How to format your references using the Progress in Retinal and Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Subbaraman, N., 2014. Public health: A burning issue. Nature 513, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simmons, N.A., Gurrola, H., 2000. Multiple seismic discontinuities near the base of the transition zone in the Earth’s mantle. Nature 405, 559–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, D.E., Zuber, M.T., Neumann, G.A., 2001. Seasonal variations of snow depth on Mars. Science 294, 2141–2146.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Egan, M.E., Pearson, M., Weiner, S.A., Rajendran, V., Rubin, D., Glöckner-Pagel, J., Canny, S., Du, K., Lukacs, G.L., Caplan, M.J., 2004. Curcumin, a major constituent of turmeric, corrects cystic fibrosis defects. Science 304, 600–602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kowalick, T.M., 2004. Fatal Exit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nawrat, A., Simek, K., Świerniak, A. (Eds.), 2013. Advanced Technologies for Intelligent Systems of National Border Security, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Alekseev, V.R., 2007. Reactivation of Diapausing Crustaceans, in: Alekseev, V.R., Stasio, B.T. de, Gilbert, J.J. (Eds.), Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates Theory and Human Use. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Lizard Diversity Stayed The Same For 20 Million Years, Amber Fossils Show [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Federally Funded R&D Centers: Issues Relating to the Management of DOD-Sponsored Centers (No. NSIAD-96-112). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray, S.E., 2012. Impact of Training Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in Health Care Administrators and Physician Leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2008. SAILING. New York Times LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Subbaraman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Simmons and Gurrola, 2000; Subbaraman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simmons and Gurrola, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Egan et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Retinal and Eye Research
AbbreviationProg. Retin. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)1350-9462
Sensory Systems

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