How to format your references using the PROTEOMICS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for PROTEOMICS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochaix, J.-D., Plant science. Fine-tuning photosynthesis. Science 2013, 342, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spradling, A.C., Zheng, Y., Developmental biology. The mother of all stem cells? Science 2007, 315, 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raymo, M.E., Lisiecki, L.E., Nisancioglu, K.H., Plio-Pleistocene ice volume, Antarctic climate, and the global delta18O record. Science 2006, 313, 492–495.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Hanaguri, T., Lupien, C., Kohsaka, Y., Lee, D.-H., et al., A “checkerboard” electronic crystal state in lightly hole-doped Ca2-xNaxCuO2Cl2. Nature 2004, 430, 1001–1005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundararajan, D., Discretewavelet Transform, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore 2015.
An edited book
Ebi, K.L., Burton, I., McGregor, G.R., editors., Biometeorology for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change, vol. 1, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Hong, S.P., in:, Kim WH, Cheon JH (Eds.), Atlas of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2015, pp. 87–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for PROTEOMICS.

Blog post
Fang, J., Fossils Reveal That Modern Humans Were Living In China 20,000 Years Before We Thought They Left Africa. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Transportation Safety Board: Reauthorization Provides an Opportunity to Focus on Implementing Leading Management Practices and Addressing Human Capital and Training Center Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, C., Psycho-Socio-Cultural Risk Factors for Breech Presentation. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., How a TV Critic Manages a Franchise. New York Times 2017, A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titlePROTEOMICS
ISSN (print)1615-9853
ISSN (online)1615-9861
Molecular Biology

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