How to format your references using the Progress in Retinal and Eye Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morton, O., 2000. PARTICLE PHYSICS: CERN Gives Higgs Hunters Extra Month to Collect Data. Science 289, 2014–2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beatty, P.H., Good, A.G., 2011. Plant science. Future prospects for cereals that fix nitrogen. Science 333, 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plata, G., Henry, C.S., Vitkup, D., 2015. Long-term phenotypic evolution of bacteria. Nature 517, 369–372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hirama, M., Oishi, T., Uehara, H., Inoue, M., Maruyama, M., Oguri, H., Satake, M., 2001. Total synthesis of ciguatoxin CTX3C. Science 294, 1904–1907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop, J., Girma, D., Irvine, J., 2013. Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Cross, T., Ambrose, D. (Eds.), 2009. Morality, Ethics, and Gifted Minds. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Somalingam, S., Hain, M., Tschudi, T., Knittel, J., Richter, H., 2005. Aberration Compensation Using Nematic Liquid Crystals, in: Wittrock, U. (Ed.), Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop Münster, Germany, Oct. 19–24, 2003, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Retinal and Eye Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. This Strange Scientific Model Has A Worrying Prediction About 2020 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Information on Funding of Correctional Projects (No. B-171019). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jekanowski, E.C., 2017. District Leadership and Systemic Inclusion: A Case Study of One Inclusive and Effective School District (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morton, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Beatty and Good, 2011; Morton, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beatty and Good, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirama et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Retinal and Eye Research
AbbreviationProg. Retin. Eye Res.
ISSN (print)1350-9462
Sensory Systems

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