How to format your references using the Environment and Planning A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Briggs D E G, 2010, “Obituary: Harry Whittington (1916-2010)” Nature 466(7307) 706
A journal article with 2 authors
Kumar K, Yang E-H, 2013, “On the growth mode of two-lobed curvilinear graphene domains at atmospheric pressure” Scientific reports 3 2571
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown R R, Deletic A, Wong T H F, 2015, “Interdisciplinarity: How to catalyse collaboration” Nature 525(7569) 315–317
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Billeter J-C, Atallah J, Krupp J J, Millar J G, Levine J D, 2009, “Specialized cells tag sexual and species identity in Drosophila melanogaster” Nature 461(7266) 987–991

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuo J B, Lin S-C, 2002 Low-Voltage SOI CMOS VLSI Devices and Circuits (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA)
An edited book
Masferrer A ed, 2012 Post 9/11 and the State of Permanent Legal Emergency: Security and Human Rights in Countering Terrorism (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Brown K W, Cordon S, 2009, “Toward a Phenomenology of Mindfulness: Subjective Experience and Emotional Correlates”, in Clinical Handbook of Mindfulness Ed F Didonna (Springer, New York, NY), pp 59–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning A.

Blog post
Andrews R, 2017, “What In The Name Of Thor Are These Icelandic Zig-Zags?” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970, “Selected Aspects of the Army’s Aviation Maintenance Program”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pratt J E, 2014 Investigating educational systems, leadership, and school culture: A holistic approach, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J, 2016, “Max Ritvo, 25, Poet Who Chronicled His Cancer Fight” New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Briggs, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Briggs, 2010; Kumar and Yang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kumar and Yang, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Billeter et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning A
AbbreviationEnviron. Plan. A
ISSN (print)0308-518X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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