How to format your references using the PROTEOMICS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for PROTEOMICS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenkel, D., Materials science. Colloidal encounters: a matter of attraction. Science 2006, 314, 768–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rabosky, D.L., Sorhannus, U., Diversity dynamics of marine planktonic diatoms across the Cenozoic. Nature 2009, 457, 183–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gil, S., Kott, A., Barabási, A.-L., A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5659.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Yoder, C.F., Konopliv, A.S., Yuan, D.N., Standish, E.M., Folkner, W.M., Fluid core size of Mars from detection of the solar tide. Science 2003, 300, 299–303.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stack, T., Ostrom, L.T., Wilhelmsen, C.A., Occupational Ergonomics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ 2016.
An edited book
Thomas, A.R., Vaduva, S., editors., Global Supply Chain Security: Emerging Topics in Research, Practice and Policy, Springer, New York, NY 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Casas, I., Ochoa, S.F., Puente, J., in:, Jacko JA (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction. Interacting in Various Application Domains: 13th International Conference, HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part IV, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2009, pp. 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for PROTEOMICS.

Blog post
Davis, J., Researchers Find That Prawns Could Help Protect Against Bilharzia. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, HUD Information Systems: Immature Software Acquisition Capability Increases Project Risks, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Madigan, J.P., Regulation of Localization and Function of the Rho Family Small GTPase, Rnd3. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Alcindor, Y., Democrats on Tightrope In Immigration Debate. New York Times 2017, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titlePROTEOMICS
ISSN (print)1615-9853
ISSN (online)1615-9861
Molecular Biology

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