How to format your references using the Environment and Planning A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson B, 2008, “Obituary: Bert Bolin (1925-2008)” Nature 451(7179) 642
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiermaier E, Sixt M, 2015, “IMMUNOLOGY. Fragmented communication between immune cells” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349(6252) 1055–1056
A journal article with 3 authors
Hiroi T, Zolensky M E, Pieters C M, 2001, “The Tagish Lake meteorite: a possible sample from a D-type asteroid” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293(5538) 2234–2236
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Pramanik S, Pingguan-Murphy B, Cho J, Abu Osman N A, 2014, “Design and development of potential tissue engineering scaffolds from structurally different longitudinal parts of a bovine-femur” Scientific reports 4 5843

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tewari A, 2011 Advanced Control of Aircraft, Spacecraft and Rockets (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Jepson W, Millington A eds, 2008 Land Change Science in the Tropics: Changing Agricultural Landscapes (Springer US, Boston, MA)
A chapter in an edited book
Havskov J, Alguacil G, 2016, “Seismic Recorders”, in Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology Ed G Alguacil (Springer International Publishing, Cham), pp 149–196

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning A.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2016, “Good Tests Make Children Fail – Here’s Why” IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997, “Telecommunications Management: More Effort Needed by Interior and the Forest Service to Achieve Savings”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia R D, 2008 Designing an autonomous helicopter testbed: From conception through implementation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L, 2008, “In Latest Term, Majority Grows To More Than 5 of the Justices” New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watson, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kiermaier and Sixt, 2015; Watson, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiermaier and Sixt, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Pramanik et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning A
AbbreviationEnviron. Plan. A
ISSN (print)0308-518X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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