How to format your references using the Environment and Planning A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ainsworth C, 2012, “Immunology: A many layered thing” Nature 492(7429) S52-4
A journal article with 2 authors
Archer D, Martin P, 2001, “Ocean circulation. Thin walls tell the tale” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5549) 2108–2109
A journal article with 3 authors
Richland L E, Zur O, Holyoak K J, 2007, “Mathematics. Cognitive supports for analogies in the mathematics classroom” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5828) 1128–1129
A journal article with 21 or more authors
White J D, Chen J, Matsiev D, Auerbach D J, Wodtke A M, 2005, “Conversion of large-amplitude vibration to electron excitation at a metal surface” Nature 433(7025) 503–505

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tadros T F, 2010 Colloids in Paints (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany)
An edited book
Ferrari M, Vuletic L eds, 2010 The Developmental Relations among Mind, Brain and Education: Essays in Honor of Robbie Case (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Reddy P J, Gollapalli K, Ghantasala S, Das T, Patel S K, Chanukuppa V, Srivastava S, Rapole S, 2016, “Basics of Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications in Biomarker Discovery”, in Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World: Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges Ed S Srivastava (Springer India, New Delhi), pp 41–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning A.

Blog post
Hale T, 2016, “100,000 Flying Foxes Are Causing Chaos In A Small Australian Town” IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014, “Education Grants: Promise Neighborhoods Promotes Collaboration but Needs National Evaluation Plan”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Decena M, 2010 What variables affect Peritoneal Dialysis growth?, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G, 2012, “Deconstructing the Legend of Choo Choo” New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ainsworth, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ainsworth, 2012; Archer and Martin, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Archer and Martin, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (White et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning A
AbbreviationEnviron. Plan. A
ISSN (print)0308-518X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles