How to format your references using the 3D Printing in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for 3D Printing in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lu K. Materials science. The future of metals. Science. 2010;328:319–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sosnick TR, Hinshaw JR. Biochemistry. How proteins fold. Science. 2011;334:464–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang B, Chen J, Corlett RT. Factors influencing repeated seed movements by scatter-hoarding rodents in an alpine forest. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4786.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sullivan NJ, Geisbert TW, Geisbert JB, Xu L, Yang Z-Y, Roederer M, et al. Accelerated vaccination for Ebola virus haemorrhagic fever in non-human primates. Nature. 2003;424:681–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Langlois P. Simulation of Complex Systems in GIS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Hofstede AT, Benatallah B, Paik H-Y, editors. Business Process Management Workshops: BPM 2007 International Workshops, BPI, BPD, CBP, ProHealth, RefMod, semantics4ws, Brisbane, Australia, September 24, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jamet D, Lafrenière N, Provençal X. Generation of Digital Planes Using Generalized Continued-Fractions Algorithms. In: Normand N, Guédon J, Autrusseau F, editors. Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 19th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2016, Nantes, France, April 18-20, 2016 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for 3D Printing in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Five Myths About Lower Back Pain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/five-myths-about-lower-back-pain/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Millennium Challenge Corporation: Results of Transportation Infrastructure Projects in Seven Countries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-631.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Milner M. An evaluation of the influence of case method instruction on the reflective thinking of MSW students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. The Greenhouse Stays. Some of the Greenery Goes. New York Times. 2002 Oct 27;148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal title3D Printing in Medicine
Abbreviation3D Print. Med.
ISSN (online)2365-6271
Scope

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