How to format your references using the Psychological Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaver, R. L. (2005). Geophysics. Information from seismic noise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5715), 1568–1569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, W., & Klin, A. (2013). Attention to eyes is present but in decline in 2-6-month-old infants later diagnosed with autism. Nature, 504(7480), 427–431.
A journal article with 3 authors
Corominas-Murtra, B., Fortuny, J., & Solé, R. V. (2014). Towards a mathematical theory of meaningful communication. Scientific Reports, 4, 4587.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pandey, A., Misra, P., Bhambhani, S., Bhatia, C., & Trivedi, P. K. (2014). Expression of Arabidopsis MYB transcription factor, AtMYB111, in tobacco requires light to modulate flavonol content. Scientific Reports, 4, 5018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, D. J. (2006). Finite Difference Methods in Financial Engineering. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Gilbert-Barness, E. (2014). Handbook of Pediatric Autopsy Pathology. (D. E. Spicer & T. S. Steffensen, Eds.) (Second Edition). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Imamura, T., Yamada, S., & Machida, M. (2006). Over 10 TFLOPS Computation for a Huge Sparse Eigensolver on the Earth Simulator. In M. Resch, T. Bönisch, K. Benkert, W. Bez, T. Furui, & Y. Seo (Eds.), High Performance Computing on Vector Systems: Proceedings of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart, March 2005 (pp. 51–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Assessment.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, July 7). Planet In Three-Star System Directly Imaged For The First Time. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Need for Active Alcohol Public Education Program (No. 088681). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McAlpine, T. E. (2008). College students and career: An exploration of vocational anticipatory socialization (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, August 17). Tampa Teams Fund Removal of Monument. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weaver, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Jones & Klin, 2013; Weaver, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones & Klin, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Corominas-Murtra, Fortuny, & Solé, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pandey, Misra, Bhambhani, Bhatia, & Trivedi, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Assessment
AbbreviationPsychol. Assess.
ISSN (print)1040-3590
ISSN (online)1939-134X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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