How to format your references using the PROTEOMICS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for PROTEOMICS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Austin, J., The class of 2005. United States: two scientists and a baby. Science 2005, 310, 518–519.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roe, G.H., Baker, M.B., Why is climate sensitivity so unpredictable? Science 2007, 318, 629–632.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eswaramoorthy, S.K., Howe, J.M., Muralidharan, G., In situ determination of the nanoscale chemistry and behavior of solid-liquid systems. Science 2007, 318, 1437–1440.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Liu, Y., Luo, Y., Wu, J., Wang, Y., et al., Graphene oxide can induce in vitro and in vivo mutagenesis. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossain, M.E., Fundamentals of Drilling Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 2016.
An edited book
Israël, L., Mouralis, G., editors., Dealing with Wars and Dictatorships: Legal Concepts and Categories in Action, T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferreira, J.J.M., Raposo, M.L., Fernandes, C.I., in:, Ferreira JJM, Raposo M, Rutten R, Varga A (Eds.), Cooperation, Clusters, and Knowledge Transfer: Universities and Firms Towards Regional Competitiveness, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2013, pp. 81–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for PROTEOMICS.

Blog post
Andrew, E., The Weight Loss “Secret” That No One Is Telling You. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 2, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boerner, C.L., The Organizational Culture and Leadership Values That Impact Native American Water Utility Organizations. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., Case Study in Chaos: Management Experts Grade a Trump White House. New York Times 2017, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titlePROTEOMICS
ISSN (print)1615-9853
ISSN (online)1615-9861
Molecular Biology

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