How to format your references using the Environment and Planning A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keitt T H, 2008, “Coherent ecological dynamics induced by large-scale disturbance” Nature 454(7202) 331–334
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujiwara M, Caswell H, 2001, “Demography of the endangered North Atlantic right whale” Nature 414(6863) 537–541
A journal article with 3 authors
Minamimoto T, Hori Y, Kimura M, 2005, “Complementary process to response bias in the centromedian nucleus of the thalamus” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308(5729) 1798–1801
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Ordovas-Montanes J, Dwyer D F, Nyquist S K, Buchheit K M, Vukovic M, Deb C, Wadsworth M H 2nd, Hughes T K, Kazer S W, Yoshimoto E, Cahill K N, Bhattacharyya N, Katz H R, Berger B, Laidlaw T M, Boyce J A, Barrett N A, Shalek A K, 2018, “Allergic inflammatory memory in human respiratory epithelial progenitor cells” Nature 560(7720) 649–654

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaisler S H, 2005 Software Paradigms (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Jajoda S, Mazumdar C eds, 2015 Information Systems Security: 11th International Conference, ICISS 2015, Kolkata, India, December 16-20, 2015. Proceedings (Springer International Publishing, Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Weiner G J, 2014, “Activation of NK Cell Responses and Immunotherapy of Cancer”, in Advances in Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy Eds J Rosenblatt, E R Podack, G N Barber, and A Ochoa (Springer, New York, NY), pp 57–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning A.

Blog post
Andrews R, 2016, “NASA Is Using ‘Martian Gardens’ To Learn How To Farm On The Red Planet” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008, “Aviation Weather: FAA Is Reevaluating Services at Key Centers; Both FAA and the National Weather Service Need to Better Ensure Product Quality”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliva D A, 2012 Technological mediation: The implications of technology on the human experience, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman M M, Saulny S, 2010, “A Tragedy in Detroit, With a Reality TV Crew in Tow” New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keitt, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fujiwara and Caswell, 2001; Keitt, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujiwara and Caswell, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ordovas-Montanes et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning A
AbbreviationEnviron. Plan. A
ISSN (print)0308-518X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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