How to format your references using the Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (JMBA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling, G. (2009). Spain unveils its eye on the sky. Nature 460, 674.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishimura, M.T., and Dangl, J.L. (2014). Plant science. Paired plant immune receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344, 267–268.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnaud-Haond, S., Arrieta, J.M., and Duarte, C.M. (2011). Global genetic resources. Marine biodiversity and gene patents. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331, 1521–1522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bloomfield, F.H., Oliver, M.H., Hawkins, P., Campbell, M., Phillips, D.J., Gluckman, P.D., Challis, J.R.G., and Harding, J.E. (2003). A periconceptional nutritional origin for noninfectious preterm birth. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300, 606.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Warren, A.E.A., Lerner, R.M., and Phelps, E. (2011). Thriving and Spirituality Among Youth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bennedsen, J., Caspersen, M.E., and Kölling, M. (Eds.). (2008). Reflections on the Teaching of Programming: Methods and Implementations (Vol. 4821). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kurucz, A. (2013). A Note on Axiomatisations of Two-Dimensional Modal Logics. In K. Lodaya (Ed.), Logic and Its Applications: 5th Indian Conference, ICLA 2013, Chennai, India, January 10-12, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 27–33). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 21). Royal ferns are ‘living fossils,’ unchanged since the Jurassic.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Highway Financing: Factors Affecting Highway Trust Fund Revenues (No. GAO-02-667T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, G.M. (2012). Roles of vitamin D and calcium in cancer and diet history (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. (2016, April 5). With Suit, Hedge Funds Seek to Freeze the Assets of a Top Puerto Rico Bank. New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Schilling, 2009; Nishimura & Dangl, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishimura & Dangl, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Arnaud-Haond et al., 2011)
  • Four or more authors: (Bloomfield et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U. K.
ISSN (print)0025-3154
ISSN (online)1469-7769
ScopeAquatic Science

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