How to format your references using the Environment and Planning A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pennisi E, 2000, “GENOMICS: Rat Genome Off to an Early Start” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289(5483) 1267b–9b
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillpot S R, Sinnott S B, 2009, “Materials science. Simulating multifunctional structures” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325(5948) 1634–1635
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander J M, Diez J M, Levine J M, 2015, “Novel competitors shape species’ responses to climate change” Nature 525(7570) 515–518
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Irifune T, Higo Y, Inoue T, Kono Y, Ohfuji H, Funakoshi K, 2008, “Sound velocities of majorite garnet and the composition of the mantle transition region” Nature 451(7180) 814–817

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim R A, 2017 Handbook of Structural Life Assessment (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Stoyan G, 2016 Elementary Numerical Mathematics for Programmers and Engineers Ed A Baran (Springer International Publishing, Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Sekimoto T, Katahira J, Yoneda Y, 2005, “Nuclear Import and Export Signals”, in Nuclear Import and Export in Plants and Animals Ed V Citovsky Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit (Springer US, Boston, MA), pp 50–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning A.

Blog post
Luntz S, 2015, “The Strange History and Future of Chlamydia Vaccines” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988, “Telecommunications: Changes in Selected Broadcast and Cable Television Reporting Requirements”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rus E L, 2017 A grant proposal for program “Tech Connect”: Bridging the generations through technology coaching, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss B, 2016, “In Baltimore, This Song Is Their Song” New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pennisi, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Pennisi, 2000; Phillpot and Sinnott, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phillpot and Sinnott, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Irifune et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning A
AbbreviationEnviron. Plan. A
ISSN (print)0308-518X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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