How to format your references using the Psychological Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snieder, R. (2000). The tube worm turns. Nature, 406(6799), 939.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teruel, M. N., & Meyer, T. (2002). Parallel single-cell monitoring of receptor-triggered membrane translocation of a calcium-sensing protein module. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5561), 1910–1912.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hannon, J. B., Tersoff, J., & Tromp, R. M. (2002). Surface stress and thermodynamic nanoscale size selection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 299–301.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Levison, H. F., Bottke, W. F., Gounelle, M., Morbidelli, A., Nesvorný, D., & Tsiganis, K. (2009). Contamination of the asteroid belt by primordial trans-Neptunian objects. Nature, 460(7253), 364–366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brigo, D., Morini, M., & Pallavicini, A. (2013). Counterparty Credit Risk, Collateral and Funding. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Han, W., Huang, Z., Hu, C., Zhang, H., & Guo, L. (Eds.). (2014). Web Technologies and Applications: APWeb 2014 Workshops, SNA, NIS, and IoTS, Changsha, China, September 5, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8710). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jamet, D., Lafrenière, N., & Provençal, X. (2016). Generation of Digital Planes Using Generalized Continued-Fractions Algorithms. In N. Normand, J. Guédon, & F. Autrusseau (Eds.), Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 19th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2016, Nantes, France, April 18-20, 2016. Proceedings (pp. 45–56). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Assessment.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 25). Half-Female, Half-Male Cardinal is a Lonely Bird. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Motor Carrier Safety: Additional Research Standards and Truck Drivers’ Schedule Data Could Allow More Accurate Assessments of the Hours of Service Rule (GAO-15-641). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lincoln, J. J. (2010). Creating a lesson that addresses gender differences in physics testing a specific instructional technique in college level physics education [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 25). Alone Among Starters: Healthy and Dominant. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snieder, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Snieder, 2000; Teruel & Meyer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teruel & Meyer, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Hannon et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Levison et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Assessment
AbbreviationPsychol. Assess.
ISSN (print)1040-3590
ISSN (online)1939-134X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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