How to format your references using the Protein Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Protein Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kuhl PK (2011) Neuroscience. Who’s talking? Science 333:529–530.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thompson PM, Ollason JC (2001) Lagged effects of ocean climate change on fulmar population dynamics. Nature 413:417–420.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Park HH, Woo K, Ahn J-P (2013) Core-shell bimetallic nanoparticles robustly fixed on the outermost surface of magnetic silica microspheres. Sci. Rep. 3:1497.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Gao Z, Hou L, Xu M, Tang D (2014) Enhanced colorimetric immunoassay accompanying with enzyme cascade amplification strategy for ultrasensitive detection of low-abundance protein. Sci. Rep. 4:3966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fayngold M Special Relativity and Motions Faster than Light. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Rehm G, Uszkoreit H eds The Serbian Language in the Digital Age. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Heck RG Finitude and Hume’s Principle. In: Cook RT, editor. The Arché Papers on the Mathematics of Abstraction. The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. pp. 61–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Protein Science.

Blog post
1. Evans K (2016) 27 Things You Didn’t Know Your Iphone Could Do. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/27-things-you-didnt-know-your-iphone-could-do/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office Railroad Bridges and Tunnels: Federal Role in Providing Safety Oversight and Freight Infrastructure Investment Could Be Better Targeted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Zavala M (2009) Latinos’ attitudes towards receiving mental health services.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Yanagihara H (2017) Nowhere Man. New York Times:M2128.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleProtein Science
AbbreviationProtein Sci.
ISSN (print)0961-8368
ISSN (online)1469-896x
ScopeBiochemistry
Molecular Biology

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