How to format your references using the Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Macilwain, Human cloning claim sparks fear of Senate backlash, Nature. 421 (2003) 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Löytynoja, N. Goldman, Phylogeny-aware gap placement prevents errors in sequence alignment and evolutionary analysis, Science. 320 (2008) 1632–1635.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.N. Weber, B.K. Peterson, H.E. Hoekstra, Discrete genetic modules are responsible for complex burrow evolution in Peromyscus mice, Nature. 493 (2013) 402–405.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Pasqualucci, D. Dominguez-Sola, A. Chiarenza, G. Fabbri, A. Grunn, V. Trifonov, L.H. Kasper, S. Lerach, H. Tang, J. Ma, D. Rossi, A. Chadburn, V.V. Murty, C.G. Mullighan, G. Gaidano, R. Rabadan, P.K. Brindle, R. Dalla-Favera, Inactivating mutations of acetyltransferase genes in B-cell lymphoma, Nature. 471 (2011) 189–195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W.D. Loveland, D.J. Morrissey, G.T. Seaborg, Modern Nuclear Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
B. Desai, B. Allen, eds., Nailing the Written Emergency Medicine Board Examination, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Laures, Innovative Energy Concepts in the Water Supply Sector, in: M. Schmidt, V. Onyango, D. Palekhov (Eds.), Implementing Environmental and Resource Management, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 23–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Nasty Star Has Cosmic Temper Tantrum, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Enhanced Oversight and Improved Availability of Risk- Based Data Could Further Improve Safety, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.M. Cook, An Examination of the Proportion of Special Education Students in Single-Parent Homes in Comparison to Regular Education Students in Similar Households, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hartman, A New Life for Refugees, and the City They Adopted, New York Times. (2014) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
AbbreviationProstaglandins Other Lipid Mediat.
ISSN (print)1098-8823
Cell Biology

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