How to format your references using the Progress in Retinal and Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamanaka, S., 2009. Elite and stochastic models for induced pluripotent stem cell generation. Nature 460, 49–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, G.D., Gordon, S., 2001. Immune recognition. A new receptor for beta-glucans. Nature 413, 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Teuten, E.L., Xu, L., Reddy, C.M., 2005. Two abundant bioaccumulated halogenated compounds are natural products. Science 307, 917–920.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gorelli, F.A., Bryk, T., Krisch, M., Ruocco, G., Santoro, M., Scopigno, T., 2013. Dynamics and Thermodynamics beyond the critical point. Sci. Rep. 3, 1203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bar-Eli, M., Plessner, H., Raab, M., 2011. Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kovačević, B., 2013. Adaptive Digital Filters. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rossberg, J., Olausson, M., 2012. ALM Using TFS, in: Olausson, M. (Ed.), Pro Application Lifecycle Management with Visual Studio 2012. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Higher Pay May Help Smokers Quit [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Insights Into CETA’s In-School Youth Programs (No. HRD-82-116). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dill, K.D., 2012. Nonparametric alternative to Poly-k test in animal tumorigenicity studies (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2013. Texas Film: It’s Not Just About Slackers Anymore. New York Times A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yamanaka, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Gordon, 2001; Yamanaka, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Gordon, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Gorelli et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Retinal and Eye Research
AbbreviationProg. Retin. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)1350-9462
Sensory Systems

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