How to format your references using the Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Tsukamoto, Oceanic biology: spawning of eels near a seamount, Nature. 439 (2006) 929.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.C.M. Gebhardt, M. Rief, Biochemistry. Force signaling in biology, Science. 324 (2009) 1278–1280.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Boos, M. Yekezare, J.F.X. Diffley, Identification of a heteromeric complex that promotes DNA replication origin firing in human cells, Science. 340 (2013) 981–984.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Wu, J. Xia, W. Lei, B.-P. Wang, Advanced understanding of stickiness on superhydrophobic surfaces, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3268.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Korhonen, T. Savolainen, J. Soininen, Deploying IPv6 in 3GPP Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
M. Ali, J.-S. Pan, S.-M. Chen, M.-F. Horng, eds., Modern Advances in Applied Intelligence: 27th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2014, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, June 3-6, 2014, Proceedings, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A.A. Okecha, N.E. Newton-Fisher, The Diet of Olive Baboons (Papio anubis) in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda, in: N.E. Newton-Fisher, H. Notman, J.D. Paterson, V. Reynolds (Eds.), Primates of Western Uganda, Springer, New York, NY, 2006: pp. 61–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Check Out These Awesome Pictures Of A Space Shuttle Tank’s Trip Through Los Angeles, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.J. Jones, From Corbin and Hillman to Dionysos: The Partial Unveiling of Psyche’s Stage, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, The ‘Coolest Man’ Heads to the Library, New York Times. (2017) C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
AbbreviationProstaglandins Other Lipid Mediat.
ISSN (print)1098-8823
Cell Biology

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