How to format your references using the Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Nielsen, Evolution. Why sex?, Science. 311 (2006) 960–961.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.A. Hill, R.A. Barton, Psychology: red enhances human performance in contests, Nature. 435 (2005) 293.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Gächter, E. Renner, M. Sefton, The long-run benefits of punishment, Science. 322 (2008) 1510.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Wittenburg, S. Eimer, B. Lakowski, S. Röhrig, C. Rudolph, R. Baumeister, Presenilin is required for proper morphology and function of neurons in C. elegans, Nature. 406 (2000) 306–309.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Snopek, The Complete Guide to Portfolio Construction and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK, 2012.
An edited book
H.A.M.J. ten Have, ed., Bioethics Education in a Global Perspective: Challenges in global bioethics, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
G. David, Open Questions on the Mumford-Shah Functional, in: M. Benedicks, P.W. Jones, S. Smirnov, B. Winckler (Eds.), Perspectives in Analysis: Essays in Honor of Lennart Carleson’s 75th Birthday, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Alzheimer’s Is Slowly Giving Up Its Secrets – And ‘Risk Genes’ Are Just One Piece Of The Puzzle, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Problems And Progress Of The U.S. Army Materiel Command’s Automated Data Processing Service Center Concept, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. Gray, Overcoming the threat of racial stereotyping in the workplace, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A.L. Baker, B. Mueller, A Shooting, the Hospital and Then, Months Later, a Homicide, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
AbbreviationProstaglandins Other Lipid Mediat.
ISSN (print)1098-8823
Cell Biology

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