How to format your references using the Progress in Retinal and Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pauluis, O.M., 2015. Atmospheric science. The global engine that could. Science 347, 475–476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lau, W., Sattely, E.S., 2015. Six enzymes from mayapple that complete the biosynthetic pathway to the etoposide aglycone. Science 349, 1224–1228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldini, G., Cannone, F., Chirico, G., 2005. Pre-unfolding resonant oscillations of single green fluorescent protein molecules. Science 309, 1096–1100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gomes, R., Levison, H.F., Tsiganis, K., Morbidelli, A., 2005. Origin of the cataclysmic Late Heavy Bombardment period of the terrestrial planets. Nature 435, 466–469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph, C.L., Bernal, S., 2016. Modern Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Satchell, S. (Ed.), 2016. Asset Management: Portfolio Construction, Performance and Returns. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Weber, S., Nowak, S., Schappacher, F., 2014. Analytical Methods for Investigation of Lithium-Ion Battery Ageing, in: Thaler, A., Watzenig, D. (Eds.), Automotive Battery Technology, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. There Are Only 30 Critically Endangered Vaquita Left In The World [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Airport Finance: Past Funding Levels May Not Be Sufficient to Cover Airports’ Planned Capital Development (No. GAO-03-497T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, J., 2012. Adherence to medications among Vietnamese Americans 65 years of age and older (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. International Rents Per Square Foot. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pauluis, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lau and Sattely, 2015; Pauluis, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lau and Sattely, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gomes et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Retinal and Eye Research
AbbreviationProg. Retin. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)1350-9462
Sensory Systems

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