How to format your references using the 3D Printing in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for 3D Printing in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cane DE. Biochemistry: favouring the unfavoured. Nature. 2012;483:285–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Freeman AS, Byers JE. Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations. Science. 2006;313:831–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Glaser A, Mian Z, von Hippel F. NUCLEAR SECURITY. After the Iran deal: Multinational enrichment. Science. 2015;348:1320–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lay T, Hernlund J, Garnero EJ, Thorne MS. A post-perovskite lens and D’’ heat flux beneath the central Pacific. Science. 2006;314:1272–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Olsson A. Understanding Changing Telecommunications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Buchholz BM. Smart Grids – Fundamentals and Technologies in Electricity Networks. Styczynski Z, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aguirre M, Baillion Y, Berruti B, Drinkwater M. Operational Oceanography and the Sentinel-3 System. In: Olla P, editor. Space Technologies for the Benefit of Human Society and Earth. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for 3D Printing in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. 9 Animal “Facts” Everyone Gets Wrong [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/10-animal-facts-we-still-get-wrong/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Older Driver Safety: Knowledge Sharing Should Help States Prepare for Increase in Older Driver Population. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-413.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Caprile JA. The geochemical influence of trace element concentrations from marine sedimentary bedrock on freshwater streams in the western Transverse Mountain Ranges [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shear MD, Nixon R, Liptak A. Justices Cancel Hearing on Travel Ban as Questions Linger on New Policy. New York Times. 2017 Sep 25;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal title3D Printing in Medicine
Abbreviation3D Print. Med.
ISSN (online)2365-6271
Scope

Other styles