assessment.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, June 29). The Alliance Between Jellyfish And Baby Fish Fails The Acid Test. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Success Depends Upon Strong Management and Structured Approach (T-AIMD-97-173). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, C. M. (2017). Is this working? A study on measuring the effectiveness of efforts to diversify the theatre management field [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, January 27). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Treutlein, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Metaxas & Mustafaraj, 2012; Treutlein, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Metaxas & Mustafaraj, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Yoshikuni et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Assessment
AbbreviationPsychol. Assess.
ISSN (print)1040-3590
ISSN (online)1939-134X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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