How to format your references using the Progress in Retinal and Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steed, J.W., 2000. Crystals that breathe. Nature 406, 943–944.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong, A.M.H., Eleftheriades, G.V., 2013. An optical super-microscope for far-field, real-time imaging beyond the diffraction limit. Sci. Rep. 3, 1715.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambur, J.B., Novet, T., Parkinson, B.A., 2010. Multiple exciton collection in a sensitized photovoltaic system. Science 330, 63–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Amoasii, L., Hildyard, J.C.W., Li, H., Sanchez-Ortiz, E., Mireault, A., Caballero, D., Harron, R., Stathopoulou, T.-R., Massey, C., Shelton, J.M., Bassel-Duby, R., Piercy, R.J., Olson, E.N., 2018. Gene editing restores dystrophin expression in a canine model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Science 362, 86–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benchaib, A., 2015. Advanced Control of AC/DC Power Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fusetani, N., Clare, A.S. (Eds.), 2006. Antifouling Compounds, Marine Molecular Biotechnology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
MatutinoviĆ, I., 2010. Energy Security and the Social Use of Energy, in: Barbir, F., Ulgiati, S. (Eds.), Energy Options Impact on Regional Security, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 93–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Rings Discovered Around an Asteroid for the First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Payments in Lieu of Taxes for Federal Property (No. 116666). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ready, C., 2014. Preventing childhood obesity in foster children: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Puerto Rico to Issue $750 Million in Revenue Bonds for Construction. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steed, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Steed, 2000; Wong and Eleftheriades, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Eleftheriades, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Amoasii et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Retinal and Eye Research
AbbreviationProg. Retin. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)1350-9462
Sensory Systems

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