How to format your references using the Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (JMBA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhou M (2013) Materials science. Exceptional properties by design. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339, 1161–1162.
A journal article with 2 authors
VijayRaghavan K and Bate M (2010) Retrospective. Veronica Rodrigues (1953-2010). Science (New York, N.Y.) 330, 1493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lewis SL, Edwards DP and Galbraith D (2015) Increasing human dominance of tropical forests. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349, 827–832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen J, Zhao D, Li C, Xu F, Lei W, Sun L, Nathan A and Sun XW (2014) All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters. Scientific Reports 4, 4085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abran A (2015) Software Project Estimation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Domaratzki M, Okhotin A, Salomaa K and Yu S (Eds.) (2005) Implementation and Application of Automata: 9th International Conference, CIAA 2004, Kingston, Canada, July 22-24, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, Vol. 3317. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Quiceno HR, Loaiza GI and Arango JC (2014) A Riemannian Geometry in the $q q -Exponential Banach Manifold Induced by q$ q -Divergences. In Nielsen Frank (ed.) Geometric Theory of Information, pp. 97–117. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015, September 25) Colorful ‘Dragon Scales’ On Pluto Perplex Scientists. Available at (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Children’s Issues: A Decade of GAO Reports and Recent Activities No. HRD-90-162. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris DW (2012) An examination of the impact of computer-based animations and visualization sequence on student understanding of Hadley Cells in atmospheric circulation Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2016, December 2) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, p. MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhou, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (VijayRaghavan & Bate, 2010; Zhou, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (VijayRaghavan & Bate, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Lewis et al., 2015)
  • Four or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U. K.
ISSN (print)0025-3154
ISSN (online)1469-7769
ScopeAquatic Science

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