How to format your references using the Psychological Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone, R. (2011). Higher education. Crunch time for North Korea’s revolutionary new university. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1624–1625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubenstein, D. R., & Lovette, I. J. (2009). Reproductive skew and selection on female ornamentation in social species. Nature, 462(7274), 786–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas, P., Liu, M. C., & Matthews, B. C. (2004). Discovery of a large dust disk around the nearby star AU Microscopii. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1990–1992.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johnson, J. B., Lees, J. M., Gerst, A., Sahagian, D., & Varley, N. (2008). Long-period earthquakes and co-eruptive dome inflation seen with particle image velocimetry. Nature, 456(7220), 377–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari, M., Ariff, M., & Mohamad, S. (2014). Sukuk Securities. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Belomestny, D. (2015). Lévy Matters IV: Estimation for Discretely Observed Lévy Processes (F. Comte, V. Genon-Catalot, H. Masuda, & M. Reiß, Eds.; Vol. 2128). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kawabe, J. (2011). Riesz Type Integral Representations for Comonotonically Additive Functionals. In S. Li, X. Wang, Y. Okazaki, J. Kawabe, T. Murofushi, & L. Guan (Eds.), Nonlinear Mathematics for Uncertainty and its Applications (pp. 35–42). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Assessment.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, December 19). Kepler Telescope Back With New Exoplanet Discovery. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Training Necessary to Address Data Reliability Issues in NASA Agreement Database and to Minimize Potential Competition with Commercial Sector (GAO-11-552R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia-Manglano, J. (2013). Working for pay or raising a family? Three papers on women’s work expectations and market outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Haberman, M. (2017, August 15). Trump Again Says Two Sides at Fault in Rally Violence. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stone, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rubenstein & Lovette, 2009; Stone, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubenstein & Lovette, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Kalas et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Assessment
AbbreviationPsychol. Assess.
ISSN (print)1040-3590
ISSN (online)1939-134X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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