How to format your references using the 3D Printing in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for 3D Printing in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wickware P. Fields of dreams. Nature. 2002;415:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Martin CR, Siwy ZS. Chemistry. Learning nature’s way: biosensing with synthetic nanopores. Science. 2007;317:331–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hung R-J, Pak CW, Terman JR. Direct redox regulation of F-actin assembly and disassembly by Mical. Science. 2011;334:1710–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Miserez A, Schneberk T, Sun C, Zok FW, Waite JH. The transition from stiff to compliant materials in squid beaks. Science. 2008;319:1816–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gianni R. Responsibility and Freedom. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Zabransky S, editor. Caring for Children Born Small for Gestational Age. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sheaff MT, Singh N. Serous Fluids. In: Singh N, editor. Cytopathology: An Introduction. London: Springer; 2013. p. 101–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for 3D Printing in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. New Theory Could Rewrite Our Understanding Of Volcanoes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/volcanic-forces-not-what-you-were-taught/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Limited Improvement in Bridge Conditions over the Past Decade, but Financial Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jun. Report No.: GAO-13-713T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Estep KL. Outreach Communication by Grassroots Environmental Organizations: A Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Walker Takes One-Year Deal, but Cespedes Tells Mets No. New York Times. 2016 Nov 14;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal title3D Printing in Medicine
Abbreviation3D Print. Med.
ISSN (online)2365-6271
Scope

Other styles