How to format your references using the Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (JMBA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Staunton, H. (2008). Arousal by stimulation of deep-brain nuclei. Nature 452, E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knaden, M., and Hansson, B.S. (2013). Neuroscience. Specialized but flexible. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339, 151–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baughman, R.H., Zakhidov, A.A., and de Heer, W.A. (2002). Carbon nanotubes--the route toward applications. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297, 787–792.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Whittington, A.T., Vugrek, O., Wei, K.J., Hasenbein, N.G., Sugimoto, K., Rashbrooke, M.C., and Wasteneys, G.O. (2001). MOR1 is essential for organizing cortical microtubules in plants. Nature 411, 610–613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rounds, J., and Segner, R. (2011). Construction Supervision. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Banichuk, N. (2014). Mechanics of Moving Materials. (J. Jeronen, P. Neittaanmäki, T. Saksa, & T. Tuovinen, Eds.) (Vol. 207). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Teot, L., Otman, S., Brancati, A., and Mittermayr, R. (2012). Burn wound healing: Pathophysiology. In L.-P. Kamolz, M. G. Jeschke, R. E. Horch, M. Küntscher, & P. Brychta (Eds.), Handbook of Burns: Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Volume 2 (pp. 47–54). Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 1). This Video Induces Natural Hallucinations.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Amtrak: Early Progress Made in Implementing Strategic and Business Plan, but Obstacles Remain (No. T-RCED-95-227). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laubacher, T.L. (2016). Simplifying ‘Inherently Governmental’ Functions: Choosing between a Principled Approach or More of the Same (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. (2017, June 15). Twilight of the Guru. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Staunton, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Staunton, 2008; Knaden & Hansson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knaden & Hansson, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Baughman et al., 2002)
  • Four or more authors: (Whittington et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U. K.
ISSN (print)0025-3154
ISSN (online)1469-7769
ScopeAquatic Science

Other styles