How to format your references using the Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Koen, Nature 2004, 429, 112.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Finkel, N. J. Holbrook, Nature 2000, 408, 239.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. M. Monteggia, R. C. Malenka, K. Deisseroth, Nature 2014, 515, 200.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. J. Mota, L. Journet, I. Sorg, C. Agrain, G. R. Cornelis, Science 2005, 307, 1278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Jiang, C. Zhang, Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore, 2015.
An edited book
Diversity and Biotechnology of Ectomycorrhizae, ed. by Mahendra Rai, Ajit Varma, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Zhu, H. Lan, D. A. Ness, K. Xing, K. Schneider, S.-H. Lee, J. Ge, in Transforming Rural Communities in China and Beyond: Community Entrepreneurship and Enterprises, Infrastructure Development and Investment Modes, ed. by Hong Lan, David A. Ness, Ke Xing, Kris Schneider, Seung-Hee Lee, Jing Ge, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015, pp. 93–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Study Suggests Autism Begins During Pregnancy,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Weather Service: Modernization Activities Affecting Northwestern Pennsylvania, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. R. Levy, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kelly, Mighty Joe Mishbooker, 1995, 724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Letters
AbbreviationChem. Lett.
ISSN (print)0366-7022
ISSN (online)1348-0715
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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