How to format your references using the PROTEOMICS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for PROTEOMICS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maynard, A.D., Don’t define nanomaterials. Nature 2011, 475, 31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, Q., Lemke, G., Homeostatic regulation of the immune system by receptor tyrosine kinases of the Tyro 3 family. Science 2001, 293, 306–311.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmer, J., Nam, Y., Rapoport, T.A., Structure of a complex of the ATPase SecA and the protein-translocation channel. Nature 2008, 455, 936–943.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Bunce, M., Worthy, T.H., Ford, T., Hoppitt, W., et al., Extreme reversed sexual size dimorphism in the extinct New Zealand moa Dinornis. Nature 2003, 425, 172–175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geier, R., Angelmaier, V., Graubner, C.-A., Kohoutek, J., Integrale Brücken, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany 2017.
An edited book
Choi, K.K., Structural Sensitivity Analysis and Optimization 2: Nonlinear Systems and Applications, Springer, New York, NY 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Houlgate, S., in:, Desmond W, Onnasch E-O, Cruysberghs P (Eds.), Philosophy and Religion in German Idealism, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht 2005, pp. 81–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for PROTEOMICS.

Blog post
Andrews, R., Scientists Discover 40 New Genes Linked To Intelligence. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Communications Commission: Competitive Bidding Procedures, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, J.R., Microwave-Supported Acid Hydrolysis for Proteomics. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., Reservoir’s Sunken Fountain Is Rising From the Deep. New York Times 2003, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titlePROTEOMICS
ISSN (print)1615-9853
ISSN (online)1615-9861
Molecular Biology

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