How to format your references using the Environment and Planning A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment and Planning A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steinhardt P, 2014, “Big Bang blunder bursts the multiverse bubble” Nature 510(7503) 9
A journal article with 2 authors
Li X, Yang Y, 2014, “A novel perspective on seed yield of broad bean (Vicia faba L.): differences resulting from pod characteristics” Scientific reports 4 6859
A journal article with 3 authors
Kippenberg T J, Holzwarth R, Diddams S A, 2011, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6029) 555–559
A journal article with 21 or more authors
Jones K L, Adekola A S, Bardayan D W, Blackmon J C, Chae K Y, Chipps K A, Cizewski J A, Erikson L, Harlin C, Hatarik R, Kapler R, Kozub R L, Liang J F, Livesay R, Ma Z, Moazen B H, Nesaraja C D, Nunes F M, Pain S D, Patterson N P, et al., 2010, “The magic nature of (132)Sn explored through the single-particle states of (133)Sn” Nature 465(7297) 454–457

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rim C T, Mi C, 2017 Wireless Power Transfer for Electric Vehicles and Mobile Devices (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Konstan J A, Conejo R, Marzo J L, Oliver N eds, 2011 User Modeling, Adaption and Personalization: 19th International Conference, UMAP 2011, Girona, Spain, July 11-15, 2011. Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Llorente B, 2016, “Regulation of Carotenoid Biosynthesis in Photosynthetic Organs”, in Carotenoids in Nature: Biosynthesis, Regulation and Function Ed C Stange Subcellular Biochemistry (Springer International Publishing, Cham), pp 141–160

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment and Planning A.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015, “How Science Lost One Of Its Greatest Minds In The Trenches Of Gallipoli” IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982, “Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren W, 2013 The Portrayal of Risk-taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-time Television Series, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chauncey G, 2013, “The Long Road to Marriage Equality” New York Times A31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steinhardt, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Li and Yang, 2014; Steinhardt, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Yang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment and Planning A
AbbreviationEnviron. Plan. A
ISSN (print)0308-518X
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

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