How to format your references using the Polish Annals of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polish Annals of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D. Beware politicians bearing gifts. Nature. 2009;457(7230):649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strahl BD, Allis CD. The language of covalent histone modifications. Nature. 2000;403(6765):41-45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klaholz BP, Myasnikov AG, Van Heel M. Visualization of release factor 3 on the ribosome during termination of protein synthesis. Nature. 2004;427(6977):862-865.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nishiguchi KM, Sandberg MA, Kooijman AC, et al. Defects in RGS9 or its anchor protein R9AP in patients with slow photoreceptor deactivation. Nature. 2004;427(6969):75-78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kricheldorf HR. Menschen Und Ihre Materialien. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Diamantopoulos A, Fritz W, Hildebrandt L, eds. Quantitative Marketing and Marketing Management: Marketing Models and Methods in Theory and Practice. Gabler Verlag; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Newsholme P, Keane K, Gaudel C, McClenaghan N. (Dys)Regulation of Insulin Secretion by Macronutrients. In: Islam MS, ed. Islets of Langerhans. Springer Netherlands; 2015:129-156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polish Annals of Medicine.

Blog post
Hale T. The Internet Is Hooked On This Color Perception Quiz - How Did You Score? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Economic Arrangements Among Small Webcasters and Third Parties and Their Effect on Royalties. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang EY. Late Twentieth-Century Piano Concert Etudes: A Style Study. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz J, Pérez-Peña R, Healy J. Deluged and Weary, Texas Braces for Years of Recovery. New York Times. August 28, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePolish Annals of Medicine
AbbreviationPol. Ann. Med.
ISSN (print)1230-8013
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles