How to format your references using the PROTEOMICS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for PROTEOMICS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., Photonics: Trick of the light. Nature 2013, 495, S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cullimore, J., Dénarié, J., Plant sciences. How legumes select their sweet talking symbionts. Science 2003, 302, 575–578.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hirjibehedin, C.F., Lutz, C.P., Heinrich, A.J., Spin coupling in engineered atomic structures. Science 2006, 312, 1021–1024.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Lakes, R.S., Lee, T., Bersie, A., Wang, Y.C., Extreme damping in composite materials with negative-stiffness inclusions. Nature 2001, 410, 565–567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davey, K.J., Building Winning Algorithmic Trading Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 2014.
An edited book
Dincer, I., Clean Rail Transportation Options, Springer International Publishing, Cham 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Ortega, Y.R., in:, Ortega YR (Ed.), Foodborne Parasites, Springer US, Boston, MA 2006, pp. 109–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for PROTEOMICS.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., First Scientific Paper Published From New Horizons Mission. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Environmental Satellites: Launch Delayed; NOAA Faces Key Decisions on Timing of Future Satellites, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ichiyama, J., Early Goal-Directed Therapy in Adult Septic Patients. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, S.F., Moynihan, C., Well Before Scandals, Cosby’s Wife Faulted Media Treatment of Blacks. New York Times 2015, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titlePROTEOMICS
ISSN (print)1615-9853
ISSN (online)1615-9861
Molecular Biology

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