How to format your references using the Psychological Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sasai, Y. (2013). Cytosystems dynamics in self-organization of tissue architecture. Nature, 493(7432), 318–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rinn, J., & Guttman, M. (2014). RNA Function. RNA and dynamic nuclear organization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1240–1241.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuomisto, H., Ruokolainen, K., & Yli-Halla, M. (2003). Dispersal, environment, and floristic variation of western Amazonian forests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5604), 241–244.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Katzman, S., Kern, A. D., Bejerano, G., Fewell, G., Fulton, L., Wilson, R. K., Salama, S. R., & Haussler, D. (2007). Human genome ultraconserved elements are ultraselected. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5840), 915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Twomey, B. (2011). Inside the Currency Market. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Miller, T. L. (Ed.). (2016). Endurance Sports Medicine: A Clinical Guide. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Alimaev, I. I., Kerven, C., Torekhanov, A., Behnke, R., Smailov, K., Yurchenko, V., Sisatov, Z., & Shanbaev, K. (2008). The Impact of Livestock Grazing on Soils and Vegetation Around Settlements in Southeast Kazakhstan. In R. Behnke (Ed.), The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of Desertification in Central Asia (pp. 81–112). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Assessment.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 19). How Many Genes Does It Take To Make A Person? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Longer Combination Vehicles: Potential Infrastructure Impacts, Productivity Benefits, and Safety Concerns (T-RCED-94-306). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, A.-C. (2009). Exceptionality and parent -professional conflict: Causes, prevention and resolution [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, June 14). Sampling the Flavors of the City’s Cup. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sasai, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Rinn & Guttman, 2014; Sasai, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rinn & Guttman, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Tuomisto et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Katzman et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Assessment
AbbreviationPsychol. Assess.
ISSN (print)1040-3590
ISSN (online)1939-134X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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